The Imperialist Taylor
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The Imperialist Taylor. IMPERIALISM. THE POLICY OF POWERFUL COUNTRIES THAT SEEK TO CONTROL THE ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL AFFAIRS OF WEAKER COUNTRIES OR REGIONS. ECONOMICS – EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WANTED RAW MATERIALS AND CONSUMERS FOR THEIR PRODUCTS DUTY – MANY EUROPEANS BELIEVED THAT IT WAS

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The Imperialist Taylor

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The imperialist taylor

The Imperialist Taylor


The imperialist taylor

IMPERIALISM

THE POLICY OF POWERFUL COUNTRIES THAT SEEK TO CONTROL THE ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL AFFAIRS OF WEAKER COUNTRIES OR REGIONS.

ECONOMICS– EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WANTED RAW MATERIALS AND CONSUMERS FOR THEIR PRODUCTS

DUTY– MANY EUROPEANS BELIEVED THAT IT WAS

THEIR DUTY TO SPREAD CHRISTIANITY AND CULTURE

TO OTHER “BACKWARD” PEOPLE.

COMPETITION– EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WANTED TO TAKE

OVER AN AREA BEFORE THEIR COMPETITORS WERE ABLE TO

REASONS


Rudyard kipling the white man s burden 1899

Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden (1899)

TAKE UP THE WHITE MAN'S BURDEN--SEND FORTH THE BEST YE BREED--GO BIND YOUR SONS TO EXILE TO SERVE YOUR CAPTIVES' NEED;TO WAIT IN HEAVY HARNESS, ON FLUTTERED FOLK AND WILD--YOUR NEW-CAUGHT, SULLEN PEOPLES, HALF-DEVIL AND HALF-CHILD.TAKE UP THE WHITE MAN'S BURDEN--IN PATIENCE TO ABIDE,TO VEIL THE THREAT OF TERROR AND CHECK THE SHOW OF PRIDE;BY OPEN SPEECH AND SIMPLE ,AN HUNDRED TIMES MADE PLAINTO SEEK ANOTHER'S PROFIT ,AND WORK ANOTHER'S GAIN.


Objectives

OBJECTIVES:

  • WHAT MAJOR FACTORS DROVE IMPERIALISM?

  • HOW DID THE UNITED STATES ACQUIRE HAWAII?

  • WHAT WAS THE U.S. ROLE IN CHINA?

  • HOW DID JAPAN BECOME A WORLD POWER?


Factors that drove imperialism

FACTORS THAT DROVE IMPERIALISM

  • THE NEED FOR MARKETS

  • THE NEED FOR RAW MATERIALS

  • THE DESIRE FOR POWER

  • THE DESIRE FOR PRESTIGE


Acquisition of hawaii

ACQUISITION OF HAWAII

  • American missionaries arrived in the 1820s and by the 1870s, Americans controlled most of the land and trade.

  • In 1875, Hawaiian sugar was exempted from U.S. tariffs, but in 1876, the U.S. demanded Pearl Harbor in exchange for tax-free status.

  • In 1887, King Kalakaua was forced to sign the Bayonet Constitution.

  • In 1893, supporters of annexation overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy and proclaimed Hawaii a U.S. protectorate.

  • U.S. annexed Hawaii in 1898.


The imperialist taylor

WEALTHY AMERICAN PLANTERS, SUCH AS SANFORD DOLE, FORCED THE HAWAIIAN KING, KALAKAUA, TO ADOPT A NEW CONSTITUTION, GIVING MORE CONTROL OF THE KINGDOM TO THE PLANTERS.

FOR EXAMPLE,FOREIGNERS HAD THE RIGHT TO VOTE, BUT MOST NATIVE HAWAIIANS COULD NOT.

King Kalakaua

Sanford Dole


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IN 1891, QUEEN LILIUOKALANI BECAME THE LEADER OF HAWAII AND ATTEMPTED TO RESTORE THE KINGDOM’S INDEPENDENCE.


The imperialist taylor

“I yield to the superior force of the United States of America…To avoid any collision of armed forces and perhaps the loss of life, I do this under protest, and impelled by said force, yield my authority.”

LILI’UOKALANI, LETTER TO THE U.S. GOVERNMENT, 1893.

