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From Apprenticeships to Learnerships. Challenges, issues and solutions. Author: Christoph Vorwerk. Critical success factors in the implementation of learnerships and other NQF programmes. Clarity of purpose and linkage to business strategies Why do want to do this?

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From apprenticeships to learnerships l.jpg

From Apprenticeships to Learnerships

Challenges, issues and solutions

Author: Christoph Vorwerk


Critical success factors in the implementation of learnerships and other nqf programmes l.jpg
Critical success factors in the implementation of learnerships and other NQF programmes

  • Clarity of purpose and linkage to business strategies

    • Why do want to do this?

  • Management commitment, champion to drive

  • SETA support

    • Not just grants, also guidance and resources

    • Friendly ETQA system

  • Integration of learnership in overall system

    • No just about training

    • Social learning

  • Quality and relevance of qualifications and standards

  • Monitoring and evaluation


Critical factors in the re design of apprenticeships l.jpg
Critical factors in the re-design of apprenticeships learnerships and other NQF programmes

  • Qualifications and unit standards – SAQA

  • Curriculum or learning programme

  • Organisation of the learning process

    • Skills programmes

    • Learnerships

  • ETQA issues


Qualifications and unit standards l.jpg

Qualifications and unit standards learnerships and other NQF programmes

Design issues


Rules of the new game l.jpg
Rules of the new game learnerships and other NQF programmes

  • A learnership is not a qualification

    • A learnership is one route to acquiring a qualification

  • Standards and qualifications are related to occupations, not to the job

    • One qualification can cover several related occupations

    • One qualification can have several associated learnerships

    • Qualifications include fundamentals, life skills, team skills, self-management skills, coaching, etc

  • But a generic qualification does not mean you can do everything

    • It still means “ability to apply learning outcomes in a relevant context”

    • The relevant context is this machine, this material this product


Slide6 l.jpg

RPL learnerships and other NQF programmes

Internship

Experience

CertificateCourse

Skills Programmes

Courses

Learnership

Multiple Routes to a Qualifications

National Certificate Metals Processing NQF Level X


Craft or trade qualification l.jpg
Craft or Trade Qualification learnerships and other NQF programmes

  • Qualification embedded in the process

    • ie Sect 13 apprenticeship only route to trade

      • Sect 28 only a back door

  • Effluxion of time vs CBMT

  • Modules

    • Unwritten and unspecified part of apprentice route to craft was a sense of the business (the trade)

      • Dealing with customers

      • Managing workflow

      • Managing finances (if small business)

  • Focus on juveniles (school leavers) and is occupational route to a qualification


  • The new context l.jpg
    The new context learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • Qualifications separated from the learning process

    • Expressed in outcomes that have to be achieved

      • The end point of the learning is determined – outcomes-based

      • Outcomes (skills, knowledge and values) assessment criteria and the development of generic abilities

    • Qualifications consists of individual building blocks

      • Unit standards

      • But it requires integration

      • Also general skills – not just the “job”

    • Assessment is weighing evidence assembled as part of the learning process

      • Not just once-off trade test , but

      • assessment of total learning process (evidence in portfolio)

      • includes consistency of performance and repeatability

      • Multiple routes to the qualification


    What is a learnership l.jpg
    What is a learnership? learnerships and other NQF programmes

    NQF

    5

    Current perception

    Learning programme, over 3 years -apprenticeship-based model

    The qualification is embedded in the learning process

    4

    Q

    3

    2

    1


    Slide10 l.jpg

    NQF learnerships and other NQF programmes

    5

    4

    3

    Q

    Q

    Q

    2

    1

    • SAQA requires:

    • Exit Level Outcomes at each level

    The full trade is based on three qualifications roughly equivalent to phases one, two and three of the apprenticeship.

    Each qualification can be an occupation in its own right, ie enough skills to form the basis of a job in industry.

    Learningprocess

    Assess-mentprocess

    Getting to the trade can then be done on a flexible basis when opportunities arise.


