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Technological University of the Philippines. College of Engineering. TOPIC PRESENTATION. FOR THE DEGREE MASTER of SCIENCE in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. M ARY ROSE F. S.COBAR MSME. TOPIC NO. 1. GENERAL SUBJECT AREA. Assessment and Life Cycle Analysis of Bioethanol as Source of Hydrogen.

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TOPIC PRESENTATION

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Topic presentation

Technological University of the Philippines

College of Engineering

TOPIC PRESENTATION

FOR THE DEGREE

MASTER of SCIENCE

in

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

MARY ROSE F. S.COBAR

MSME

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

TOPIC NO. 1

GENERAL SUBJECT AREA

Assessment and Life Cycle Analysis of Bioethanol as Source of Hydrogen

SPECIFIC TOPIC

Bioethanol from Water Hyacinth as source of Hydrogen by Transient Conversion

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

INTRODUCTION

Utilization of renewable energy sources such as aquatic biomass, considered as a waterways pest, offers environmental benefits in the long term while providing a new source of energy option to an industry dependent on fossil and food grade fuels. The main source of ethanol are sugar and corn with sorghum in the interim which competes with the food chain resources, thereby affecting food supply and prices.

Low value crops such as wild grass (talahib) and aquatic plants such as water hyacinth can be an alternative source of ethanol feedstock that has poor food value.

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

Hydrogen as fuel derived from biomass is still in the introductory phase as far as the Philippine energy sector is concerned, being in the tail end of the research paradigm due to financial constraints and political priorities.

Hydrogen is highly flammable and must be stored under great pressure and fuel cells as medium to convert for practical use are but one of the constraints since a requisite of fuel cell technology is to have an industry that can locally develop the architecture needed for the structure undertaking to succeed in harnessing this type of green energy source.

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Water hyacinth (Eichhorniacrassipes) is a fast growing perennial plant widely distributed especially in the tropical regions and can cause infestations over large areas of water resources that lead to a series of problems that has been counteracted by using the water hyacinth’s potentials in a variety of applications such as in paper production and crafts and lately in the extraction of ethanol. On the other hand, the main problem of hydrogen, that can be made from biomass gasification or natural gas, is storage due to its flammability. Ethanol from water hyacinth can be an alternative hydrogen storage medium due to its molecularly bonded hydrogen and steam reforming to release the hydrogen for use by the fuel cell.

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

GENERAL OBJECTIVE

This research study aims to assess the capability of ethanol from water hyacinth to be the storage medium of hydrogen aside from producing hydrogen without the use of gasification methods.

SCOPE and LIMITATIONS

The study will use secondary data and extraction methods of ethanol from water hyacinth and design and simulation on the reaction between hydrogen and ethanol and for the combination’s fuel cell architecture.

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS

Books and journals

Simulation software program

Chemical laboratory and raw materials for extraction

Internet sources

EXPECTED OUTPUT

Ethanol from water hyacinth

Design of fuel cell and simulation of ethanol and hydrogen production

Documentation of output

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

TOPIC NO. 2

GENERAL SUBJECT AREA

Evaluation and Resource Assessment of Off-shore Wind Energy Combined with Ocean Thermal Conversion System

SPECIFIC TOPIC

Design of off-shore wind energy system for the Philippine setting and combining with an ocean thermal conversion mechanism to maximize output

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

INTRODUCTION

The power system integration of off shore wind power is challenged by its variability and limited predictabilityand combining an ocean thermal conversion system to offset these characteristics is the subject of this research study that aims to maximize the potential of this area of renewable energy source. At present, the Philippines has an onshore wind energy facility and as such could createthe necessary onshore and offshore infrastructure should be considered for the purpose of increasing renewable energy sources, reducing carbon emissions and improving the interconnection capability of the power grid.

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RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Wind is created by the heating and cooling of air, therefore an indirect form of solar energy. Wind speed is the speed at which air flows relative to the earth’s surface. Wind power is the amount of energy that can be derived from the wind and the resource for offshore wind turbine installation is largest where the water depth is relatively shallow and a good tidal range exists and the environmental impact of offshore wind farms is considerably reduced compared with those onshore with the exception of localized disturbance of the seabed.

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

The economy of wind power operation depends partly on the total amount of electricity produced by the wind turbines and to the installation and operating costs. The incorporation of an ocean thermal conversion system with the offshore array is a means of providing a back-up supply of power and a means of harnessing the full potential of available energy that the area could provide.

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

GENERAL OBJECTIVE

To evaluate data gathered on the feasibility of combining an off shore wind power generating facility and an ocean thermal energy conversion system.

SCOPE and LIMITATIONS

The study will use data gathered about off shore wind and ocean thermal energy systems that will include the latest technology and the applicability to the Philippine setting. The proposed design and simulation of an offshore wind power system will be based on the selected site or local area.

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS

Books and journals

Simulation software program

Data from PAGASA about the Philippine wind regime and coastal currents

Internet sources

EXPECTED OUTPUT

Design of an appropriate offshore wind energy structure and OTEC system based on Philippine conditions

Simulation of design according to local conditions

Documentation of output

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


Topic presentation

RM 513 TOPIC PRESENTATION by MRFSC


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