The Federalist Papers. Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist Strongholds at the End of the War. Support mainly from coastal & urban areas and from upper classes - merchants, financiers, shippers, planters though not all upperclass citizens were Federalists Washington, Hamilton, Madison, and Franklin
The Federalist Papers
Federalist vs. Anti-FederalistStrongholds at the End of the War
Support mainly from coastal & urban areas and from upper classes - merchants, financiers, shippers, planters though not all upperclass citizens were Federalists
Washington, Hamilton, Madison, and Franklin
They favored strong central gov’t to maintain peace and stability and to strengthen the Union
Support from mainly backcountry & agricultural areas, debtors, and people philosophically opposed to a strong central gov’t
Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, George Mason
Oppose a central gov’t that did not guarantee protection of individual rights
Within weeks after the Constitutional Convention adjourned in September 1787, the articles now called the "Federalist Papers" and the "Anti-Federalist Papers" appeared in New York newspapers. Here was a day-by-day debate over the "most important question that was ever proposed . . . to the decision of any people under heaven."
Will the proposed Constitution guarantee or destroy liberty?
Where will power reside?
Who will have it?
Who can give it?
Who can get it back when lost?
New York was key state
By Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison
Beyond the AOC- Underlying premise of their argument: because man is corruptible, he cannot always be trusted to govern himself. Need elaborate constitutional system to prevent rulers from acting arbitrarily and abusive as well as control the passion of the masses
Prevent tyranny of majority and tyranny of minority
No abuse b/c delegated powers in Constitution
Federalists say unnecessary since Congressional members elected
No way say anti-federalists. Basic civil rights need to be listed
Compromise was BILL OF RIGHTS ADDED TO CONSTITUTION
Chronology of the Federalist Papers and Anti-Federalist Papers and corresponding events, from the Constitution Society
Brief overview of the Federalist Papers, from the Library of Congress
Other online "Federalist Papers"
Library of Congress
University of Virginia
Other online "Anti-Federalist Papers"
Liberty Page (full text)
Univ. of Groningen (6 articles)
The U.S. Constitution and amendments, with interrelated links, from Cornell Law School
The U.S. Constitution (text and facsimiles), from the National Archives
The relationship of the individual citizen to the federal gov’t
The relationship of the states to the federal gov’t
Do “factions” or “multiplicity of interests” help or hurt public good?
How does human history support the two views?
Must the republic “guard one part of society against the injustice of another part?”
To what degree is it true that when people part with power, they can never have it back but by force
Are we to have a “tyrannic aristocracy” or a “compound republic?”
What would the Federalist say about the Bill of Rights?
What would the Anti-federalist say about the Bill of Rights?
What would the Federalist say about the American gov’t today?
What would the Anti-federalist say about the American gov’t today?