After studying this unit
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After studying this unit. You will be able to: Organize and plan your work more efficiently Understand basic flavoring techniques Prepare items needed prior to actual cooking Set up and use the standard breading procedure. Mise en Place.

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After studying this unit

After studying this unit

  • You will be able to:

    • Organize and plan your work more efficiently

    • Understand basic flavoring techniques

    • Prepare items needed prior to actual cooking

    • Set up and use the standard breading procedure


Mise en place

Mise en Place

French term, which literally means “Everything in its place.” Organize and plan your work.

Gather and prepare your ingredients.

Assemble your tools and equipment.


The prep list

The Prep List

  • A blueprint for how food production is going to be achieved during the work day

  • An overview of what needs to be done and how long it will take to do it

  • The order in which assignments should be completed

  • How each cook may interact with each other in the kitchen


Writing a prep list

Writing a Prep List

  • A prep list is not just a rewriting of recipes

  • It is reading through recipes and composing a written map of how to accomplish the tasks necessary to prepare the recipes

  • The first step in organizing your work is to read and understand the recipes you will be using

  • Once each item is identified and quantified, the next step is to schedule your tasks through prioritization


Selecting tools and equipment

Selecting Tools and Equipment

  • All tools, equipment and work surfaces must be clean and sanitized

  • Knives should be honed and sharpened

  • Measuring devices should be checked for accuracy periodically

  • Ovens and cooking surfaces should be preheated, as necessary

  • Mixing bowls, saucepans and storage containers should be the correct size for the task at hand


Selecting tools and equipment cont

Selecting Tools and Equipment (cont.)

  • Serving plates, cookware, utensils, hand tools and other necessary small wares should be gathered and stored nearby

  • Foods should be gathered and stored conveniently at the proper temperature

  • Expiration dates on foods should be checked periodically for validity

  • Sanitizing solution, hand towels, disposable gloves and trash receptacles should be conveniently located


Measuring and preparing ingredients

Measuring and Preparing Ingredients

  • There are a number of steps and procedures commonly used in Mise en Place discussed in this chapter

    • Weighing and measuring all ingredients

    • Clarifying butter

    • Toasting nuts and spices; making bread crumbs

    • Preparing bouquet garni and sachet

    • Marinating meats and poultry; preparing rubs and pastes

    • Steeping dry ingredients


Using a balance scale

Using a Balance Scale

  • To use a balance scale to weigh an ingredient, place an empty container on the left, then set a counterbalance to that container on the right; use weights and the sliding beam weight to add an amount equal to the amount of ingredient needed


Balance scale cont

Balance Scale (cont.)

  • Place the ingredient on the left side of the scale until the two platforms balance


Clarifying butter

Clarifying Butter

  • Slowly warm the butter in a saucepan over low heat without boiling or agitation

  • As the butter melts, milk solids rise to the top as a foam and the water sinks to the bottom

  • When the butter is completely melted, skim the milk solids from the top


Clarifying butter cont

Clarifying Butter (cont.)

  • When all of the milk solids have been removed, ladle the butterfat into a clean saucepan, being careful to leave the water in the bottom of the pan

  • The clarified butter is now ready to use


Toasting nuts and spices

Toasting Nuts and Spices

  • Toasting nuts and spices before using brings out flavor

  • Toast nuts or spices on the stovetop or in the oven

    • Spread them in a single layer

    • Watch so they do not burn

    • Light color and fragrant aroma determines doneness


Flavoring

Flavoring

  • A bouquet garni and sachet are used to introduce flavorings, seasonings and aromatics into stocks, sauces, soups and stews

  • Marinating is a process of soaking meat and poultry in seasoned liquid to flavor and tenderize it

  • Rubs are finely ground mixtures of dry herbs and spices used to season meat and poultry


Bouquet garni

Bouquet Garni

  • A selection of herbs (usually fresh) and vegetables tied into a bundle with twine; a standard bouquet garni consists of parsley stems, celery, thyme, leeks and carrots


Sachet

Sachet

  • Made by tying seasonings together in cheesecloth; a standard sachet consists of peppercorns, bay leaves, parsley stems, thyme, cloves and, optionally, garlic


Preparing to cook

Preparing to Cook

  • Some procedures are done very close to cooking time

    • Breading and battering foods

    • Blanching and parboiling foods


Setup for standard breading procedure

Setup for Standard Breading Procedure


Standard battering procedure

Standard Battering Procedure


Blanching and parboiling

Blanching and Parboiling

  • Vegetables and other foods can be parcooked by blanching or parboiling.

    • Looses the peel, removes undesirable flavors, softens firm foods, sets color, shortens final cooking time

    • Blanching shorter than parboiling

  • Blanch or parboil foods then submerge them in ice water to refresh.


Making an ice bath

Making an Ice Bath

  • To ensure food safety, cool hot foods quickly in or over an ice bath to a temperature below 41ºF before storing in the refrigerator.


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