End violence together for the dignity of every woman
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END VIOLENCE TOGETHER For The Dignity Of Every Woman. Insert Agency/Program Name. Presentation Overview Insert Length of Time. What Is Violence Against Women? How Common Is It? Why Focus on Violence Against Women? What Is The Impact? What Can We Do To End Violence Together?.

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End violence together for the dignity of every woman

END VIOLENCE TOGETHER For The Dignity Of Every Woman

Insert Agency/Program Name


Presentation overview insert length of time

Presentation OverviewInsert Length of Time

What Is Violence Against Women?

How Common Is It?

Why Focus on Violence Against Women?

What Is The Impact?

What Can We Do To End Violence Together?


Violence against women includes

Violence Against Women Includes:

  • Sexual Assault

  • Violence in Relationships:

    Also called Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse, Family Violence, Battering, Spousal Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence

  • Criminal Harassment or Stalking


How common is violence against women

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

“Violence against women is a persistent and ongoing problem in Canada and around the world. It affects women’s social and economic equality, physical and mental health, well-being and economic security.”

Measuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends 2006

Statistics Canada


How common is violence against women1

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

“Estimating the prevalence of violence against women—the number of women in the population who are affected by

violence—is challenging due to the very private nature of these experiences.”

Measuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends 2006

Statistics Canada


How common is violence against women2

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

“Victims' decisions to report the violence to criminal justice and social services depend on a variety of factors, some of which include fear of the offender, shame and embarrassment, and regional availability of services.”

Measuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends 2006

Statistics Canada


How common is violence against women3

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

  • Almost 40% of women in Canada have been sexually assaulted since age 16

  • Approximately 1 in 3 girls and 1 in 6 boys will experience some form of unwanted sexual contact before they reach 16.

    Dangerous Domains: Violence Against Women in Canada

    Johnson, H., 1996


How common is violence against women4

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

  • 6% of sexual assaults are reported to the police in Canada (E Division, RCMP, 2005)

  • In the year 2000, 24,000 sexual assaults were reported to police in Canada. (Statistics Canada)

  • In the year 2000, 3,700 sexual assaults were reported to police in BC. (Statistics Canada)

  • This means that in the year 2000over 400,000 women in Canadaandover 61,000 women in BCwere sexually assaulted.


How common is violence against women5

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

  • 61% of sexual offences reported to police in 2003 involved victims under 18 years old. About 80% of those victims were girls.

  • In some First Nations communities in BC, over 90% of the women have experienced sexual violence.

  • 53% of women who live with disabilities from birth have been raped, abused or assaulted.

  • As with all forms of violence against women, immigrant women, refugee women, poor women and trans-gendered people are more vulnerable to sexual violence.


How common is violence against women6

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

  • 10,273 incidents of violence in relationships were reported to BC police in 2005:

    • 9% increase since 2004

    • 74% involved a male offender

    • 16% involved a female offender

    • represents 26% of all assaults in BC


How common is violence against women7

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

Number of spousal homicide victims in Canada 1975- 2004

Female Male

Newfoundland and Labrador 15 7

Prince Edward Island 6 1

Nova Scotia 62 24

New Brunswick 52 7

Quebec 497 87

Ontario 753 186

Manitoba 123 48

Saskatchewan 98 59

Alberta 244 97

British Columbia 293 104

Yukon 9 5

Northwest Territories22 11

Nunavut 4 2

Canada 2,178 638


How common is violence against women8

How Common Is Violence Against Women?

  • In 2004:

    • 75% of criminal harassment (“stalking”) incidents reported to the police were directed at women

    • 50% of the women were stalked by a person with whom they had an intimate relationship

    • Stalking is the number one risk factor for actual and attempted murders of women(McFarlane et. Al, 2002)

    • 90% of people reported for stalking are menMeasuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends, Statistics Canada, 2006)

    • Two thirds (66%) of all criminal harassment incidents occurred at the victim’s home.


Why focus on women

Why Focus On Women?

International Agencies such as the United Nations, theWorld Health Organization, and Amnesty International have identified violence against women as aglobal human rights issue.


