The Imperialist Taylor. IMPERIALISM. THE POLICY OF POWERFUL COUNTRIES THAT SEEK TO CONTROL THE ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL AFFAIRS OF WEAKER COUNTRIES OR REGIONS. ECONOMICS – EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WANTED RAW MATERIALS AND CONSUMERS FOR THEIR PRODUCTS DUTY – MANY EUROPEANS BELIEVED THAT IT WAS
The Imperialist Taylor
ECONOMICS– EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WANTED RAW MATERIALS AND CONSUMERS FOR THEIR PRODUCTS
DUTY– MANY EUROPEANS BELIEVED THAT IT WAS
THEIR DUTY TO SPREAD CHRISTIANITY AND CULTURE
TO OTHER “BACKWARD” PEOPLE.
COMPETITION– EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WANTED TO TAKE
OVER AN AREA BEFORE THEIR COMPETITORS WERE ABLE TO
TAKE UP THE WHITE MAN'S BURDEN--SEND FORTH THE BEST YE BREED--GO BIND YOUR SONS TO EXILE TO SERVE YOUR CAPTIVES' NEED;TO WAIT IN HEAVY HARNESS, ON FLUTTERED FOLK AND WILD--YOUR NEW-CAUGHT, SULLEN PEOPLES, HALF-DEVIL AND HALF-CHILD.TAKE UP THE WHITE MAN'S BURDEN--IN PATIENCE TO ABIDE,TO VEIL THE THREAT OF TERROR AND CHECK THE SHOW OF PRIDE;BY OPEN SPEECH AND SIMPLE ,AN HUNDRED TIMES MADE PLAINTO SEEK ANOTHER'S PROFIT ,AND WORK ANOTHER'S GAIN.
WEALTHY AMERICAN PLANTERS, SUCH AS SANFORD DOLE, FORCED THE HAWAIIAN KING, KALAKAUA, TO ADOPT A NEW CONSTITUTION, GIVING MORE CONTROL OF THE KINGDOM TO THE PLANTERS.
FOR EXAMPLE,FOREIGNERS HAD THE RIGHT TO VOTE, BUT MOST NATIVE HAWAIIANS COULD NOT.
IN 1891, QUEEN LILIUOKALANI BECAME THE LEADER OF HAWAII AND ATTEMPTED TO RESTORE THE KINGDOM’S INDEPENDENCE.
“I yield to the superior force of the United States of America…To avoid any collision of armed forces and perhaps the loss of life, I do this under protest, and impelled by said force, yield my authority.”
LILI’UOKALANI, LETTER TO THE U.S. GOVERNMENT, 1893.
HOWEVER, U.S. MARINES FORCED QUEEN LILIUOKALANI TO SURRENDER AT GUNPOINT.
ON POINTS OF BAYONETS SOLDIERS ARE HOLDING UP A ROUND PLATFORM UPON WHICH SITS A CARICATURE OF LILI'UOKALANI, FEATHERS IN HER HAIR, CROWN ASKEW, BAREFOOT, HOLDING A PAPER READING "SCANDALOUS GOVERNMENT", AND "GROSS IMMORALITY".
SANFORD DOLE BECAME THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE “REPUBLIC OF HAWAII”.
THE STATE WAS ADMITTED TO THE UNION ON
AUGUST 21, 1959
President Sanford Dole and U.S. Minister Harold M.Sewallat the annexation ceremony on Aug. 12, 1898,fronting IolaniPalace.
RIVALRY IN CHINA
More than 135 adult Protestant missionaries and fifty-three Western children were killed by the Boxers in 1900.
G. B. FARTHING WAS AN ENGLISH BAPTIST MISSIONARY KILLED BY THE BOXERS WITH HIS FAMILY IN 1900.
A DETERMINED UNCLE SAM HAS DONNED TWO NAVAL SHIPS AS BOXING GLOVES, PROVOKING THE CHINESE REBEL, WHOSE KNIFE DRIPS WITH BLOOD, INTO A WIDE-EYED GRIMACE OF FEAR.
Allies during the Boxer Rebellion, with their naval flags, from left to right: Italy, United States, France, Austria-Hungary, Japan, Germany, United Kingdom, Russia.(Japanese print, 1900.)
IN RESPONSE, AN INTERNATIONAL ARMY CRUSHED THE REBELLION.
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
SIMMERING UNREST IN CUBA
CUBANS LAUNCHED A SERIES OF REVOLTS AGAINST SPAIN BEGINNING IN 1868, WHICH SPAIN REACTED TO BY EXILING REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS.
JOSÉ MARTI MOVED TO NEW YORK CITY IN 1878, CONTINUING TO AGITATE FOR CUBAN INDEPENDENCE THROUGH NEWSPAPER ARTICLES AND POETRY.
MARTI RETURNED TO CUBA TO PARTICIPATE IN A REVOLT IN FEBRUARY 1895 BUT WAS KILLED, BECOMING A HERO INSTANTLY.
SPANISH GENERAL VALERIANO WEYLER USED RUTHLESS TACTICS TO SUPPRESS THE REVOLT, FURTHER ANGERING CUBANS AND SWAYING AMERICAN SENTIMENT TO THE SIDE OF THE REBELS.
AMERICANS GET WAR FEVER
NEWSPAPERS REPORTED THE UPRISING WITH DRAMATIC HEADLINES AND ARTICLES.“You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war William Randolph Hearst
A LETTER WRITTEN BY THE SPANISH MINISTER TO THE U.S., ENRIQUE DUPUY DE LOOME, WHICH RIDICULED PRESIDENT MCKINLEY, WAS PUBLISHED BY THE NEW YORK JOURNAL.
THE BATTLESHIP USS MAINE BLEW UP IN HAVANA HARBOR, KILLING 260 AMERICAN SAILORS.
ALTHOUGH THERE WAS NO PROOF, THE EXPLOSION WAS BLAMED ON A SPANISH MINE, GALVANIZING U.S. SUPPORT FOR WAR WITH SPAIN.
HOW DID IT LEAD TO WAR?
Future President Theodore Roosevelt sent Commodore George Dewey orders to prepare for war against Spain.
Dewey engaged the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay.
Steel- and iron-hulled U.S. ships helped to defeat the Spaniards.
Filipino rebels, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, had already been fighting Spain.
Surrounded by Dewey (at sea) and Aguinaldo (on land), Spanish forces surrendered.
U.S. War Department was unprepared for war in Cuba.
American strategy was to control the port city of Santiago.
Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders helped gain control of the city at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
The U.S. Navy sank the entire Spanish fleet off the coast of Cuba.