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Ross Operation. Seoul National University Hospital Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery. Pulmonary Autograft. Advantages Autograft is superior to the allograft in terms of clinical or hemodynamic outcomes. Favorable qualities of the autograft, including

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Ross Operation

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Ross operation

Ross Operation

Seoul National University Hospital

Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery

Pulmonary autograft

Pulmonary Autograft

  • Advantages

  • Autograft is superior to the allograft in terms of clinical or hemodynamic outcomes.

  • Favorable qualities of the autograft, including

    1. Excellent immediate hemodynamics, even in small


    2. Freedom from a need for anticoagulation

    3. Resistance to infection

    4. Suitability for use despite congenital or acquired

    distortions of cardiac anatomy.

  • Better hemodynamics over time, growth of the autograft, which has been well described and which does not occur in allografts

Pulmonary autograft1

Pulmonary Autograft

  • Idea of choice

  • The Ross procedure is not a cure for aortic valve disease.

  • Beyond its technical demands, which are formidable, there are legitimate concerns about long-term growth and durability of the autograft, dilatation of the neoaortic root, and fate of the pulmonary allograft.

  • Ultimately, the decision to perform the Ross procedure or an alternative operation must be tempered to some degree by what that alternative operation is.

Pulmonary autograft2

Pulmonary Autograft

  • Aortic root tailoring

  • Aim

    1 To overcome the size mismatch (2mm over sized)

    • Adjust aortic anulnus to 2mm smaller than that

      of the pulmonary autograft

  • Method

    1 Circumferential strips

    • Purse-string sutures around the annular

    • Noncircumferential removal of tissue posteriorly

      at the level of anterior leaflet (Triangular excision

      between left & noncoronary cusp)

Aortic root replacement

Aortic Root Replacement

  • Use of allograft

  • I. Advantages

  • 1. Simplicity

  • Younger patient

  • 1) Annulus is large & noncoronary cusp is deep.

  • 2) Commissures may not be symmetric.

  • 3) Sinuses may have variable diameter.

  • 4) Transverse orifice in a bicuspid valve

  • 2. Decrease in structural degeneration over time

  • II. Principles

  • 1. The allograft should not be made to fit the host.

  • 2. The allograft valve should maintain its inherent symmetry.

  • 3. The size of the allograft becomes less critical.

Pulmonary autograft3

Pulmonary Autograft

  • Causes of failure

  • Technical errors during dissection and

    implantation of pulmonary autograft

  • Geometric mismatch between the two

    semilunar valves

  • Late endocarditis

  • Immunologically mediated injury

  • Structural changes in the autograft that predispose to dilatation of the autograft

Ross procedure

Ross Procedure

  • Disadvantages

  • Technical demands, which are formidable

  • Legitimate concerns of long-term growth

  • Durability of the autograft

  • Dilatation of the neoaortic root

  • Fate of the pulmonary allograft

Ross procedure1

Ross Procedure

  • Contraindications

  • The pulmonary valve may be congenitally absent or deformed

  • The pulmonary valve may be damaged by acquired disease, or compromised by previous surgical procedures

  • Certain connective tissue disorders, such as Marfan syndrome, probably affect pulmonary valve & disqualify it from consideration

Ross procedure2

Ross Procedure

  • Factors of late results

  • Cellularity of the semilunar valve decreases with age,

  • Ross operation may not be appropriate for elderly.

  • Adjust diameter of the aortic annulus and of the

  • sinotubular junction to those diameters of the

  • pulmonary autograft

  • Pulmonary homograft is more durable than the aortic

  • homogaft

  • Neither the diameter of aortic annulus, nor sinotubular

    junction should exceed the length of the free margin

    of the leaflet

Ross procedure3

Ross Procedure

  • Arrhythmia

  • 1. Underlying potential for ventricular arrhythmia

  • because of pressure & volume overload

  • 2. Damage the septal branches of the LAD causes

  • myocardial ischemia & ventricular ectopy

  • 3. Coronary artery transfer may lead to the areas of

  • myocardial ischemia & rhythm abnormalities.

  • 4. Annular-enlarging procedures or muscle resection

  • in subaortic area damage the conduction system.

Ross operation1

Ross Operation

Harvest of Autograft

Ross operation2

Ross Operation

Harvest of Autograft

Ross operation3

Ross Operation

RVOT Reconstruction using Homograft

Ross operation4

Ross Operation

Subcoronary Inclusion Technique

Ross operation5

Ross Operation

Subcoronary Inclusion Technique

Ross operation6

Ross Operation

Aortic Root Replacement Technique

Ross operation7

Ross Operation

Aortic Root Replacement Technique

Ross konno procedure

Ross-Konno Procedure

  • Widened Interventricular Septum (Ventriculoseptoplasty)

Modified konno procedure

Modified Konno Procedure

  • Subaortic left ventricular outflow tract is augmented by

  • a patch which closes created ventricular septal defect

Heart valve construction autologous pulmonary artery segment

Heart Valve Construction AutologousPulmonary Artery Segment

  • Involution method of valve construction and surgical implantation

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