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Using Total Cost of Ownership To Make Decisions League of Innovation Conference March 13, 2013 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Using Total Cost of Ownership To Make Decisions League of Innovation Conference March 13, 2013. Greg Nelson Vice President of Administrative Services. San José City College. Founded in 1921 10 th Oldest Community College in California Accredited by the ACCJC/WASC

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Using Total Cost of Ownership To Make Decisions League of Innovation Conference March 13, 2013

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Using Total Cost of Ownership To Make Decisions

League of Innovation Conference

March 13, 2013

Greg Nelson

Vice President of Administrative Services

San José City College

  • Founded in 1921

  • 10th Oldest Community College in California

  • Accredited by the ACCJC/WASC

  • Approximately 10k Students

San José City College

Accreditation Requirements

  • Plan to Support the Operations and Maintenance of New Planned Facilities

  • Plan must include actual calculations of Total Cost of Ownership of New Facilities & Equipment

  • Plan Also Must Include Planned Maintenance and Maintaining Existing Equipment of Existing Facilities

A 2010 Retrospective

  • No Identifiable Methodology

  • No Preventative Maintenance

  • No Consistent Data

  • No Calculation of TCO

  • No Formalized Process

  • Placed On Sanctions

Total Cost of Ownership

  • Traditionally Used for IT Hardware

  • Traditionally Used for IT Software

  • Used in Many Corporate Sectors for Investment purposes

  • What About Higher Education?

What is Your Definition of Total Cost of Ownership?

TCO Lifecycle

San José City College


“…to determine a value that will reflect the true, effective cost of the San José City College

facility including planning, design, constructing and equipping of the facility and also the recurring costs to operate the facility over the useful lifespan on the facility.”

College Goals Related to TCO

  • 1. Establish an agreed upon systematic procedure for the evaluation of existing and proposed college facilities

  • 2. Utilize the concept of to develop a process for the evaluation of facilities that can be integrated into the overall TCO

  • 3. Develop a procedure for the assessment of existing and proposed facilities that utilizes existing data from college files

College Goals Related to TCO

  • 4. Ensure that the database developed for the procedure is compatible with current state reporting systems

  • 5. Design the prototype system in a manner that allows the College to annually update the information in the system and add additional data elements related to planning and budgeting

Building the Foundation

  • Formalized Plan and Process

  • Assessed All Campus Facilities

  • Instituted Data Collection Process

  • Established TCO Equation

  • Link Process to Decision Making

How Did We Approach It?

Reviewed Revised Master Plan

Demolishing and New Construction

What Data Was Present

How Are We Integrating Preventative Maintenance Issues

What Was Missing

San José City CollegeTotal Cost of Ownership Process

Existing Facilities

  • Approximately 480k Square Feet of Existing Space

  • Some Buildings Scheduled for Demolishing

  • Buildings That Need Non-Aesthetic Upgrades

  • Newer Buildings Built in Last 10 years

  • Buildings from 1948 to 2012

  • Campus is Land Locked




New Facilities

Renovate Existing Vo-Tech Facilities

New Media Arts Center

New Kinesiology, Athletics & Wellness Bldg.

Underground Infrastructure Improvements

New Campus Loop Road

San José City CollegeTotal Cost of Ownership Process

Ongoing Costs

  • Payroll & Benefits – Custodial, Facilities Maintenance, Grounds, Management & Support Staff For These Employee Groups

  • Elevator & Other Service Related Contracts

  • Taxes – If Any

Ongoing Costs

  • Energy, Water/Sewer, & Gas

  • Maintenance Costs i.e. Filters, Bulbs etc.

  • Telecommunication Related Costs

Present Value (R & S)

  • Current value of existing facilities based on Santa Clara County Assessors Office and Commercial Rates in South bay (Buildings older than 1980 with no improvements value at 35% of replacement value. Buildings after 1980 with renovation, seismic upgrades or new facilities value at 80-90% of replacement value)

  • Some Counties or Municipalities Complete Assessed Value for College For Exemption Calculations

  • Multi-County Service Areas With Capital Assets Can Vary By County

Present Value (Replacement)

  • Costs associated with replacing a facility or unit of a facility at the present fair market value or other third party assessment if fmv not available

  • Gilbane Building Company and Foundation for Community Colleges (FUSION Database)

  • Gilbane for Continuing and New Facilities

  • Foundation for Community Colleges for Buildings Scheduled to be Demolished

TCO Equation

  • TCO = REPL – RES + E + W+ OM&R + O + P

  • TCO = Total Cost of Ownership

  • REPL = Present Value of Capital Replacement Costs

  • RES = Present Value (resale value, salvage value)

  • E = Present Value of Energy Costs

  • W = Present Value of Water Costs

  • OM&R = Present Value of Operating, Maintenance & Repairs Costs

  • O = Present Value of other known costs (contracts for services)

  • P = Payroll Costs of Maintenance & Custodial Personnel

Preventative Maintenance

Which One Are You?

Where We Are Now

  • Removed From Sanctions

  • Clear Calculations and Assumptions

  • Making Informed Decisions

  • Transparent to All Stakeholders

  • Proven Process

  • Good Data Sets and Criteria

Full Documents


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