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Introduction to 365 rad. Lecturer name: DR ALBADR Chairman of radiology department Lecture Date: 2011. Lecture Objectives. 1- to learned different type of radiology modalities. 2- to have the principle of the indication and contra- indication for different radiology investigation .

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Lecturer name dr albadr chairman of radiology department lecture date 2011

Introduction to 365 rad

Lecturer name: DR ALBADR

Chairman of radiology department

Lecture Date: 2011


Lecture Objectives..

1- to learned different type of radiology modalities.

2- to have the principle of the indication and contra- indication for different radiology investigation .

3- Usage of different type of contrast.







  • WHAT is X RAY ? surgery

  • ELECTROMAGNATIC RADIATION CAUSING IONIZATION IN THE BODY.

  • X RAY IS COMING FROM ??? WHERE ?

  • You need :

  • 1- machine .

  • 2-Patient .

  • 3-detector .


German physicist wilhelm r ntgen discoverer of x rays in 1895
German physicist surgery Wilhelm Röntgen discoverer of X-rays in 1895


Name the bone
Name the bone surgery

1

  • 1-

  • 2-

  • 3-

  • 4- means right hand

2

3

4


Name the bone surgery

7

5

1

3

2

8

4

6

9

10


Chest x ray ( surgery peadiatrics )1-endo-bronchial tube allocated where?2-normal lung is translucent (black)3-what happened to left hemi-thorax ?pleural effusion ? Collapsed lung.


Name number 1 and two

1 surgery

2

Name number 1 and two?


Where is the fracture allocated the image for an adult or pediatrics
Where is the fracture allocated surgery the image for an adult or pediatrics


Name number 1 and two1

1 surgery

2

Name number 1 and two?


1 air is translucent

1-Air is translucent surgery

2- Is the air inside the bowel or outside the bowel



  • Pneumothorax : surgery

  • A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air or gas in the pleural space that separates the lung from the chest wall

  • Pnuemoperitoneum :

  • Pneumoperitoneum is the presence of air or gas in the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity. It is often seen on X-ray, but small amounts are often missed, and CT is needed...


Contrast study
Contrast study surgery

  • Oral contrast:

  • Baruim swallow :A barium swallow (or esophagography) is a medical imaging procedure used to examine the upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract

  • Baruim meal :A barium meal, also known as an upper gastrointestinal series is a procedure in which radiographs of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum

  • Baruim enema :A barium enema, or lower gastrointestinal (GI) examination.

  • I V Contrast :

  • Angiogram

  • Angiography or arteriography is a medical imaging technique used to visualize the inside, or lumen, of blood vessels .

Contrast is radio-opaque


What is the organ examined by this test
What is the organ examined by this test ? surgery

  • 1-Myelogram

  • 2-sialogram

  • 3-mamogram

  • 4-sinogram

  • 5- MRCP

  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

  • 6-ERCP Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography


Baruim meal
Baruim surgery meal


Angiogram which part of the body

1 surgery

2

3

Angiogram :which part of the body

B

5

A


Baruim enema double contrast
baruim surgery enema double contrast


  • Ultrasound surgery

    An ultrasound machine creates images that allow various organs in the body to be examined.

    The machine sends out high-frequency sound waves, which reflect off body structures.

    A computer receives these reflected waves and uses them to create a picture. Unlike with an x-ray or CT scan, there is no ionizing radiation exposure with this test.


  • Ultrasound surgery

  • Aim

  • Tech

  • Advantage vs disadvantage

    Organ limitation

    Uses


Us machine
US MACHINE surgery



Us appearance
Us appearance surgery

  • Hyper –echoic:

    Means More bright

  • Hypo-echoic :

    Means Less bright

  • US cannot penetrate

  • Bone and air

  • (skull –lung )

  • Us is operator

  • Dependant

  • Can we do it for

  • Pregnant patient ?


Gall stone
GALL STONE surgery


Ct machine
CT MACHINE surgery


  • -Xray computed tomography surgery , also computed tomography (CT scan), computed axial tomography (CAT scan) or computer assisted tomography is a medical imaging procedure that uses computer-processed X-rays to produce tomographic images or 'slices' of specific areas of the body.

  • These cross-sectional images are used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in various medical disciplines.


Remember
REMEMBER surgery

  • THERE IS A LARGE AMOUNT OF RADITION

    IN CT EXAMINATION

  • DURING THE STUDY :

  • iv CONTRAST IS USEDE

    WITH PRECAUTION

  • ORAL CONTRAST

    IS SAFE

RADITION RISK-pregnancy ?

CONTRAST RISK







Mr machine
MR MACHINE surgery


MRI surgery

  • MRI can create more detailed images of the human body than are possible with X-rays.

  • is a Medical imaging used in radiology to visualize internal structures of the body in detail.


  • Radiofrequency magnetic fields are applied to systematically alter the alignment of this magnetization.This causes the nuclei to produce a rotating magnetic field detectable by the scanner—and this information is recorded to construct an image .


Mri brain

MRI Brain a large, powerful


Mr knee
MR KNEE a large, powerful

IN MRI SOFT TISSUE BEETER VISULIASED


X ray knee
X RAY KNEE a large, powerful

ONLY BONE CAN BE SEEN


Mr knee1
MR KNEE a large, powerful

  • IN X-RAY

    YOU CAN NOT SEE

    THE LIGMENT

IN MRI SOFT TISSUE BEETER VISUALISED



Mr brain sagitall
MR BRAIN SAGITALL a large, powerful

  • WHAT IS THE CONTRA-INDICATION

  • TO DO MRI BRAIN ?

  • سوال بالامتحان

  • 1-

  • 2-

  • 3-


R eference book and the relevant page numbers
R a large, powerful eference book and the relevant page numbers..

  • Radiology secret page 6-30

  • Diagnostic imaging

  • Peter armstrong page 1-13


T hank you

T a large, powerful hank You 


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