2004 changes to ada aba accessibility guidelines alberto garcia paz lexander reina
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2004 Changes to ADA-ABA Accessibility Guidelines Alberto Garcia-Paz Lexander Reina. U.S. ACCESS BOARD. An independent Federal Agency Develops Updates accessibility guidelines for new or altered facilities covered by ADA, ABA, in both public and private sectors. GUIDELINES BACKGROUND.

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u s access board
U.S. ACCESS BOARD

An independent Federal Agency

  • Develops
  • Updates

accessibility guidelines for new or altered facilities covered by ADA, ABA, in both public and private sectors.

guidelines background
GUIDELINES BACKGROUND
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990
  • The Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) 1968
goals of this update
GOALS OF THIS UPDATE
  • Update specifications to continue to meet the needs of persons with disabilities.
  • Improving the format and usability of the guidelines to facilitate compliance.
  • Harmonizing the guidelines with model building codes and industry standards.
  • Making the requirements for ADA and ABA facilities consistent.
when will the new guidelines take effect
When will the new guidelines take effect?
  • The Board’s guidelines are not mandatory on the public, but instead serve as the baseline for enforceable standards (which are) maintained by other Federal agencies.  In this respect, they are similar to a model building code in that they are not required to be followed except as adopted by an enforcing authority.  Under the ADA, the Department of Justice (and in the case of transit facilities, the Department of Transportation) are responsible for enforceable standards based on the Board’s guidelines.  These agencies will update their ADA standards based on the new guidelines.  In doing so, they will indicate when the new standards are to be followed.  Several other agencies (the General Services Administration, Department of Defense, Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the U.S. Postal Service) hold a similar responsibility for standards used to enforce the ABA.
organization and format
Organization and Format

The updated guidelines feature:

  • a new numbering system consistent with model codes
  • a more streamlined structure and organization of chapters
  • updated scoping and technical provisions, with a greater structural delineation between them
  • new figures and commentary (advisory information)
  • provision of all figure-based information in written text
supplements to adaag
Supplements to ADAAG
  • The Board previously developed supplements to the original ADA guidelines that are specific to different types of facilities and elements:
  • state and local government facilities, including courthouses and prisons (1998)
  • building elements designed for children’s use (1998)
  • play areas (2000)
  • recreation facilities (2002)
  • These supplements are included in the new guidelines.  They have been revised for consistency with the format and approach of the new document, but their substance remains unchanged.
layout of document
Layout of Document

CONTENTS

PART I: ADA APPLICATION AND SCOPING

ADA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION

ADA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

PART II: ABA APPLICATION AND SCOPING

ABA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION

ABA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

PART III: TECHNICAL CHAPTERS

CHAPTER 3: BUILDING BLOCKS

CHAPTER 4: ACCESSIBLE ROUTES

CHAPTER 5: GENERAL SITE AND BUILDING ELEMENTS

CHAPTER 6: PLUMBING ELEMENTS AND FACILITIES

CHAPTER 7: COMMUNICATION ELEMENTS AND FEATURES

CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL ROOMS, SPACES AND ELEMENTS

CHAPTER 9: BUILT-IN ELEMENTS

CHAPTER 10: RECREATION FACILITIES

slide9

CHAPTER 3: BUILDING BLOCKS

301 General

302 Floor or Ground Surfaces

303 Changes in Level

304 Turning Space

305 Clear Floor or Ground Space

306 Knee and Toe Clearance

307 Protruding Objects

308 Reach Ranges

309 Operable Parts

slide13
CHAPTER 4: ACCESSIBLE ROUTES

401 General

402 Accessible Routes

403 Walking Surfaces

404 Doors, Doorways, and Gates

405 Ramps

406 Curb Ramps

407 Elevators

408 Limited Use/ Limited Application Elevators

409 Private Residence Elevators

410 Platform Lifts

slide18
Advisory 405.7 Landings. Ramps that do not have level landings at changes in direction can create a compound slope that will not meet the requirements of this document. Circular or curved ramps continually change direction. Curvilinear ramps with small radii also can create compound cross slopes and cannot, by their nature, meet the requirements for accessible routes. A level landing is needed at the accessible door to permit maneuvering and simultaneously door operation.
slide20

410.6 Doors and Gates. Platform lifts shall have low-energy power-operated doors or gates complying with 404.3. Doors shall remain open for 20 seconds minimum. End doors and gates shall provide a clear width 32 inches (815 mm) minimum. Side doors and gates shall provide a clear width 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum.

  • EXCEPTION: Platform lifts serving two landings maximum and having doors or gates on opposite sides shall be permitted to have self-closing manual doors or gates.
slide21
CHAPTER 5: GENERAL SITE AND BUILDING ELEMENTS

501 General

502 Parking Spaces

503 Passenger Loading Zones

504 Stairways

505 Handrails

slide25

Advisory 505.4 Height. The requirements for stair and ramp handrails in this document are for adults. When children are the principle users in a building or facility (e.g., elementary schools), a second set of handrails at an appropriate height can assist them and aid in preventing accidents. A maximum height of 28 inches (710 mm) measured to the top of the gripping surface from the ramp surface or stair nosing is recommended for handrails designed for children. Sufficient vertical clearance between upper and lower handrails, 9 inches (230 mm) minimum, should be provided to help prevent entrapment.

slide26
CHAPTER 6: PLUMBING ELEMENTS AND FACILITIES

601 General

602 Drinking Fountains

603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms

604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments

605 Urinals

606 Lavatories and Sinks

607 Bathtubs

608 Shower Compartments

609 Grab Bars

610 Seats

611 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers

612 Saunas and Steam Rooms

hand held shower heads
Hand Held Shower Heads

607.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water.

A shower spray unit with a hose 59 inches (1500 mm) long minimum that can be used both as a fixed-position shower head and as a hand-held shower shall be provided. The shower spray unit shall have an on/off control with a non-positive shut-off. If an adjustable-height shower head on a vertical bar is used, the bar shall be installed so as not to obstruct the use of grab bars. Bathtub shower spray units shall deliver water that is 120°F (49°C) maximum.

slide33
CHAPTER 7: COMMUNICATION ELEMENTS AND FEATURES

701 General

702 Fire Alarm Systems

703 Signs

704 Telephones

705 Detectable Warnings

706 Assistive Listening Systems

707 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines

708 Two-Way Communication Systems

slide34
CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL ROOMS, SPACES, AND ELEMENTS

801 General

802 Wheelchair Spaces, Companion Seats, and Designated Aisle Seats

803 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms

804 Kitchens and Kitchenettes

805 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities

806 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms

807 Holding Cells and Housing Cells

808 Courtrooms

809 Residential Dwelling Units

810 Transportation Facilities

811 Storage

slide37

CHAPTER 9: BUILT-IN ELEMENTS

901 General

902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces

903 Benches

904 Check-Out Aisles and Sales and Service Counters

slide38

CHAPTER 10: RECREATION FACILITIES

1001 General

1002 Amusement Rides

1003 Recreational Boating Facilities

1004 Exercise Machines and Equipment

1005 Fishing Piers and Platforms

1006 Golf Facilities

1007 Miniature Golf Facilities

1008 Play Areas

1009 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas

1010 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions

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