    Slide11 l.jpg

    NQF learnerships and other NQF programmes

    5

    4

    3

    Q

    2

    1

    Assess-mentprocess

    • Roughly ~ end of Phase 1 of apprenticeship

    • A qualification which recognises knowledge (eg N1 type knowledge, plus language & communication) and skills to perform certain support tasks for the trade area or for the artisan

    • Learner can continue working at this level or engage in learning for next level

    • Also RPL for those who have been doing this level of work for many years

    Learningprocess


    Slide12 l.jpg

    NQF learnerships and other NQF programmes

    5

    4

    3

    2

    1

    • Roughly ~ end of Phase 2 of apprenticeship

    • A qualification which recognises knowledge (eg N2 type knowledge, plus language & communication) and skills to perform selected, routine artisan-type tasks in the trade area

    • Learner can continue working at this level or engage in learning for next level

    • Also RPL for those who have been doing this level of work for many years

    Q

    Q

    Learningprocess

    Assess-mentprocess


    Slide13 l.jpg

    • Technician Diploma/Master Artisan 3

    • Advanced trade qualification/Master Artisan 1

    Q

    Q

    Q

    Q

    • Trade-equivalent qualification

    6

    5

    4


    Current trends l.jpg
    Current trends learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • Increasing requirement for all trades to understand

      • Electrics, electronics and mechatronic systems

      • PLC and communication devices

    • Align qualifications with Mechatronic at level 5

    • Think about L5 qualifications for maintenance of high speed production processes

      • Maintenance strategies


    Design of qualifications l.jpg
    Design of qualifications learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • Generic qualifications and standards

    • Obtain in a specific context

      • Nat Cert Mechanical Engineering (Chemical fitting) MQF4

    • Trades are cross-sectoral

    • One qualification – many learnerships


    Curriculum learning programmes l.jpg

    Curriculum & learning programmes learnerships and other NQF programmes

    What do we do with the trade theory and the modules?


    Learning programme development l.jpg
    Learning programme development learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • Disaggregate unit standards

    • Group and link to TT topics or modules

    • Identify gaps and source alternate modules, materials, outside providers >>

      Challenges

    • Realisation that a lot of the materials were out-of-date and needed revision

    • Unit standards consist of a lot of little bits of information

    • Difficult to organise into coherent whole, so..


    Four learning modes l.jpg
    Four learning modes learnerships and other NQF programmes

    Occupational Competence

    Occupational Qualifications

    Curriculum

    General and occupationally relevant knowledge and theory

    Application

    (structured learning)

    Workplace experience

    (practice)

    Specialised and contextual knowledge & theory

    Forthcoming DoL/GTZ Booklet


    How we apply the four modes l.jpg
    How we apply the four modes learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • General and occupationally relevant knowledge & theory

      • Trade theory but general, engineering science, drawing, maths…

    • Specialised and contextual knowledge & theory

      • Job, product or plant specific

    • Application

      • Off-line development of basic skills

      • Hand skills, exercises, practice, training machinery

    • Work experience

      • On-the-job, rotation through other departments

      • Best practice: projects which add value to the line, solve problems, improve systems


    Reducing the complexity organising horizontally l.jpg
    Reducing the complexity – organising horizontally learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • Use ‘subject’ headings to cluster and organise

    • Now have grid >>


    Why do we do it this way l.jpg
    Why do we do it this way? learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • There are certain common elements to all engineering trades

    • Create common core modules and topics for trade theory – used by everybody for a particular level

    • Current TT topics and modules can be incorporated as ‘general and contextual theory’ and as ‘application’

    • Development needs

      • Knowledge and skills outside traditional trade

      • Revision of materials to bring up-to-date or to broaden

      • Assignments and projects for the work experience


    Benefits l.jpg
    Benefits learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • More coherence

    • Similar approach by all

    • Easier to manage range of occupations across whole group

    • Topics and modules can be used by any employees, not only those on learnerships

    • Easier quality assurance

    • Simplifies the process

    • Will be in line with new emerging requirements from Dept of Labour


    Learnership registration and memorandum of understanding l.jpg
    Learnership registration and Memorandum of Understanding learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • Learnership can be registered against, say MERSETA accredited qualifications

      • Learning programme makes easier

      • Registration

      • QA

      • assessment

    • MoU

      • Reflects the above

      • With other SETAs

      • With FET sector


    Organisation of learning l.jpg

    Organisation of learning learnerships and other NQF programmes

    Options


    Learnerships l.jpg
    Learnerships learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • One year stipulation

      • Causes confusion in the workplaces, esp small companies

      • “After I year, what is he?

      • But the three stage process has advantages

        • More flexible for learners and employers

      • Perhaps influence DoL revision of learnership regulations

        • Special three-year learnerships for trades

        • Maybe we can get SAQA to understand too!


    Also skills progammes l.jpg
    Also skills progammes learnerships and other NQF programmes

    • Still have learning contract, but voluntary,

    • take it slower with greater work experience and ability to earn working wage at that level

    • Especially appropriate for artisan aids and others to get recognition for skills with ‘theory’ top-up and fundamentals


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