HOWEVER, U.S. MARINES FORCED QUEEN LILIUOKALANI TO SURRENDER AT GUNPOINT.


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ON POINTS OF BAYONETS SOLDIERS ARE HOLDING UP A ROUND PLATFORM UPON WHICH SITS A CARICATURE OF LILI'UOKALANI, FEATHERS IN HER HAIR, CROWN ASKEW, BAREFOOT, HOLDING A PAPER READING "SCANDALOUS GOVERNMENT", AND "GROSS IMMORALITY".


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SANFORD DOLE BECAME THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE “REPUBLIC OF HAWAII”.

THE STATE WAS ADMITTED TO THE UNION ON

AUGUST 21, 1959

President Sanford Dole and U.S. Minister Harold M.Sewallat the annexation ceremony on Aug. 12, 1898,fronting IolaniPalace.


U s role in china

U.S. ROLE IN CHINA

  • PROMOTED THE OPEN DOOR POLICY

  • HELPED OTHER FOREIGN COUNTRIES PUT DOWN THE BOXER REBELLION

  • PRESSURED FOREIGN POWERS TO OBSERVE OPEN TRADE THROUGHOUT CHINA AND PRESERVE CHINA’S RIGHT TO RULE ITS OWN TERRITORY


Steps that led japan to become a world power

STEPS THAT LED JAPAN TO BECOME A WORLD POWER

  • AGREED TO WESTERN DEMANDS FOR TRADE

  • INDUSTRIALIZED RAPIDLY

  • BUILT UP ITS ARMY AND NAVY

  • ATTACKED RUSSIA IN 1904

  • NEGOTIATED A PEACE TREATY WITH RUSSIA


The imperialist taylor

RIVALRY IN CHINA

  • CHINA WAS TOO WEAK TO FIGHT OFF FOREIGN INVADERS.

  • - IN THE LATE 1800’S, BRITAIN, FRANCE, GERMANY, RUSSIA, AND JAPAN TOOK OVER SECTIONS OF CHINA CALLED

  • THE U.S. WAS AFRAID THEY WOULD BE CUT OUT OF THE TRADE WITH CHINA.

  • THE U.S. ISSUED THE OPEN DOOR POLICY, SAYING THAT ANY NATION COULD TRADE IN ANY NATION’S SPHERE OF INFLUENCE.


The imperialist taylor

Boxer Rebellion

  • ANGRY CHINESE, CALLED BOXERS, ATTACKED AND KILLED OVER 200 FOREIGNERS.

  • Read Text page 330

  • CHINESE BOXER, 1900


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More than 135 adult Protestant missionaries and fifty-three Western children were killed by the Boxers in 1900.

G. B. FARTHING WAS AN ENGLISH BAPTIST MISSIONARY KILLED BY THE BOXERS WITH HIS FAMILY IN 1900.


The imperialist taylor

A DETERMINED UNCLE SAM HAS DONNED TWO NAVAL SHIPS AS BOXING GLOVES, PROVOKING THE CHINESE REBEL, WHOSE KNIFE DRIPS WITH BLOOD, INTO A WIDE-EYED GRIMACE OF FEAR.


The imperialist taylor

Allies during the Boxer Rebellion, with their naval flags, from left to right: Italy, United States, France, Austria-Hungary, Japan, Germany, United Kingdom, Russia.(Japanese print, 1900.)

IN RESPONSE, AN INTERNATIONAL ARMY CRUSHED THE REBELLION.


The imperialist taylor

THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR

  • OBJECTIVES

  • HOW DID SIMMERING UNREST IN CUBA LEAD TO REBELLION?

  • WHY DID AMERICANS GET WAR FEVER?

  • WHAT HAPPENED IN THE COURSE OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR?

  • WHY WAS ANNEXING THE PHILIPPINES CONTROVERSIAL?


The imperialist taylor

SIMMERING UNREST IN CUBA

CUBANS LAUNCHED A SERIES OF REVOLTS AGAINST SPAIN BEGINNING IN 1868, WHICH SPAIN REACTED TO BY EXILING REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS.

JOSÉ MARTI MOVED TO NEW YORK CITY IN 1878, CONTINUING TO AGITATE FOR CUBAN INDEPENDENCE THROUGH NEWSPAPER ARTICLES AND POETRY.

