Magnetism. Ferromagnetic Materials Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt. Magnetic Domains. Magnetic Tape. The Earth’s Whimsical Magnetic Field. Magnets have Magnetic Fields. Moving electrons produce magnetic fields. Earth's Magnetic Field. Where does the field come from?.
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The Earth’s Whimsical Magnetic Field
The earth’s magnetic field is thought to be generated by fluid motions in the liquid, outer part of the earth’s core.
Paleomagnetism refers to the orientation of the Earth's magnetic field as it is preserved in various magnetic iron bearing minerals throughout time.
The study of paleomagnetism has demonstrated that the Earth's magnetic field has changed over time.
The magnetic poles are moving by about 10 km per year.
Geomagnetic Polarity Reversals
Example of Ocean Floor
The intensity of the magnetic field (inTesla) decreases more rapidly in recent years.
The magnetic field lines generated in the mantle then spread to the surface of the earth and create the magnetosphere which protects the earth from radiation from the sun (solar wind).
The Earth's Magnetosphere
1) The solar wind is a stream of ionized gases that blows outward from the Sun at about 400 km/second.
2) The Earth's magnetic field shields it from much of the solar wind. When the solar wind encounters Earth's magnetic field it is deflected.
3) The magnetosphere represents a region of space dominated by the Earth's magnetic field in the sense that it largely prevents the solar wind from entering.
Some high energy charged particles from the solar wind leak into the magnetosphere and are the source of the charged particles trapped in magnetic field lines called the Van Allen belts.
When trapped charged particles in the Van Allen Belts react with atmospheric molecules they emit light.
This creates the appearance of luminous bands or streamers called auroras.
Electric Currents and Magnetism.
There is more to it than like poles repel and opposite poles attract. It has to do with electrical charge.
Moving electrons create a magnetic field!
solenoid (or inductor)
Magnetic fields that move across a wire create electricity!
An electric motor converts electricity to motion.
An electric generator converts motion to electricity.
Power plants create electrical power using generators called turbines.