ADHD Family Therapy Options. By Patti Higgins. ADHD symptoms & diagnosis. ADHD occurs in 3% to 5% of school-aged children and is associated with both concurrent and long-term impairments in academic and social functioning.
By Patti Higgins
ADHD occurs in 3% to 5% of school-aged children and is associated with both concurrent and long-term impairments in academic and social functioning.
Three subtypes have been identified by the DSM-IV. The first refers to the hyperactive type, described as displaying over activity, impulsivity, excessive talking, fidgeting and disruptive behaviors (Rizzo, et al., 2000).
The second type is called the inattentive type, commonly referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD), which is characterized by difficulty in organizing tasks, difficulties with focused attention, forgetfulness, distractibility, trouble listening to or following directions, without symptoms of hyperactivity.
The third type, the combined type, demonstrates symptoms of both the inattentive and hyperactive types (Rizzo et al., 2000).
The Child Behavioral Checklist (CBCL) is completed by parents, teachers or clinicians to measure children’s behavior and emotional problems (Murphy, Conoley & Impara, 1993). The CBCL is highly valid and widely used to distinguish between children with and without behavioral disturbances. It is considered the preferred behavioral rating scale for most research purposes and certain clinical purposes. The CBCL has high internal consistency and reliability problems (Murphy, Conoley & Impara, 1993).