Why focus on women1

Why Focus On Women?

  • Women are more likely than men to be the victims of the most severe forms of spousal assault, as well as spousal homicide, sexual assault and stalking.

    Measuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends 2006

    Statistics Canada


Why focus on women2

Why Focus on Women?

Women are:

  • 6 times more likely than men to report being sexually assaulted

  • 5 times more likely to require medical attention as a result of assault

  • 3 times more likely to be physically injured

  • Almost twice as likely to report being threatened with or having a gun or knife used against them

  • Much more likely to fear for their lives or the lives of their children

    Spousal Abuse: A Fact Sheet From the Department of Justice Canada


Why focus on women3

Why Focus on Women?

Gender-based violence is perhaps the most wide-spread and socially tolerated of human rights violations.

It both reflects and reinforces inequities between men and women and compromises the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims.

United Nations Population Fund (2005)


What is violence against women sexual assault

What is Violence Against Women?Sexual Assault

  • Any form of sexual contact without a person’s consent, including the threat of sexual contact without consent

  • Can range from unwanted sexual touching to forced sexual intercourse


What is violence against women sexual assault1

What is Violence Against Women?Sexual Assault

  • Level 1: Sexual Assault [s.271]

  • Level 2: Sexual Assault with a Weapon, Threats to a Third Party, or Causing Bodily Harm [s.272]

  • Level 3: Aggravated Sexual Assault [s.273]


What is violence against women sexual assault2

What is Violence Against Women?Sexual Assault


What is violence against women sexual assault3

What is Violence Against Women?Sexual Assault

  • Most of the women killed or seriously injured in the context of sexual violence in recent years have been members of marginalized groups, facing particular barriers that made it harder for them to access critical support systems.


What is violence against women sexual assault4

What is Violence Against Women?Sexual Assault

  • The victims of William Pickton were sex trade workers and drug users, many of whom were Aboriginal women

  • Most of the women who were murdered or have gone missing on Highway 16 are Aboriginal women

  • The women and girls who were victimized by Donald Bakker were Vancouver area sex trade workers and under-age girls in Cambodia


What is violence against women sexual assault5

What is Violence Against Women?Sexual Assault

  • Sex offences are less likely than other violent offences to result in charges against a suspect and adults charged with sex offences are less likley than other violent offenders to be found guilty

  • Sex Trade workers are more at risk of violence and homicide than the general population and their cases are less likely to be solved.

    Kong, Rebecca, Johnson, Holly, Beattie, Sara and Cardillo, Andrea. Sexual Offences in Canada.

    Juristat, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 23:6. (2003).


What is the impact sexual assault

What is the Impact?Sexual Assault

  • Psychological/emotional:

    • Fear of physical injury, mutilation and/or death

    • Anger

    • Humiliation

    • Shame

    • Guilt

    • Shock

    • Sleep disturbances


What is the impact sexual assault1

What is the Impact?Sexual Assault

  • Serious physical injuries

  • Unwanted pregnancies & miscarriages

  • STDs including HIV/AIDS

  • Headaches & fatigue

  • Loss of appetite/nausea


What is the impact sexual assault2

What is the Impact?Sexual Assault

Self Blame

Loss of hope

Minimization/Denial

Loss of a Sense of Esteem

Loss of a Sense of Power

Shattering of World View

Loss of a Sense of Safety & Trust


What is the impact sexual assault3

Addictions

Self-esteem

Self-injury

Suicidal ideation

Fears/anxiety

Physical symptoms

Dissociation experiences

Sexual difficulties

Eating disorders

Emotional difficulties

Sleep disturbances

Relationship issues

Parenting issues

What is the Impact?Sexual Assault


What is the impact sexual assault4

What is the Impact?Sexual Assault

  • A partner may focus on the sexual nature of the crime more than the violent or dangerous aspects

  • Partner may experience feelings of jealousy as a result of the attention and support the survivor receives

  • Partner may experience the following reactions to the sexual assault:

