Walk down civics memory lane navigating through the legislative and appropriations process
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Walk Down Civics Memory Lane: Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process. Prepared by the Council for Exceptional Children . Words to Consider.

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Walk down civics memory lane navigating through the legislative and appropriations process

Walk Down Civics Memory Lane: Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process

Prepared by the Council for Exceptional Children


Words to consider
Words to Consider

“One voice can change a room, and if it can change a room, it can change a city, and if it can change a city, it can change a state, and if it can change a state, then it can change a nation, and if it can change a nation, it can change the world.”

- Barack Obama


Civics 101 why it s important to be informed
Civics 101: Why it’s important to be informed

  • Knowing how the process works helps you:

    • Navigate your way through the system.

    • Helps you understand how to use your time most effectively.

    • Communicate effectively with members of Congress and their staff.

    • Better inform your network and makes you a better advocate.






Photo of democratic amendments to esea
Photo of Democratic Amendments to ESEA

House of Representatives, February 2012


Getting to the president s desk
Getting to the President’s Desk…

Measures must pass the House and Senate in identical form before being presented to the President.




The budget process
The Budget Process

During the year prior to the year in which the fiscal year

begins

  • April – JuneAgencies begin budget requests

  • July – August Office of Management and Budget provides guidance to agencies

  • Early fall Agencies submit initial budget request to OMB

  • Nov. – Dec. OMB, President review requests

This is the first step in deciding program funding amounts


The budget process cont
The Budget Process (cont.)

  • By first Monday in Feb. President submits budget to Congress

  • February – September Congressional phase.

  • By July 15 President submits mid- session review to Congress

  • October 1 Fiscal year begins

  • October – September OMB apportions funds to agencies


The Budget Process (cont.)

  • February – September Congressional phase.

You Are Here!


Sets a total spending level (302a)

House Passes Budget Resolution

Full Appropriations Committee

Sets smaller spending levels

302(b)

Labor Health Human Services & Education (“Labor H”) Subcommittee

decides amounts for specific programs

12 Subcommittees



Let s work it out
Let’s Work it Out…

Sent to President


Realistic plans
Realistic Plans???

26

Shutdown?

Minibus??

Omnibus??



Key terms
Key Terms

  • Fiscal Year:October 1 through September 30

  • Mandatory Spending: Spending (budget authority and outlays) controlled by laws other than annual appropriations acts.

  • Discretionary Spending: Spending controlled by the annual appropriations acts

  • Continuing Resolution: provides budget authority for Federal agencies and programs to continue in operation until the regular appropriations acts are enacted.


Resources for this presentation:

Congressional Deskbook 2005-2007

www.senate.gov

www.house.gov


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