Phrase fragments
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Phrase Fragments. What is a phrase?. A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject and a verb, and that is used as a single part of speech. Remember the parts of speech are: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs, Adjectives, Prepositions, Conjunctions and Interjections

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Phrase Fragments

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Phrase fragments

Phrase Fragments


What is a phrase

What is a phrase?

A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject and a verb, and that is used as a single part of speech.

  • Remember the parts of speech are: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs, Adjectives, Prepositions, Conjunctions and Interjections

  • Phrases act as though they are a separate part of speech.


Three types of phrases

Three Types of Phrases

  • Sometimes phrases are accidentally mistaken for being complete sentences.

  • There are three types:

    • Verbals

    • Appositives

    • Prepositional


Verbal phrases

Verbal Phrases

  • A verbal is a verb that is used as another part of speech.

    • Some verbals end in –ing, -d, or –ed and do not have a helping verb (is, were, have, etc.) OR have the word “to” in front of the base verb.

  • A verbal phrase is a phrase that contains a verbal. By itself, it is a fragment because it does not express a complete thought.

    • Examples:

      Learning about the violin.

      To go to the store.


Appositive phrases

Appositive Phrases

  • An appositive is a word that identifies or explains the noun or pronoun it follows.

    • Example: Our house, a brick bungalow, is on State Street.

  • An appositive phrase, is a phrase made up of an appositive and its modifiers, is always a fragment. Appositive phrases cannot stand alone!

    • Example: A twenty-five-year-old soldier.


Prepositional phrase

Prepositional Phrase

  • Prepositional Phrases are groups of words that start with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun. These phrases cannot stand alone because they do not express a complete thought.

    • Example: On the battlefield.

  • Prepositions are words that show location.

    • Examples: with, in, over, under, around, etc.


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