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Welcome to class!. In your G.U.M.S. o n page 9 , copy the sentence below that you think is divided into meaningful chunks. Be prepared to discuss your choice: The turkeys, roosting / in the street out / of coyotes’ reach, / clucked drowsily.

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Welcome to class!

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Welcome to class!

In your G.U.M.S. on page 9, copy the sentence below that you think is divided into meaningful chunks. Be prepared to discuss your choice:

The turkeys, roosting / in the street out / of coyotes’ reach, / clucked drowsily.

The turkeys, / roosting in the street / out of coyotes’ reach, / clucked drowsily.


WHY?

b. The turkeys, / roosting in the street / out of coyotes’ reach, / clucked drowsily.


G.U.M.S. page 10

CLAUSE

PHRASE

BOTH


CLAUSES

PHRASES


PHRASES

A phrase is …

* a group of words

* working together to form one idea

* lacks either a subject or a verb (predicate)

* cannot stand alone as a sentence


PHRASES

Prepositional Phrases:

Our house in Maine is a cabin.

Verb Phrases:

His complaining is causing tension.


CLAUSES

A clause is …

* a group of words

* working together to form one idea

* has a subject

* has a verb (predicate)

* could stand alone as a sentence


Independent (Main) Clause

* has a subject

* has a predicate (verb)

* can stand as a complete sentence


Dependent (Subordinate) Clause

* has a subject

* has a predicate (verb)

* can NOT stand as a complete sentence


G.U.M.S. page

CLAUSE

PHRASE

BOTH

Group of words

Working together

Has a subject or a verb

Cannot stand as a sentence

Two examples:

Prepositional phrases

Verb phrases

Group of words

Working together

Has a subject and a verb

Can stand as a sentence

Two types:

Dependent – can’t stand

alone as a sentence

Independent – can

stand alone as a

sentence


V

Your assignment:Complete “Weathering these Phrases and Clauses”

S

I

S

P

____1. you should read more magazines (t)

____2. after the hurricane (s)

____3. as soon as the moon wanes (n)

V

S

D

If you do not finish in class, this becomes independent practice and is due at the beginning of class tomorrow!


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