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Sentinel: Dynamic Fire Location Mapping. Near- Real Time Emergency Mapping. ‘Sentinel’ Satellite Mapping of Fire Hotspots. Environmental Remote Sensing Group CSIRO Land and Water Defence Imagery & Geospatial Organisation. Collaborators.

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Sentinel:

Dynamic

Fire Location

Mapping


Near real time emergency mapping

Near- Real Time Emergency Mapping

‘Sentinel’

Satellite Mapping of Fire Hotspots

Environmental Remote Sensing Group

CSIRO Land and Water

Defence Imagery

& Geospatial Organisation


Collaborators
Collaborators

  • FundingDefence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation (DIGO)

  • ImageryGeoscience Australia (GA)

  • ImplementationCSIRO

    • Using NASA and University of Maryland algorithms

    • Based on GeoMAC fire site hosted by the USGS.


Digo s needs
DIGO’s needs

  • Support Defence personneldeployed in civil emergencies

  • Continental solution

  • Identified MODIS data as a possible solution


Key requirements
Key Requirements

  • All Australia Hotspot Mapping by December 2002

  • Satellite to Website in One hour.

  • MODIS sensor selected

    • for it’s dynamic range

    • it’s revisit frequency

    • Terra and Aqua platforms


Key requirements1
Key Requirements

  • Background imagery

    • for context

    • underneath the ‘hotspots’

    • by 6 am AEST (18:00 UTC).

  • Maps with fire locations delivered as

    • electronic graphic images (web map interface)

    • faxable B/W map products

    • email data distribution.


Sentinel project daily hotspot detection example
“SENTINEL” ProjectDaily Hotspot Detection Example

Dec. 26 – Jan. 10

Sequential days in

different colours

January 1 – 24 ‘02


Terra satellite
Terra Satellite

Launched December 18,1999

MODIS

MOPITT

ASTER

MISR

CERES


Moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer modis
MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)

  • NASA, Terra & Aqua

    • launches 1999, 2002

    • 705 km polar orbits, descending (10:30 a.m.) & ascending (1:30 p.m.)

  • Sensor Characteristics

    • 36 spectral bands ranging from 0.41 to 14.385 µm

    • cross-track scan mirror with 2330 km swath width

    • Spatial resolutions:

      250 m (bands 1 - 2)

      500 m (bands 3 - 7)

      1000 m (bands 8 – 36)

    • 2% reflectance calibration accuracy

    • onboard solar diffuser & solar diffuser stability monitor

http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/


Modis synoptic coverage june 24 2002
MODIS Synoptic CoverageJune 24, 2002

Terra image

Aqua image three hours later

(images courtesy of the NASA MODIS Science Team)


Other natural events that require sub daily monitoring tracking
Other Natural Events that requiresub-daily Monitoring & Tracking

Dust Cloud

October 23, 2002

10:05 am

(Terra)

1:35 pm

(Aqua)


Other natural events that require daily monitoring tracking
Other Natural Events that Require Daily Monitoring & Tracking

Typhoon Silaku off Japan

Sept. 4/2002

Phytoplankton Blooms

Gulf of St. Vincent, Feb. 19, 2002


Implementation

Implementation Tracking

Peter Dyce & Alan Marks

CSIRO Land and Water


Hotspot Locations are generated by combining Tracking

information from several MODIS bands.

HOTSPOT DETECTION


ACRES Data Acquisition Facility Tracking

Alice Springs

HOTSPOT

Linux server

Data Transferredas a text file to Canberravia secure copy protocol

Image Processing:

  • Conversion of signal to imagery

  • Geolocation.

  • Calibration.

  • Fire Product Processing

  • Fire Location point extraction

Image Reception

Image receivedby

X-Band Receiver

INFRASTRUCTURE…


SDE-bu Tracking

GIS database

IMS-bu

Map Server

Web Server

Map Making

  • Map Server receives

    requests from Web Server

  • Queries made

  • GIS Layers and Imagery

    combined to generate

    maps which are sent to

    the Web Server

Incorporation into GIS

  • Data reformatted

  • Imported into Geodatabase

  • Database processes queries

    from the Map Server and

    datareturned.

Web Map Serving

  • Web Server receives

    requests from clients

    (user browsers)

  • Requests Passed to the

    Map server

  • Maps served to the clients

INFRASTRUCTURE…

Canberra


PRODUCTS… Tracking

Hotspotdatafile

-19.525,147.465,322.6,1.0,1.0

-19.527,147.475,331.0,1.0,1.0

-19.703,145.773,333.0,1.1,1.0

-20.023,145.398,332.1,1.1,1.0

-20.566,148.250,330.5,1.0,1.0

-20.293,146.196,330.7,1.0,1.0

-20.294,146.206,342.2,1.0,1.0

-20.296,146.216,342.7,1.0,1.0

-20.250,145.858,329.5,1.1,1.0

-20.305,146.214,330.0,1.0,1.0

-20.261,145.867,330.3,1.1,1.0

-20.314,146.213,331.3,1.0,1.0

-20.315,146.223,337.1,1.0,1.0

-20.325,146.221,332.5,1.0,1.0

-20.595,145.525,330.7,1.1,1.0

-20.669,145.464,332.4,1.1,1.0

-20.935,145.180,365.2,1.1,1.0

+

=

Hotspot data map layer

Geographic Data provides context.


Internet Dissemination Tracking

Canberra

Internet


The sentinel bushfire website
The SENTINEL Bushfire Website Tracking

www.sentinel.csiro.au


Web Maps are Dynamic. Tracking

  • Fire Locations are displayed in relation to other Geographic data

  • Maps are rendered and displayed on according to user interaction

  • Contextual layers can be added or removed.

  • Maps can be panned and zoomed.

  • Maps Layers are scale sensitive providing more information atlarge scaleswithout clutteringthe display at small scales.










Future earth observing system concept
Future Earth Observing System Concept Tracking

SENTINEL AUSTRALIA

Delivery System:

FireMap

LandCam

CoastCam

RiverCam

Top Level

Projects:

  • ‘Wealth from Oceans’

  • Coastal Managers

  • HC-FP

  • Fisheries/Aquaculture

  • Rainforest-Reef Joint Bid

  • DIGO

  • EMA

  • RFS

  • E-Australia FP

  • HC-FP

  • NRM Landcare

  • Rainforest CRC

  • MDBC

  • NRM Boards

Linkages: :

Specialised

Projects:

SugarCam

ReefCam

  • QSL

  • Canegrowers, Mills

  • GBMPA/AIMS


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