Technology Diplomacy - historical perspective and approaches. DST sponsored training programme on Technology Diplomacy. Deepak Bhatnagar Head, Centre for International Trade in Technology [email protected] [email protected] Technology Diplomacy – its ‘ raison d’ etre’.
“ India’s well wishers have long been puzzled that a literate country that has done all the right things in half a century of independence, creating a network of vigorous public research laboratories, recruiting scientists and engineers to them and driving the standards of engineering education to the highest level, should have reaped so little benefit from its investments.
Now, the tide has begun to turn, with India’s software industry making its mark in international markets. India, the authentic land of the tiger, looks like being the next Asian Tiger’
- Sir John Maddox, Editor Emeritus, Nature
(‘Wootz’ derived from the Kannada word ‘UKKU’ meaning steel)
-200 years of foreign rule upto 1947
-India was used as a base for raw material exploitation
-Traditional Industrial activities at Cottage level
- S&T as a critical input for economic development of the country
-National Policy on Socialistic pattern of growth
-Centralized Planning and State Controlled economy
-Thrust on Self reliance and Import substitution
-New Industrial Policy of 1991
-Globalization of Trade and Economy driven by market forces
-Focus on ‘hi-tech’ initiatives to yield ‘value-added’ products and services
-Technology as a prime vehicle for India’s economic growth and sustenance
Advent of globalization- World is increasingly becoming inter-dependent, not just in the supply of raw materials and machinery, but more so in terms of technology and knowledge sharing and transfer.
Science, technology and innovation is going to determine the economic and political power of the
International diplomacy now demands that government negotiators deal with both specialization and integration.
“…the provision of science and technology advice to multilateral negotiations and the implementation of the result of such negotiations at the national level. It therefore covers activities at both international level and national level pursuant to international commitments.”
- devastated by World War II
- Scientists migrating to US
- Europe pooled resources based on their GDP and set up CERN.
Objectives:The primary objective of INDIA GATE is to boost the Scientific and Technological cooperation between India and the European Union by creating a single space for discovering information about available funding opportunities for EU institutions and individuals in India.
- following recommendations of the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (UNCSTD)
Few notable programmes:
• Indo-US S&T Forum and the DST-NSF arrangements
• An integrated long term program of cooperation with Russia (ILTP)
• Indo-German experience started in the ‘60s with atomic energy and space and has now extended in other areas, including academic exchanges through DAAD, Humboldt, Max –Planck-Gesselschaft and others.
• Indo-French Centre for the promotion of Advanced research (CEFIPRA)
• Indo-British exchanges –seeds were sown in the academic institutions
• DST-Japan society for promotion of science(JSPS) and Science &Technology Agency (STA)
• ASEAN –India S&T forum
When Indian scientists are felicitated for their achievements and contributions abroad, one has a feeling that they are truly the ‘brand ambassadors ‘ of our country.
- Indo-US agreement on Hydrogen Energy Technology
“ It is an inherent obligation of a great country like India, with its traditions of scholarship and original thinking and its great cultural heritage to participate fully in the march of science, which is probably mankind’s greatest enterprise today”
- Jawaharlal Nehru
Huge opportunity for growth only if innovation becomes part of the business ethic
15 agro-climatic zones
15000 medicinal plants
(7000 plants used in Ayurveda, 700 in Unani medicine, 600 in Siddha medicine & 30 in modern medicine)
Source: INDIA-TRADE, CMIE
Source: INDIA-TRADE, CMIE
“this will put us on a new and much stronger platform to harness our capabilities in drug development, manufacturing and global reach”
- 99% of Pharma market is outside India.
- Access to technology (alliances with Big Pharma brought certainty of US markets)
- Foothold on the unbranded generics business
FUNGISOMETM development at Delhi University & KEM Hospital, Mumbai was supported by DBT, MoST, GoI.
Technology transferred to Lifecare Innovations Through National Research Development Corporation.
R&D at Lifecare Innovations led to the commercialization
of FUNGISOMETMwhich was supported by DSIR, MoST,
GoI under the auspices of PATSER (Program Aimed at Techonological Self Reliance).
“One need not be ashamed to express ignorance. It is hiding of one’s ignorance that one should be ashamed of.”These were the words of Prof.B.K. Bachhawat.August 16, 1925- September 23, 1996
Indian Industry not ready to absorb the technology arrived before time.Turbulent time for J.N. Verma After one failure of commercialization efforts, NRDC facilitated foundation of Lifecare Innovations
Liposomal Amphotericin : before time.
Produced in the lab
LAMP LRC 1
Liposomal Amphotericin :
Produced at Lifecare
Bench to Bedside
FUNGISOME before time.TM-
"The new Gold Standard"
PATSER Providing Strength before time.
Systemic Fungal Infections and development of Indian Liposomal Amphotericin B
The special issue of the Journal highlighted matchless safety,
therapeutic success and economy of treatment