Bladder Management
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Bladder Management. Female Urinary System. kidney renal pelvis ureter bladder urethra. Male Urinary System. kidney renal pelvis ureter bladder urethra.

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Bladder Management

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Bladder management

Bladder Management


Female urinary system

Female Urinary System

kidney

renal pelvis

ureter

bladder

urethra


Bladder management

Male Urinary System

kidney

renal pelvis

ureter

bladder

urethra


Bladder management

After spinal cord injury the brain cannot receive messages from the bladder when it is full. The ability to control the muscles that operate the bladder is also lost.

Why do you need to look after your bladder after Spinal Cord Injury?

brain

Cervical

spinal cord

Thoracic

Lumbar

bladder

Sacral


Bladder management

Why learn about bladder care?

  • Because you need to:

  • avoid accidents

  • achieve complete emptying of your bladder

  • avoid infections

  • keep healthy

How to keep your bladder healthy

  • drink 2-3 litres fluid in 24 hours

  • avoid blocked catheters and constipation by drinking all through the day

  • ask your nurse to change your catheter every 4-6 weeks


Bladder management

There are 4 different ways of emptying your bladder after spinal cord injury.

  • Indwelling Catheter

  • Suprapubic catheter

  • Intermittent catheter

  • Urinary Sheath

Your consultant will discuss with you the best method that suits your ability and lifestyle. However, bladder management should be reviewed when you return to the hospital for check-up appointments.


Bladder management

Catheters


Bladder management

Female Indwelling Catheter

Urine flows down through the catheter to empty the bladder of urine


Bladder management

Male Indwelling Catheter

Urine flows down through the catheter to empty the bladder of urine


Supra pubic catheter site

Supra Pubic catheter site

tummy button


Bladder management

Intermittent Catheters

This picture shows a woman using an intermittent catheter

intermittent catheters


Bladder management

Intermittent Catheters

This picture shows a man using an intermittent catheter

intermittent catheters


Bladder management

Different types of Urinary Sheath


Bladder management

If you leak urine these are some things to check:

  • Check your catheter. Is it blocked?

  • Have you stopped taking tablets for your bladder?

  • Are you constipated?

  • Have you got a urine infection?

  • Have you increased your drinks but not the amount of times you empty your bladder?

You may have a urine infection if you:

  • have dark, concentrated smelly urine

  • are leaking urine

  • have increased spasm

  • have a high temperature

  • have pain in your bladder

  • have blood in urine

If you have a urine infection, increase your drinks, especially water


Bladder management

  • If the infection continues:

  • You will need to send a urine specimen to your doctor. You can ask your nurse or carer to help you if you need this. It is useful to keep spare specimen bottles at home.

  • Your doctor may give you antibiotic tablets to take. Make sure you take the correct number of tablets. Read the label on the packet if you are unsure. Make sure that you complete the course of tablets.

Who can help you?

Your carer

Telephone number:

Your district nurse

Telephone number:

Your GP

Telephone number:

Spinal Outpatient Team

Telephone number: 01296 315828 or 01296 315829


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