Housing and real estate 101
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HOUSING AND REAL ESTATE 101. TERMS, CONCEPTS AND PROCESS. Renting a home. Deposit on Rental house Usually 1-2 months rent Utility Deposit- paid to Utility Company/provider Such as Electricity, water, gas. Renting a house/apartment. Rent Pay utilities

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Housing and real estate 101



Renting a home
Renting a home

  • Deposit on Rental house

    • Usually 1-2 months rent

    • Utility Deposit- paid to Utility Company/provider

      • Such as Electricity, water, gas

Renting a house apartment
Renting a house/apartment

  • Rent

  • Pay utilities

    • Pay Electricity, Gas, Water, Sewer, Trash

  • Might have to take care of yard, driveway

  • How you take care of the dwelling will determine if you get your deposit back!

  • Several programs that offer rental assistance

    • USDA, HUD, MHDC – some are tenant based, some apartment based.


Purchasing a home
Purchasing a home!

  • Homeownership

    • You own it

    • Responsible for it

    • Value goes up or down

    • Condition goes up or down

      IT IS IN YOUR HANDS!!!!!

Purchasing a home1
Purchasing a home!

  • Guardianship

    • If a guardian is involved the guardianship must specifically state that it covers purchase of

      Real Estate.

Purchasing a home2
Purchasing a home!

  • Starting the process


    • Work with lender or mortgage agent

    • Your income and other debts/obligations will determine what you can afford

    • You can shop for interest rates and terms. ASK!

Purchasing a home3
Purchasing a home!

  • Loan application

  • Income verification- How much do you make?

  • Debt Verification – How much do you owe?

  • Credit Report – The lender will charge a fee typically. Credit report will reflect your payment history for a least the last seven years.

    • GOOD – BAD – UGLY!!!!!! It will show them all!

Purchasing a home4
Purchasing a home!

  • When you meet with a lender:

    • Bring Bank Statements (3 months)

    • Pay stubs ( last 2-3)

    • Name and address of Landlord

    • Copies of debt monthly statements.

      • Debts are a bill that you owe a balance for over 3 months. Credit card, medical bills, car payments,

        • Does not include phone, electricity, cable TV

Purchasing a home5
Purchasing a home!


    • Credit Report Fee – Typically $25-50.

    • Application Fee – Typically $25-100

      You will receive a “TRUTH IN LENDING STATEMENT” or a “Good Faith Estimate”

      It will outline what fees you will have to pay.

Purchasing a home6
Purchasing a home!

  • What the lender will use to determine if you can purchase a home

    • PITI – Principal, Interest, Taxes and Insurance

    • MOTI- Monthly Obligations To Income

Purchasing a home7
Purchasing a home!

  • PITI – Principal and Interest

    • The amount of your monthly payment

    • Taxes and Insurance

    • The project monthly amount to pay Real Estate Taxes and

      Home owners Insurance

      It is compared to gross income

      $700/mth PITI /$2500/mth income is a 28 PITI ratio

Purchasing a home8
Purchasing a home!

  • MOTI – Monthly Obligations to Income

  • Monthly debt payments – Credit card, long term medical debt, and new house payment taxes and insurance (PITI)

    It is compared to gross income

    $100 to VISA, $50 to Hospital plus $700 PITI / $2500 monthly income is a

    34 MOTI ratio

Purchasing a home9
Purchasing a home!

  • Selecting a Real Estate Agent

    • Buyers Agent – Someone who will work with you, THE BUYER

    • Sellers Agent – The agent who is working specifically for the seller.

    • BOTH Buyers and Sellers agents only get paid if the sale closes

Purchasing a home10
Purchasing a home!

  • Your Real Estate Agent should work to help you to find the house YOU want.

  • Location – what town, area, school, available transportation, shopping.

  • Style – Ranch, 2 story, basement, garage

  • QUALITY – New, remodeled, fixer upper

    • Make sure it is something you can afford to maintain, heat, cool and enjoy.

Purchasing a home11
Purchasing a home!

  • Contract – a legal binding document

    • Offer – If you offer less than the asking price

      • Counter Offer – a second price offer

        Earnest Money – Money that you put down to show you are serious about purchasing the home. It often goes to pay closing costs if offer is accepted. It is returned if offer refused. It may be forfeited if you do not follow through with the deal.


Purchasing a home12
Purchasing a home!

  • Home Inspection – Completed by an inspector that you hire to look at the property to determine if the property is in good condition, all heating, cooling, appliances and electrical components are in working order. May be required by the lender.

Purchasing a home13
Purchasing a home!

  • Closing The Transaction – Often referred to as “Closing”

  • Will be coordinated with your Real Estate Agent, Lender and Selling Real Estate Agent

  • The BUYER will need to be prepared to pay some costs at closing. Work this out with Lender before closing.

Purchasing a home14
Purchasing a home!

  • Title Insurance – Required – An insurance policy that you own the property with good title

  • Property Insurance – Required - You will need to provide a Property Insurance policy at or before closing on the property you are purchasing. Typically must be paid for 1 year.

  • Mortgage Insurance – You may be required by your lender to pay for this insurance. Covers the lender if you fail to pay your loan timely. Covers the lender not YOU! Is not required for all loans or loan programs.

Purchasing a home15
Purchasing a home!

  • Promissory Note – Legal document that states you will make payments for a specific length of time at a certain percent of interest until debt is paid in full.

  • Deed of Trust – Legal document that allows the lender to sell your property if you do not pay the debt in full. Also allows the lender to recover all costs associated with the sale and to charge you for any shortage the sale does not bring.

Purchasing a home16
Purchasing a home!

  • Recording Fees – Paid to the County Recorder of Deeds. Pays to have the Deed of the Property recorded as well as the Lender’s Deed of Trust

  • Escrow Account – A separate account held by the lender used to pay the Real Estate taxes and the Property Insurance. You will pay an additional amount above your loan payment to cover this amount. May be revised each year to correct any shortages due to rising Real Estate taxes or Property Insurance.

Purchasing a home17
Purchasing a home!



Purchasing a home18
Purchasing a home!

  • Homeownership

    • You own it

    • Responsible for it

    • Value goes up or down

    • Condition goes up or down

      IT IS IN YOUR HANDS!!!!!