    • Disgust

    • Mistrust

    • Blame

    • Disinterest


What is the impact sexual assault5

What is the Impact?Sexual Assault

Family members may experience:

  • Anger

  • Helplessness

  • Shock

  • Disbelief

  • Guilt

  • Fear

    These may be directed at the survivor


What is violence against women violence in relationships

What is Violence Against Women?Violence In Relationships


Violence in relationships

Violence in Relationships

  • Physical assault: hitting, punching, choking, slapping, pulling hair

  • Sexual assault: any form of forced sexual activity

  • Threats and Intimidation

  • Emotional abuse: insults, intimidation, control, isolation, mind games, put downs

  • Financial abuse: controlling, stealing and withholding money

  • Spiritual/cultural abuse: restricting spiritual or cultural practices or beliefs

  • Murder


Violence in relationships the law

Violence In Relationships – The Law

  • The Canadian Criminal Code has no specific offence called “violence against women” or “spousal assault”.

  • Criminal Code provisions that most commonly apply include the offences of assault, sexual assault, criminal harassment, threats of violence, forcible confinement and homicide.


Violence in relationships policy

Violence In Relationships - Policy

The Criminal Justice System response in BC is guided by:

The Attorney GeneralViolence Against Women In Relationship (VAWIR) Policy

The RCMPViolence In Relationship (VIR) Policy

The Crown CounselSpouse Assault Policy


End violence together for the dignity of every woman

Violence In Relationships

In recent years, there have been a number of dramatic & tragic deaths of women and children as a result of domestic violence:

  • Sherry Heron and Anna Adams in Mission

  • Lorraine Moon in Alert Bay

  • Denise Purdy in Nanaimo

  • In Quatsino, Sonya Handel’s six children were killed by her estranged husband who was troubled and abusive


  • End violence together for the dignity of every woman

    Violence In Relationships

    Barriers often make it difficult for women to access critical support systems. This was the case for all the women involved in the recent domestic violence tragedies:

    - Sherry Heron suffered from physical disabilities related to injuries to her head and pelvis

    - Lorraine Moon was an Aboriginal woman living on reserve

    - Denise Purdy was an immigrant woman of colour

    - Sonya Handel and her children lived in a very isolated rural setting


    End violence together for the dignity of every woman

    Violence In Relationships

    • The experiences of Heron, Moon, Purdy and Handel reflect the reality of many women in our culturally and geographically diverse province & highlight the need to provide pro-active outreach to assist women with disabilities, Aboriginal, immigrant and rural women

    • Coroners’ inquests and/or local inquiries revealed what were missing in all these cases:

      • a coordinated response system

      • a network that could identify and address risk and provide specialized support in a coordinated and productive way involving a variety of systems

    • These BC findings echoes similar inquests outcomes in Ontario


    End violence together for the dignity of every woman

    Violence In Relationships - Pregnancy

    In Canada, 1 In Every 5 Women Assaulted By A Partner Is Assaulted During Pregnancy

    Statistics Canada, Family Violence in Canada, 1999Canadian Women’s Foundation’s Violence Against Women Fact Sheet


    Violence in relationships separation

    Violence In Relationships - Separation

    In Canada:

    · 1,056 intimate partner homicides in a ten year period

    • 846 women killed (80%)

    • 210 men killed (20%)

    • 70% of deaths had a history of domestic violence as noted by police*

    • Family Violence in Canada, A Statistical Profile, 2004

      Statistics Canada


    Violence in relationships children

    Violence In Relationships - Children

    • Death & Injury

      In Quatsino, Jay Handel killed his six children.

    • Witnessing

      Almost 40% of women assaulted by spouses said their children witnessed the violence against them (either directly or indirectly) and in many cases the violence was severe. In half of the cases of spousal violence against women that were witnessed by children, the woman feared for her life.


    What is the impact violence in relationships

    What is the Impact?Violence In Relationships

    • Physical & Psychological Effects

      • Health problems

      • Self-harming behaviours

      • Long-lasting effects

      • More likely to commit suicide

    • Decrease in income

    • Injury/permanent disability

    • Death


    What is the impact violence in relationships1

    What is the Impact?Violence In Relationships

    Children who are exposed to violence in the home suffer from emotional trauma, have poor educational outcomes, and are at increased risk of using violence to solve problems.

