Paranoid Personality Disorder. By: Dagoberto Pimentel. What is PPD?.
Paranoid Personality Disorder
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Paranoid Personality Disorder is when a person is extremely suspicious, vigilant, and on guard towards other people based on the belief that others intend to harm them either physically, emotionally, or mentally. The inflicted person does not need any evidence in order to carry out their accusations.
Associative features include, but are noty limited to, extreme suspicion of others and on guard against potential danger or harm.
Views of how the world works are very narrow focused, and constantly tries to confirm their expectations that others will try to take advantage of them, making it nearly impossible for them to trust even their friends and associates.
Known to accuse spouse or partner of being unfaithful, even if no sustaining evidence exist.
Unable to take responsibility for their mistakes, instead projects blame onto others.
Known to hold grudges for years based on real or imagined actions byanother person.
Extremely vulnerable to criticism.
Sees hostilities where none exist.
Distinct in social environments, cold and aggressive.
Difficulty relaxing, stubborn, argumentative
Lacks sense of humor, low self image.
Etiology & Prevalence
The disorder is most likely gene related considering that if there is history of Schizoid or schizophrenia in the family, chances are offspring may develop PPD. Studies show that PPD can be acquired due to trauma or past experiences at the same level of severity.
PPD is more common in males, and tends to pop up in early childhood or teen years. Probability of occurring is increased based on family history of illness, or abused, mistreated.
PPD is very hard to treat considering that patients tend to not trust their doctors and avoid medication. Medication can be prescribed so patients can see their actions more clearly, and therapy sessions are common when treating patients. Medications prevent delusions and calm the patient down, while therapy exposes the patient to the real world for glimpses that might eventually allow the patient to live a satisfactory life.
Unfortunately, PPD can never truly be cured. If therapy or medication stops, the symptoms will return quickly. However, if treatment is successful, patients can live a satisfactory life, although never truly 100% normal. Due to its hard treatment, most cases don’t end well, with the patient having to live a social less life.
Myers, D.G(2011). Myers’ Psychology for AP. New York, NY:Worth Publishers.
RelayHealth.(2010).Paranoid Personalty Disorder. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/src/detail?sid=4abeb339-dec5-4f1e-a06d-a596cd32704e%40sessionmgr12&vid=7&hid=13&bdata=JnNpdGU9c3JjLWxpdmU%3d#db=hxh&AN=36255583
Why do you think that although PPD patients are hostile, and aggressive, they hardly ever reach the point of violence?