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Stating Your Age Counters Using a Number Phrase in a Sentence

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Class Session 8a Chapter 5. Stating Your Age Counters Using a Number Phrase in a Sentence Using takusan and sukoshi to Express Quantity Question Words with Counters. Stating Your Age. To ask someone’s age: nan-sai desu ka. (nan-sai , what age? How old? )

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Presentation Transcript
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Class Session 8a

Chapter 5

  • Stating Your Age
  • Counters
  • Using a Number Phrase in a Sentence
  • Using takusan and sukoshi to Express Quantity
  • Question Words with Counters

Japanese 1100-L08a-07-08-2012

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Stating Your Age

  • To ask someone’s age:
  • nan-sai desu ka. (nan-sai , what age? How old?)
  • o-ikutsu desu ka. (more polite) (ikutsu, how many? how old?)
  • To say your age, add the counter sai after the number:
    • ni-jū-sai desu. (二十歳, hatachi)
    • (I am) 20.
    • ni-jū-go-sai desu.
    • (I am) 25.

Japanese 1100-L08a-07-08-2012

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Counters

  • The Japanese use a complicated counter system for enumerating things (similar to
  • the use of counters in English: a herd of cows, a flock of sheep, a gaggle of geese)
  • The counter system was borrowed from Chinese, along with the numbers
  • There is a different counter that varies according to the size, shape and type of
  • item being counted
  • There are about 240 different counters for things
  • Some of the counters cause minor sound changes or exceptional pronunciations
  • This lesson introduces several common counters
  • mai – for counting flat things (sheets of paper, tickets, towels, etc.
  • hon – for long cylindrical things (pens, bananas, cigarettes, bottles of beer, etc.)
  • nin – for people
  • tsu – for medium-size items1
  • -----------------------------------------------
  • 1This is an unusual treatment of native Japanese numbers

Japanese 1100-L08a-07-08-2012

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Counters - Form and Pronunciation

(p81 of textbook)

Number Flat Item Cylindrical Item People Medium-size Items1

1 ichi-mai ip-ponhito-ri hito-tsu

2 ni-mai ni-hon futa-rifuta-tsu

3 san-mai san-bon san-nin mit-tsu

4 yon-mai yon-hon yon-nin yot-tsu

5 go-mai go-hon go-nin itsu-tsu

6 roku-mai rop-pon roku-nin mut-tsu

7 shichi-mai nana-hon shichi-nin nana-tsu

8 hachi-mai hap-pon hachi-nin yat-tsu

9 kyū-mai kyū-hon kyū-nin kokono-tsu

10 jū-mai jup-pon jū-nin tō

-------------------------------------------

1 These are really the native Japanese words for the numbers 1-10.

Japanese 1100-L08a-07-08-2012

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Using a Number Phrase in a Sentence

  • When using a number phrase in a sentence, place it after the item (and particle)
  • the number refers to:
  • watashi wa ane ga futa-ri imasu.
  • I have two older sisters.
  • watashi wa ane ga futari to, ani ga hito-ri to, otōto ga hito-ri imasu.
  • I have two older sisters, one older brother, and one younger brother.
  • When using the –tsu counters (native Japanese numbers), there are two ways to express the number of things :
  • enpitsu ga futatsu arimasu. There are two pencils.
  • futatsu no enpitsu ga arimasu. There are two pencils.
  • You can always use this method if you do not know the counter word

Japanese 1100-L08a-07-08-2012

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Using takusan and sukoshi to Express Quantity (pp82-83)

  • Instead of using a number phrase there are two words you can use to express both
  • amount and quantity for both countable and uncountable items:
  • takusan (a large amount, a large quantity)
  • sukoshi (a small amount, small quantity)
  • Place the word where you would normally see the number
  • Examples:
    • kukkii ga takusan arimasu. kēki mo sukoshi arimasu.
    • There are a lot of cookies. There are some cakes too.
    • watashi wa chūgoku-jin no tomodachi ga takusan imasu.
    • I have many Chinese friends.
    • kankoku-jin no tomodachi mo sukoshi imasu.
    • I also have some Korean friends.
    • sūgaku no shukudai ga takusan arimasu. eigo no shukudai mo sukoshi arimasu.
    • I have a lot of math homework. I also have some English homework.

Japanese 1100-L08a-07-08-2012

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Question Words with Counters

  • To ask the quantity or amount of some items, you can use the question word
  • nan (from nani) with the appropriate counter:
  • nan-mai how many (flat items)?
  • nan-bon how many (cylindrical items)?
  • nan-nin how many (people)?
  • iku-tsu how many?
  • Examples:
  • kono hako no naka ni origami ga nan-mai arimasu ka.
  • How many sheets of orgiami paper are there in this box?
  • gakusei ga nan-ni imasu ka.
  • How many students are there?
  • kyō wa kurasu ga ikutsu arimasu ka.
  • How many classes do you have today?

Japanese 1100-L08a-07-08-2012

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