MARTI RETURNED TO CUBA TO PARTICIPATE IN A REVOLT IN FEBRUARY 1895 BUT WAS KILLED, BECOMING A HERO INSTANTLY.

SPANISH GENERAL VALERIANO WEYLER USED RUTHLESS TACTICS TO SUPPRESS THE REVOLT, FURTHER ANGERING CUBANS AND SWAYING AMERICAN SENTIMENT TO THE SIDE OF THE REBELS.


The imperialist taylor

AMERICANS GET WAR FEVER

NEWSPAPERS REPORTED THE UPRISING WITH DRAMATIC HEADLINES AND ARTICLES.“You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war William Randolph Hearst

A LETTER WRITTEN BY THE SPANISH MINISTER TO THE U.S., ENRIQUE DUPUY DE LOOME, WHICH RIDICULED PRESIDENT MCKINLEY, WAS PUBLISHED BY THE NEW YORK JOURNAL.

THE BATTLESHIP USS MAINE BLEW UP IN HAVANA HARBOR, KILLING 260 AMERICAN SAILORS.

ALTHOUGH THERE WAS NO PROOF, THE EXPLOSION WAS BLAMED ON A SPANISH MINE, GALVANIZING U.S. SUPPORT FOR WAR WITH SPAIN.


Slide analysis judge cartoon

Slide Analysis: Judge Cartoon


Sinking of the maine in havana harbor

Sinking of the Maine in Havana Harbor

  • USS MAINE EXPLODES IN HAVANA, CUBA HARBOR,

  • MOST AMERICANS BELIEVE IT WAS SPAIN’S FAULT

  • 1976 US NAVY ANALYZED THE SUNKEN SHIP, DECIDED THAT THE HULL BLEW OUT NOT IN

HOW DID IT LEAD TO WAR?

  • “SPARK” THAT STARTED THE WAR

  • “REMEMBER THE MAINE! TO HELL WITH SPAIN!”


The course of the war

The Philippines

Future President Theodore Roosevelt sent Commodore George Dewey orders to prepare for war against Spain.

Dewey engaged the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay.

Steel- and iron-hulled U.S. ships helped to defeat the Spaniards.

Filipino rebels, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, had already been fighting Spain.

Surrounded by Dewey (at sea) and Aguinaldo (on land), Spanish forces surrendered.

Cuba

U.S. War Department was unprepared for war in Cuba.

American strategy was to control the port city of Santiago.

Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders helped gain control of the city at the Battle of San Juan Hill.

The U.S. Navy sank the entire Spanish fleet off the coast of Cuba.

THE COURSE OF THE WAR


Teddy roosevelt

Teddy Roosevelt


Rough riders

Rough Riders

  • Who were the Rough Riders? Who was their leader?

  • Teddy Roosevelt resigns as Asst Secy of the Navy to lead a “Cowboy Calvary”

  • Brought his own photographer

  • Teddy’s popularity from this leads to his becoming v.p. and president


U s victory over spain elevated the american position in the world

U.S. VICTORY OVER SPAIN ELEVATED THE AMERICAN POSITION IN THE WORLD.

  • SPAIN GAVE UP ALL CLAIMS TO CUBA.

  • THE UNITED STATES GAINED TERRITORY IN PUERTO RICO AND GUAM.

  • SPAIN TURNED OVER THE PHILIPPINES FOR $20 MILLION.

  • TERRITORIAL GAINS STRENGTHENED THE MILITARY AND ECONOMIC POSITION OF THE UNITED STATES.


Manila bay

Manila Bay

  • What Happened at Manila Bay?

  • Surprise naval attack sunk the crumbling Spanish Navy

  • Made Americans feel very superior


Slide analysis headline of the maine explosion

Slide Analysis: Headline of the Maine Explosion

  • Maine Explosion Caused by Bomb or Torpedo?2/17/1898 New York World


Results

Results

  • US DEFEATS SPAIN & BECOMES A WORLD POWER

  • TEDDY ROOSEVELT ELECTED VICE PRESIDENT IN 1900 AND BECOMES PRESIDENT IN 1901 WHEN MCKINLEY IS SHOT

  • US MUST DECIDE WHAT TO DO ABOUT SPAIN’S FORMER COLONIES (PHILLIPINES, PUERTO RICO, AND CUBA)


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