    Berman, H., J. Hardesty and J. Humphreys. 2004. Children of abused women.

    In Humphreys, J. and J. Campbell (eds.) Family Violence and Nursing Practice. New York: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins


    What is violence against women criminal harassment

    What is Violence Against Women? Criminal Harassment

    On August 1, 1993, the Criminal Code was amended to create the new offence of criminal harassment. It was introduced as a specific response to violence against women, particularly to domestic violence against women. However, the offence is not restricted to domestic violence and applies equally to all victims of criminal harassment.

    Criminal Harassment: A Handbook For Police And Crown Prosecutors.

    Department of Justice Canada


    What is violence against women criminal harassment1

    What is Violence Against Women? Criminal Harassment

    Examples of Criminal Harassment:

    calling you over and over again, and perhaps hanging up whenever you answer the phone

    contacting you on the Internet or through constant e-mail messages

    following you, your family or friends

    leaving threatening voice messages

    sending you gifts you do not want

    watching you or tracking where you go

    threatening you, your children, family, pets or friends

    Stalking is a Crime Called Criminal Harassment

    Department of Justice Canada


    What is violence against women criminal harassment2

    What is Violence Against Women? Criminal Harassment

    While many crimes are defined by conduct that results in a very clear outcome (for example, murder), criminal harassment generally consists of repeated conduct that is carried out over a period of time and that causes victims to reasonably fear for their safety but does not necessarily result in physical injury.

    Criminal Harassment: A Handbook For Police And Crown Prosecutors.

    Department of Justice Canada


    What is violence against women criminal harassment3

    What is Violence Against Women? Criminal Harassment

    Before 1993, persons who engaged in stalking conduct might have been charged with one or more of the following offences: intimidation (section 423 of the Criminal Code); uttering threats (section 264.1); mischief (section 430); indecent or harassing phone calls (section 372); trespassing at night (section 177); and breach of recognizance (section 811).

    Criminal Harassment: A Handbook For Police And Crown Prosecutors.

    Department of Justice Canada


    What is the impact criminal harassment

    What is the Impact?Criminal Harassment

    Some common responses by victims to the trauma of being stalked include the following:

    self-reproach;

    a tendency to downplay the impact of the stalking;

    interpretation of the stalking as a “private matter”;

    a sense of betrayal and stigma;

    anxiety and fear, due to the unpredictability of the stalker’s conduct;

    feelings of being helpless and unable to control their lives;

    lack of confidence in police, resulting in a failure to report;

    inaction, due to a lack of awareness that the conduct is criminal; and

    denial or embarrassment.

    Criminal Harassment: A Handbook For Police And Crown Prosecutors.

    Department of Justice Canada


    Ending violence together support services

    Ending Violence TogetherSupport Services

    • VictimLINK (1-800-563-0808)

    • Over 400 service programs to assist in violence against women and children including:

      • Community-Based Victim Assistance Programs

      • Stopping The Violence Counselling

      • Outreach Programs

      • Transition Houses

      • Safe Homes

      • Second Stage Housing

      • Children Who Witness Violence

    • Helpline for Children (310-1234)


    Ending violence together support services1

    Ending Violence TogetherSupport Services

    Community Support Services Can Provide Practical Assistance for Survivors:

    • development and/or revision of safety plan

    • assistance with getting copies of court orders

    • explanation of procedures and accompaniment to meetings with police, Crown, etc.

    • assistance in completing forms

    • liaison with systems

    • court accompaniment, accompaniment to sentencing, hearing, if requested

    • assistance with transportation, if requested

    • provision of, or assistance in securing, translation where needed or available


    Ending violence together safety planning

    Ending Violence TogetherSafety Planning

    • Support workers are trained to assist a woman to develop a plan which addresses her unique situation and risks

    • A safety plan is important because it is easier to plan ahead than to plan while dealing with a crisis.

