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Best Practices of the Coping with Drought and Climate Change Project Kalu Woreda of South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia Gebru Jember, Climate Change Forum-Ethiopia. Background.

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Best Practices of the Coping with Drought and Climate Change Project

Kalu Woreda of South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia

Gebru Jember,

Climate Change Forum-Ethiopia



  • The UNDP/GEF initiated, Coping with Drought and Climate Change, is a model project under implementation in four African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
  • The main objective of the project is to pilot drought and climate change activities in the four drought affected countries, where the impacts of drought have been found disastrous.
  • The project in Kalu woreda of south wollo zone, Ethiopia, as one of the pilot projects was initiated to underline experience sharing across the project countries in the efforts to cope with drought and climate change.
  • There was strong coordination since the inception, planning and implementation at both national and local level
  • Initial Challenges:
  • During design
  • Coordinating all stakeholders
  • Implementation of some activities took longer due to additional training required


  • Outcome 1: - Livelihood strategies that enhance the resilience of vulnerable farmers to
  • cope with drought and climate change adopted and sustained.
  • I. Output 1.1: Market oriented alternative livelihood strategies that enhance resilience and
  • income introduced and promoted
  • II. Output 1.2: Production oriented sustainable land management practices introduced and
  • promoted
  • 2. Outcome 2:- Enhanced use of early warning information in Agricultural systems at the
  • selected pilot site;
  • I. Output 2.1: Integrated drought information communication system established;
  • II. Output 2.2: Capacity of community level institutions for climate information and risk
  • management enhanced
  • III. Output 2.3: Capacity of local Meteorological Institutions Developed
  • 3. Outcome 3: - Farmers/Pastoralists outside the Pilot sites Replicated Successful Approaches
  • to Cope with Drought & climate change
  • I. Output 3.1: Farmers/Agro pastoralist outside the pilot kebeles are exposed to successful
  • approaches and practices of the pilot kebeles
  • II. Output 3.2: Acquired knowledge and lesson learnt shared with development actors and
  • communities outside the pilot kebeles

Livestock production

- Shoats promotion

- Forage development

- Bee hives production


Crop production

Promotion of fruits and vegetables

  • Improved seeds provision
    • provision of drought resistant, high yielding and early maturing varieties of cereals and pulses seeds
    • Rice promotion, Horticulture
    • Management of agronomic measures
    • Transfer systems
  • Integrated pest management

Rice promotion


EW information communication

  • Data Base
    • At WOoA, Meteo offices
      • Softwares,
      • trainings,
      • Computers
    • At kebele
      • Ordinary and plastic rain gauges
      • training

Community Based NRM

  • CB NRM
  • Intent
  • Modality
  • Watersheds
  • Biophysical
  • Integrated
  • Impacts
irrigation development
Irrigation development
  • Irrigation Dev’t
    • The need
    • Flumes
    • Water harvesting
    • Pumps and hoses

Flood protection

    • Felana river trained
    • Two KAs
  • Marketing and value chain
  • Environmental Management
  • Environmental protection committees
  • Solid waste management
  • Environmental education
  • Alternative energy sources for environmental protection

Achievements and Lessons Learned

a.  The project were able to bring together line departments at district level under one

steering committee and there by integrate the activities of the project into the departments

plan and operations – created effective local project management structure

b.   Local level climate and meteorological information system including meteorological

observation at farmyard that improved farmers decision for agricultural operations

c.   An integrated natural resource management including water harvesting, reforestation and

natural biomass regeneration, irrigation which improved food and fed production  

d.  Non-cash revolving fund that  improved household income on one side and enhanced

community cohesion for self-help actions;

e.  Introduction of agronomic techniques including for horticulture and crop production through

training and demonstration

f.   Old wisdom solution for new challenge (Integrated past management);

g. Farmers/Pastoralists outside the Pilot sites replicate successful approaches to cope with

drought & climate change