Structure. Propulsion. Lunar Transportation System. GISS Apprentices’ Design. As the chart illustrates, the chosen propulsion systems for our transport vehicles are chemically-powered rockets and Ion Drive propulsion. . Ion Drive Propulsion. Chemical Rockets. Background
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Lunar Transportation System
GISS Apprentices’ Design
As the chart illustrates, the chosen propulsion systems for our transport vehicles are chemically-powered rockets and Ion Drive propulsion.
Ion Drive Propulsion
The Apollo program sent 12 Americans to the lunar surface between 1969 and 1972, but humans have not set foot on the moon since then. In January 2004, President Bush announced a new focus for US space policy. The goal is to return humans to the moon by 2020, and eventually create a permanent base to use as a jumping-point for further exploration of the solar system.
Structure of the system depends on the mission, which in turn is dependent on the policy governing NASA. NASA’s goal is to create a cost-efficient lunar transport system which will sustain operations for long periods of time, as well as have the ability to be adapted to future Mars missions. The system must also be implemented fairly quickly, with a reasonable amount of effort spent on development.
The transport system would ideally consist of two reusable vehicles, since this arrangement would be the most practical and cost-efficient to operate. However, when research and development (R & D) costs are taken into consideration, a system combining an expendable Cargo Launch Vehicle (CaLV) with a reusable Lunar Cargo Transport Vehicle (LCTV) provides a compromise between overall cost-efficiency and practicality.
Using current and emerging technological developments, design a system capable of transporting materials needed for a lunar colony from the earth to the moon.
Without cargo, arms deployed
Cargo loaded, solar panels deployed
The initial launch will consist of two Ares V rockets, one carrying cargo and the other carrying the Lunar Cargo Transport Vehicle (LCTV). In LEO, the cargo will be autonomously loaded onto the LCTV. Then, the LCTV will propel the cargo to the moon, where the craft lands and the cargo will be unloaded. The LCTV will then take off from the lunar surface and return to LEO, where it will be able to receive new moon-bound cargo.
Our lunar cargo transportation system consists of a partially expendable Cargo Launch Vehicle and a reusable Lunar Cargo Transport Vehicle. The vehicle construction will use RCC, HRSI, and AFRSI, within existing vehicle framework. The automated LCTV will be solar-powered with battery backup, and will use fly-by-optics for flight control. In space, the vehicle will be propelled with argon-powered solar electric propulsion. Our system will be for unmanned cargo-only missions from the earth to the moon.
Composites are engineered materials made of 2 or more materials with different properties combined with a resin (glue).
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS)
NASA New York City Research Initiative (NYCRI)
Stevens Institute of Technology (SIT)
Dr. Siva Thangam, PI
Prof. Joseph Miles, PI
William Carroll, HST
Alyssa Barlis, HSS
Michael Creech, HSS
Marina Dawoud, HSS
NASA’s Exploration Systems Architecture Study Final Report completed November 2005. <www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/exploration/news/ESAS_report.html>
Colliding Beam Fusion Reactor Space Propulsion System. A. Cheung, M. Binderbauer, F. Liu,
A. Qerushi, N. Rostoker, and F. J. Wessel.