    • Women are able to assess and adapt safety tips from other women who have abusive current and former partners.


    Ending violence together safety planning1

    Ending Violence TogetherSafety Planning

    • Will be different in every situation

    • May change from day to day for a survivor

    • Would take into account lifestyle, culture and challenges

    • A worker can assist with:

      • Identifying potential risks

      • Helping to identify possible strategies

      • Helping to identify possible resources in the community

  • It is important to acknowledge that a survivor is an expert on their own life.


  • Ending violence together coordination

    Ending Violence TogetherCoordination

    “Sexual assault does not fall neatly into the category of a health issue, counselling issue, criminal justice issue or human rights issue – it is all of these. Therefore, no one system alone can provide an effective response to sexual assault. A consultative, coordinated or collaborative response from the health care, counselling and criminal justice systems will have the best chance of meeting the needs of a survivor of sexual assault.”

    Working Together to Respond to Sexual Assault

    Linda Light,June, 2000


    Ending violence together coordination1

    Ending Violence TogetherCoordination

    In rural areas, in particular, where a woman’s access to services may be problematic, the necessity for coordination, and developing and maintaining cooperative relationships between police and community agencies was identified as a priority. (Edelson & Frank, 1991)

    Coordinating Community Responses to Domestic Violence: Lessons from Duluth and Beyond, Sage Publications, 1999


    End violence together for the dignity of every woman

    Ending Violence TogetherCoordination

    This belief in the need for a collaborated approach is echoed by Aboriginal and Immigrant communities

    It is not possible to effectively address violence against women while working in isolation

    Ending Violence Together requires us to work collaboratively


    Resources

    Resources

    • Please feel free to contact us for:

      • More information

      • Support

      • Volunteering your time

      • Making a donation to support our services

    • Insert program/agency information


    Questions

    QUESTIONS


    End violence together

    END VIOLENCE TOGETHER

    FOR THE DIGNITY OF EVERY WOMAN

    Funding for the production of this presentation was provided by the BC Ministry of Community Services and created by the BC Association of Specialized Victim Assistance and Counselling Programs


    Appendix

    Appendix


    Child sexual abuse

    Child Sexual Abuse

    Legally, “child” means anyone under 19

    The Criminal Code of Canada includes the following offenses related to child sexual abuse:

    • Sec. 163 (163.1 – 163.1 (4.1): covers child pornography

    • Bill C-2 also contains numerous other sections pertaining to child prostitution and pornography


    Child abuse

    Child Abuse

    Refers to mistreatment, abuse, or neglect that a child or youth experiences while in the care of someone they either trust or depend on: parent, sibling, other relative, caregiver or guardian


    Child abuse1

    Child Abuse

    Examples include:

    • Physical abuse

    • Sexual abuse & exploitation

    • Neglect

    • Emotional abuse


    Child sexual abuse1

    Child Sexual Abuse

    Legally, “child” means anyone under 19

    The Criminal Code of Canada includes the following offenses related to child sexual abuse:

    • Bill C-2 Sec. 163 (163.1 – 163.1 (4.1): covers child pornography

    • Bill C-2 also contains numerous other sections pertaining to child prostitution and pornography


    Duty to report

    Duty to Report

    Child, Family and Community Service Act:

    • is BC’s child protection legislation

    • Duty to report:

      • where a person has reason to believe that a child needs protection

      • Section 14:

        • anyone with a reason to believe that a child needs protection must report the circumstances to a child protection worker at the Ministry of Children and Family Development (MCFD)


    Duty to report1

    Duty to Report…

    Sec. 13:(refer to the act for a comprehensive list)

    • where the child has been, or is likely to be, sexually abused or exploited by the child’s parent

    • where the child has been, or is likely to be physically harmed, sexually abused, or sexually exploited by someone else and the child’s parent does not protect the child

    • where the child is emotionally harmed by the parent’s conduct

      For reporting purposes, in B.C. a child is anyone who is under 19 years of age

    • Sexual Assault: Victim Service Worker Handbook, Victim Services and Community programs Division, 2005


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