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[f´‚nE˘RIks]. SIL DoulosIPA-Regular Course web page. Articulatory phonetics. Source-filter system. Source-filter system. Initiation Phonation Resonance Articulation. Source/filter system. Filter. Source. Source/filter system. Filter. Phonator. Source. Initiator.

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f ne riks
[f´‚nE˘RIks]

SILDoulosIPA-Regular Course web page

English 306A; Harris

slide2

Articulatoryphonetics

English 306A; Harris

source filter system
Source-filter system

English 306A; Harris

source filter system1
Source-filter system
  • Initiation
  • Phonation
  • Resonance
  • Articulation

English 306A; Harris

source filter system2
Source/filter system

Filter

Source

English 306A; Harris

source filter system3
Source/filter system

Filter

Phonator

Source

Initiator

English 306A; Harris

source filter system4
Source/filter system

Resonators

Filter

Articulators

Source

English 306A; Harris

source filter system phonation
Source/filter systemPhonation

English 306A; Harris

source filter system phonation1
Source/filter systemPhonation

English 306A; Harris

source filter system filter
Source/filter systemFilter

Resonators

Filter

Articulators

English 306A; Harris

f n rik thrq nskrips n
[f´‚nŒRIk tHrQ‚nskrIpS´‚n]
  • Isolating speech sounds for study
  • Representing speech sounds consistently

English 306A; Harris

transcribing sounds english spelling
Transcribing soundsEnglish spelling?

ghoti

English 306A; Harris

phonetic transcription english spelling nope
Phonetic transcriptionEnglish spelling-nope
  • ghoti = fish

cough

women

association

English 306A; Harris

phonetic transcription english spelling nope1
Phonetic transcriptionEnglish spelling-nope
  • [fIS]

cough

women

association

English 306A; Harris

phonetic transcription the one many problem
Phonetic transcriptionThe one/many problem
  • toughcoughploughdough

[√]

[A]

[Au]

[o]

English 306A; Harris

phonetic transcription the many one problem
Phonetic transcriptionThe many/one problem
  • toughbuffphonefill

[f]

English 306A; Harris

phonetic transcription
Phonetic transcription
  • Roughly, 40 phonemes in NA English,
  • coded in 120+ orthographical combinations

English 306A; Harris

phonetic transcription the detail problem
Phonetic transcriptionThe detail problem

pan

pHQ‚˘n

English 306A; Harris

articulation
Articulation

Place

Manner

English 306A; Harris

articulation manner
ArticulationManner

English 306A; Harris

articulation manner1
ArticulationManner

Consonants

Vowels

English 306A; Harris

articulation manner glides
ArticulationManner: Glides

Consonants

Vowels

English 306A; Harris

articulation manner glides1
ArticulationManner: Glides

Consonants

Vowels

[j]

[w]

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner1

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

fricatives

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner2

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

fricatives

[t]

[s]

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner3

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

[t]

[s]

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner4

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

[t]

[ts]

[s]

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner5

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

[t]

[ts]

[s]

Voiceless

[d]

[dz]

[z]

Voiced

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner6

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

nasals

approximants

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner7

ConsonantsManner

Sonorants

Obstruents

stops

affricates

fricatives

nasals

approximants

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[n]

[l]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

English 306A; Harris

consonants manner sonorants
Consonants—MannerSonorants

approximants

nasals

liquids

glides

[m]

[l]

[j]

[n]

[r]

[w]

[N]

[R]

[„]

English 306A; Harris

articulation place
ArticulationPlace

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

[n]

[l]

[r]

[R]

English 306A; Harris

articulation place1
ArticulationPlace

[t]

[ts]

[s]

[d]

[dz]

[z]

[n]

[l]

[r]

[R]

English 306A; Harris

articulation place2
ArticulationPlace

Articulators

English 306A; Harris

articulation place3
ArticulationPlace

lips (labial)

English 306A; Harris

articulation place4
ArticulationPlace

[m]

[w]

[„]

bilabial

[p]

[b]

English 306A; Harris

articulation place5
ArticulationPlace

[f]

[v]

labiodental

English 306A; Harris

articulation place6
ArticulationPlace

teeth (dental)

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place7

ether

[iT´r]

either

[i˘T´r]

ArticulationPlace

interdental

[T]

[D]

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place8
ArticulationPlace

alveolar ridge

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place9
ArticulationPlace

[t]

[s]

alveolar

dental

[d]

[z]

labial

[n]

[l]

[r]

[R]

English 306A; Harris

articulation place10
ArticulationPlace

[S]

[Z]

alveopalatal

[tS]

[dZ]

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place11
ArticulationPlace

palate

alveolar

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place12
ArticulationPlace

palatal

alveolar

[j]

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place13
ArticulationPlace

palatal

velum

alveolar

dental

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place14
ArticulationPlace

palatal

[k]

velar

alveolar

[g]

dental

labial

[N]

English 306A; Harris

articulation nasals

Not a ‘place’ of articulation for nasals; more like ‘anatomical correlate of manner of articulation’.

ArticulationNasals

palatal

[m]

velar

uvula

alveolar

[n]

dental

labial

[N]

English 306A; Harris

articulation nasal places
ArticulationNasal Places

palatal

[m]

velar

uvula

alveolar

[n]

dental

labial

[N]

English 306A; Harris

articulation place15
ArticulationPlace

palatal

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

pharynx

labial

English 306A; Harris

articulation place16
ArticulationPlace

palatal

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

pharynx

labial

glottis

English 306A; Harris

articulation place17

oh-oh

[o/o]

ArticulationPlace

palatal

[h]

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

[/]

pharynx

labial

glottal

English 306A; Harris

pink s glottal stops
Pink’s glottal stops

English 306A; Harris

pink s glottal stops1
Pink’s glottal stops

English 306A; Harris

articulation place18
ArticulationPlace

palatal

velar

uvula

alveolar

dental

pharynx

labial

glottis

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels
ArticulationVowels

English 306A; Harris

vowels resonator
VowelsResonator

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels1
ArticulationVowels

Height

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels2
ArticulationVowels

Height

Frontness

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels3
ArticulationVowels

Height

Frontness

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels4
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

High

Mid

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels5
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels6
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

beet

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels7
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

bit

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels8
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

bait

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels9
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

High

u

i

I

U

o

e

´

E

Mid

bet

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels10
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

bat

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels11
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

but

E

Mid

butt

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels12
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

bought

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels13
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

boot

I

U

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels14
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

put

e

o

´

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels15
ArticulationVowels

Central

Back

Front

i

High

u

I

U

e

o

´

boat

E

Mid

A

Q

Low

English 306A; Harris

articulation vowels diphthongs
Articulation—vowelsDiphthongs

boy

[boi]

bike

[bAik]

cow

[kAu]

English 306A; Harris

articulation diphthongs travelling vowels
ArticulationDiphthongs—Travelling vowels

i

u

boy

[boi]

o

bike

cow

[bAik]

[kAu]

A

English 306A; Harris

f ne riks1
[f´‚nE˘RIks]
  • Source-filter model
  • Phonetic transcription
  • Articulatory phonetics

Manner & Place

Consonants

obstruents

sonorants

Vowels

monophthongs (regular old vowels)

diphthongs

English 306A; Harris