Walk down civics memory lane navigating through the legislative and appropriations process
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Walk Down Civics Memory Lane: Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process. Prepared by the Council for Exceptional Children . Words to Consider.

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Walk Down Civics Memory Lane: Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process

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Walk down civics memory lane navigating through the legislative and appropriations process

Walk Down Civics Memory Lane: Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process

Prepared by the Council for Exceptional Children


Words to consider

Words to Consider

“One voice can change a room, and if it can change a room, it can change a city, and if it can change a city, it can change a state, and if it can change a state, then it can change a nation, and if it can change a nation, it can change the world.”

- Barack Obama


Civics 101 why it s important to be informed

Civics 101: Why it’s important to be informed

  • Knowing how the process works helps you:

    • Navigate your way through the system.

    • Helps you understand how to use your time most effectively.

    • Communicate effectively with members of Congress and their staff.

    • Better inform your network and makes you a better advocate.


How the legislative process works

How the Legislative Process Works…


How a bill becomes law

How a Bill Becomes Law


How a bill becomes law1

How a Bill Becomes Law


How a bill becomes law2

How a Bill Becomes Law


Photo of democratic amendments to esea

Photo of Democratic Amendments to ESEA

House of Representatives, February 2012


Getting to the president s desk

Getting to the President’s Desk…

Measures must pass the House and Senate in identical form before being presented to the President.


Getting to the president s desk1

Getting to the President’s Desk …


Your signature please

Your Signature, Please…


The budget process

The Budget Process

During the year prior to the year in which the fiscal year

begins

  • April – JuneAgencies begin budget requests

  • July – AugustOffice of Management and Budget provides guidance to agencies

  • Early fallAgencies submit initial budget request to OMB

  • Nov. – Dec.OMB, President review requests

This is the first step in deciding program funding amounts


The budget process cont

The Budget Process(cont.)

  • By first Monday in Feb.President submits budget to Congress

  • February – SeptemberCongressional phase.

  • By July 15President submits mid-session review to Congress

  • October 1Fiscal year begins

  • October – September OMB apportions funds to agencies


Walk down civics memory lane navigating through the legislative and appropriations process

The Budget Process(cont.)

  • February – SeptemberCongressional phase.

You Are Here!


Walk down civics memory lane navigating through the legislative and appropriations process

Sets a total spending level (302a)

House Passes Budget Resolution

Full Appropriations Committee

Sets smaller spending levels

302(b)

Labor Health Human Services & Education (“Labor H”) Subcommittee

decides amounts for specific programs

12 Subcommittees


Navigating through the appropriations process

Navigating through the Appropriations Process


Let s work it out

Let’s Work it Out…

Sent to President


Realistic plans

Realistic Plans???

26

Shutdown?

Minibus??

Omnibus??


Victory sort of

Victory!! (Sort of …)


Key terms

Key Terms

  • Fiscal Year:October 1 through September 30

  • Mandatory Spending: Spending (budget authority and outlays) controlled by laws other than annual appropriations acts.

  • Discretionary Spending: Spending controlled by the annual appropriations acts

  • Continuing Resolution: provides budget authority for Federal agencies and programs to continue in operation until the regular appropriations acts are enacted.


Walk down civics memory lane navigating through the legislative and appropriations process

Resources for this presentation:

Congressional Deskbook 2005-2007

www.senate.gov

www.house.gov


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