Unit 4 diseases and conditions of the integumentary and musculoskeletal systems
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Unit 4: Diseases and Conditions of the Integumentary and Musculoskeletal Systems. Kaplan University HS200 Marsha L. Wilson, M.Ed. Discussion Topics. Psoriasis Impetigo Pediculosis P atient E ducation O steoarthritis D rugs S ports Injuries. Psoriasis. Psoriasis.

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Unit 4: Diseases and Conditions of the Integumentary and Musculoskeletal Systems

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Unit 4 diseases and conditions of the integumentary and musculoskeletal systems

Unit 4: Diseases and Conditions of the Integumentary and Musculoskeletal Systems

Kaplan University

HS200

Marsha L. Wilson, M.Ed.


Discussion topics

Discussion Topics

  • Psoriasis

  • Impetigo

  • Pediculosis

  • Patient Education

  • Osteoarthritis Drugs

  • Sports Injuries


Psoriasis

Psoriasis


Psoriasis1

Psoriasis

The cause of psoriasis is related to the immune system, and more specifically, a type of white blood cell called a T lymphocyte or T cell. Normally, T cells travel throughout the body to detect and fight off foreign substances, such as viruses or bacteria. If you have psoriasis, however, the T cells attack healthy skin cells by mistake as if to heal a wound or to fight an infection.

www.mayoclinic.com


Psoriasis2

A-J display appearances of psoriasis lesions on typical areas of the skin. Lesions can be present on any area of the body. D is an example of minimal psoriasis. K-M are examples of psoriasis affecting fingernails. Although psoriasis-affected toenails can look very similar to this, people with athlete's foot may have similar-appearing toenails; therefore it is better to judge psoriasis by fingernail appearance alone. K and L display nail pits. M shows characteristic yellowish or brown color known as an "oil spot.“

Psoriasis Genetics Laboratory

Department of Dermatology

University of Michigan

PSORIASIS


Impetigo

Impetigo


Impetigo1

IMPETIGO

  • You're exposed to the bacteria that cause impetigo when you come into contact with the sores of someone who's infected or with items they've touched, such as clothing, bed linen, towels and even toys. Once you're infected, you can easily spread the infection to others.

  • Two types of bacteria cause impetigo — Staphylococcus aureus (staph), which is most common, and Streptococcus pyogenes (strep). Both types of bacteria can live harmlessly on your skin until they enter through a cut or other wound and cause an infection.


Pediculosis

Pediculosis


Pediculosis lice infestation

PEDICULOSIS (Lice Infestation)

  • Getting head lice is not related to cleanliness of the person or his or her environment.

  • Head lice are mainly spread by direct contact with the hair of an infested person. The most common way to get head lice is by head-to-head contact with a person who already has head lice.

  • An estimated 6 million to 12 million infestations occur each year in the United States among children 3 to 11 years of age.


Types of lice

Types of Lice

The three types of lice that live on humans are:

  • Pediculushumanuscapitis (head louse),

  • Pediculushumanuscorporis (body louse, clothes louse), and

  • Pthirus pubis ("crab" louse, pubic louse).

    Only the body louse is known to spread disease.


Patient education

Patient Education


Patient resources

Patient Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/

Ohio State University Medical Center – Patient Education Materials

http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/patient_education/Pages/index.aspx

National Institutes of Health – Interactive Health Tutorials

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorial.html

State Health Department Listing

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/international/relres.html


Osteoarthritis drugs

Osteoarthritis Drugs


Unit 4 diseases and conditions of the integumentary and musculoskeletal systems

  • Aspirin, Mobic, Voltaren, Relafen -- those are just a few of the drugs commonly prescribed for arthritis relief.

  • Acetaminophen Oral

  • Anaprox Oral

  • Aspirin Oral

  • Caldolor IV

  • Capzasin Top

  • Celebrex (celecoxib) Drug Information

  • Daypro Oral

  • Glucosamine HCl Oral

  • Glucosamine Relief Oral

  • Mobic Oral

  • Motrin Oral

  • Naprosyn Oral

  • Synvisc-One IAtc

  • Voltaren Top


Nsaids what are the risks prescription otc

NSAIDs: What Are the Risks?Prescription & OTC

  • GI Tract

    • Ulcers, perforations, bleeding, obstruction strictures, enteropathy

  • Kidney

    • Sodium and fluid retention

    • Hyperkalemia

    • Acute renal failure

    • Hypertension

  • Platelet

    • Inhibition of aggregation leading to increased potential for bleeding


Sports injuries

Sports Injuries


Most common sports injuries

Most Common Sports Injuries

  • Sprains and strains

  • Knee injuries

  • Swollen muscles

  • Achilles tendon injuries

  • Pain along the shin bones

  • Fractures

  • Dislocations

    If you get hurt, stop playing. Continuing to play or exercise can cause more harm. Treatment often begins with the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling and speed healing. Other possible treatments include pain relievers, keeping the injured area from moving, rehabilitation and sometimes surgery.

    NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


Wrap up

  • Coming up:

  • Unit 5: Diseases and Conditions of the Digestive and Respiratory Systems

  • Read Chapters 8 and 9

  • Participate in Discussion

  • Participate in Seminar

  • Midterm Exam

Wrap-up

Kaplan University

HS200

Marsha L. Wilson, M.Ed.

Office Hour: 12 – 1 p.m. Friday

AIM: ProfMarshaWilson


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