F ne riks
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 77

[f´‚nE˘RIks] PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 61 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

[f´‚nE˘RIks]. SIL DoulosIPA-Regular Course web page. Articulatory phonetics. Source-filter system. Source-filter system. Initiation Phonation Resonance Articulation. Source/filter system. Filter. Source. Source/filter system. Filter. Phonator. Source. Initiator.

Download Presentation

[f´‚nE˘RIks]

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


[f´‚nE˘RIks]

SILDoulosIPA-Regular Course web page

English 306A; Harris


Articulatoryphonetics

English 306A; Harris


Source-filter system

English 306A; Harris


Source-filter system

  • Initiation

  • Phonation

  • Resonance

  • Articulation

English 306A; Harris


Source/filter system

Filter

Source

English 306A; Harris


Source/filter system

Filter

Phonator

Source

Initiator

English 306A; Harris


Source/filter system

Resonators

Filter

Articulators

Source

English 306A; Harris


Source/filter systemPhonation

English 306A; Harris


Source/filter systemPhonation

English 306A; Harris


Source/filter systemFilter

Resonators

Filter

Articulators

English 306A; Harris


[f´‚nŒRIk tHrQ‚nskrIpS´‚n]

  • Isolating speech sounds for study

  • Representing speech sounds consistently

English 306A; Harris


Transcribing soundsEnglish spelling?

ghoti

English 306A; Harris


Phonetic transcriptionEnglish spelling-nope

  • ghoti = fish

cough

women

association

English 306A; Harris


Phonetic transcriptionEnglish spelling-nope

  • [fIS]

cough

women

association

English 306A; Harris


Phonetic transcriptionThe one/many problem

  • toughcoughploughdough

[√]

[A]

[Au]

[o]

English 306A; Harris


Phonetic transcriptionThe many/one problem

  • toughbuffphonefill

[f]

English 306A; Harris


Phonetic transcription

  • Roughly, 40 phonemes in NA English,

  • coded in 120+ orthographical combinations

English 306A; Harris


Phonetic transcriptionThe detail problem

pan

pHQ‚˘n

English 306A; Harris


Articulation

Place

Manner

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationManner

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationManner

Consonants

Vowels

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationManner: Glides

Consonants

Vowels

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationManner: Glides

Consonants

Vowels

[j]

[w]

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

fricatives

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

fricatives

[t]

[s]

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

[t]

[s]

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

[t]

[ts]

[s]

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

[t]

[ts]

[s]

Voiceless

[d]

[dz]

[z]

Voiced

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsSecondary Manner—Voicing

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

nasals

approximants

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

English 306A; Harris


ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

nasals

approximants

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[n]

[l]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

English 306A; Harris


Consonants—MannerSonorants

approximants

nasals

liquids

glides

[m]

[l]

[j]

[n]

[r]

[w]

[N]

[R]

[„]

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

[n]

[l]

[r]

[R]

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

[n]

[l]

[r]

[R]

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

Articulators

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

lips (labial)

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

[m]

[w]

[„]

bilabial

[p]

[b]

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

[f]

[v]

labiodental

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

teeth (dental)

labial

English 306A; Harris


ether

[iT´r]

either

[i˘T´r]

ArticulationPlace

interdental

[T]

[D]

labial

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

alveolar ridge

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

[t]

[s]

alveolar

dental

[d]

[z]

labial

[n]

[l]

[r]

[R]

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

[S]

[Z]

alveopalatal

[tS]

[dZ]

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

palate

alveolar

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

palatal

alveolar

[j]

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

palatal

velum

alveolar

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

palatal

[k]

velar

alveolar

[g]

dental

labial

[N]

English 306A; Harris


Not a ‘place’ of articulation for nasals; more like ‘anatomical correlate of manner of articulation’.

ArticulationNasals

palatal

[m]

velar

uvula

alveolar

[n]

dental

labial

[N]

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationNasal Places

palatal

[m]

velar

uvula

alveolar

[n]

dental

labial

[N]

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

palatal

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

pharynx

labial

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

palatal

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

pharynx

labial

glottis

English 306A; Harris


oh-oh

[o/o]

ArticulationPlace

palatal

[h]

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

[/]

pharynx

labial

glottal

English 306A; Harris


Pink’s glottal stops

English 306A; Harris


Pink’s glottal stops

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationPlace

palatal

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

pharynx

labial

glottis

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

English 306A; Harris


VowelsResonator

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Height

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Height

Frontness

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Height

Frontness

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

High

Mid

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

beet

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

bit

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

bait

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

High

u

i

I

U

o

e

´

E

Mid

bet

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

bat

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

but

E

Mid

butt

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

bought

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

boot

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

put

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

boat

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris


Articulation—vowelsDiphthongs

boy

[boi]

bike

[bAik]

cow

[kAu]

English 306A; Harris


Articulation—vowelsDiphthongs

English 306A; Harris


ArticulationDiphthongs—Travelling vowels

i

u

boy

[boi]

o

bike

cow

[bAik]

[kAu]

A

English 306A; Harris


[f´‚nE˘RIks]

  • Source-filter model

  • Phonetic transcription

  • Articulatory phonetics

    Manner & Place

    Consonants

    obstruents

    sonorants

    Vowels

    monophthongs (regular old vowels)

    diphthongs

English 306A; Harris


  • Login