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Commercial Decision Making. Commercial Opns. Need to focus on safety Decisions may not be popular Never base inflight decisions on how it will affect your career. Aeronautical Decision Making. Aeronautical Decision Making.

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Commercial opns
Commercial Opns

  • Need to focus on safety

  • Decisions may not be popular

  • Never base inflight decisions on how it will affect your career



Aeronautical decision making1
Aeronautical Decision Making

  • Systematic approach to the mental process used by pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances


Aeronautical decision making2
Aeronautical Decision Making

  • Aeronautical Decision Making for Commercial Pilots 629.13252 N277c



Decide model1
DECIDE Model

  • Detect


Decide model2
DECIDE Model

  • Detect That a change has occurred


Decide model3
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate


Decide model4
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate The need to counter or react to the change


Decide model5
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose


Decide model6
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose The desired outcome for the success of the flight


Decide model7
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose

  • Identify


Decide model8
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose

  • Identify Actions which can successfully control the change


Decide model9
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose

  • Identify

  • Do


Decide model10
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose

  • Identify

  • Do The necessary action to adapt to the change


Decide model11
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose

  • Identify

  • Do

  • Evaluate


Decide model12
DECIDE Model

  • Detect

  • Estimate

  • Choose

  • Identify

  • Do

  • Evaluate The effect of the action


Decide model13
DECIDE Model

  • Detect That a change has occurred

  • Estimate The need to counter or react

  • Choose A desired outcome

  • Identify Actions that can control the Change

  • Do What necessary to adapt to change

  • Evaluate The effect of the action



Risk management1
Risk Management

  • Relies on situational awareness, problem recognition, and good judgment to reduce risks associated with each flight



Hazardous attitudes1
Hazardous Attitudes

  • Anti-authority


Antidote
Antidote

  • Follow the rules. They are usually right.


Hazardous attitudes2
Hazardous Attitudes

  • Anti-authority

  • Impulsive


Antidote1
Antidote

  • Not so fast. Think first.


Hazardous attitudes3
Hazardous Attitudes

  • Anti-authority

  • Impulsive

  • Invulnerability


Antidote2
Antidote

  • It could happen to me.


Hazardous attitudes4
Hazardous Attitudes

  • Anti-authority

  • Impulsive

  • Invulnerability

  • Machoism


Antidote3
Antidote

  • Taking chances is foolish.


Hazardous attitudes5
Hazardous Attitudes

  • Anti-authority

  • Impulsive

  • Invulnerability

  • Machoism

  • Resignation


Antidote4
Antidote

  • I’m not helpless. I can make a difference.



Right stuff1
“Right Stuff”

  • The basic drive to demonstrate the “right stuff” can have an adverse effect on safety and can impose an unrealistic assessment of piloting skills under stressful conditions



Stress management1
Stress Management

  • Since many of the stress coping techniques practiced for life stress management are not usually practiced in flight, you must condition yourself to relax and think rationally when stress occurs.


Dangerous tendencies
Dangerous Tendencies

  • Peer Pressure

  • Get-there itis

  • Loss of positional or situational awareness

  • Operating without adequate fuel reserves


Pic responsibilities
PIC Responsibilities

  • Flight Operation Manual

  • Operations Specifications

  • Crew Relationships


Pic responsibilities1
PIC Responsibilities

  • Communication

    • Briefings

    • duties PF PNF

    • Checklist

    • Sterile Cockpit Workload Management


Pic responsibilities2
PIC Responsibilities

  • Planning

  • Prioritizing

  • Situation Awareness

  • CFIT


Resource use
Resource Use

  • Internal Resources

    • IFR charts

    • VFR charts

    • Autopilot

    • FO _____Flight Attendants

    • other Crew Members


Resource use1
Resource Use

  • External Resources

    • Dispatch personnel

    • Maintenance technicians

    • Baggage Handlers

    • Gate personnel

    • Flight Service Stations

    • Controllers


CRM

  • LOFT

  • Line Oriented Flight Training


Ga accidents
GA Accidents

  • Accidents Exposure

  • Preflight/Taxi 3.5%

  • Takeoff/Climb 23.4% 2%

  • Climb 3.3% 13%

  • Cruise 15.7% 60%


Ga accidents1
GA Accidents

  • Accidents Exposure

  • Descent 2.6% 10%

  • Maneuvering 13.0% 11%

  • Approach 9.7% 3%

  • Landing 24.1% 1%


Judgment
Judgment

  • Poor judgment chain


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