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Before Reading_Main. Before Reading. Global Reading. Detailed Reading. After Reading. 1. Three Types of Doctors. General Practitioners. Specialists. Researchers. 2. Careers in Medicine in the US. 3. Warm-up Questions. Before Reading_1.1. Before Reading. Global Reading.

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Before reading main

Before Reading_Main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Three Types of Doctors

General Practitioners

Specialists

Researchers

2. Careers in Medicine in the US

3. Warm-up Questions


Before reading 1 1

Before Reading_1.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

General Practitioners

Directions: Listen to the following paragraph and fill in the blanks.

A general practitioner cares for patients with all kinds of illness. Hemay not have training in any one field of , but develops a wide knowledge of all kinds of illness. He babies, diagnoses diseases, surgery, and sets broken bones. The general practitioner often becomes extremely

in the art of medical practice.

_______

special

________

medicine

_______

performs

_______

delivers

_______

skillful


Before reading 3 14

Before Reading_3.14

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Specialists

Directions: Listen to the following paragraph and fill in the blanks.

Certain fields of medicine require special

training and skill. One specialist is a surgeon, who treats diseases by means of operations.

Some doctors prefer to treat only certain kinds of illness, thus becoming specialists in their fields. Other doctors often consult them when a patient needs their special skill and knowledge. For example, a general practitioner might refer a pregnant woman to an obstetrician. The obstetrician cares for her and delivers her baby. A pediatrician, who specializes in

diseases, then takes over the care of the infant.

________

advanced

_______

surgical

_______

chosen

childhood

________


Before reading 3 15

Before Reading_3.15

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Researchers

Some doctors do not practice medicine after they complete medical training. They prefer to devote their time to medical research. These doctors often help teach future physicians in medical schools. At the same time, they use the laboratories and hospital facilities of the medical schools to conduct research programs.

Many medical researchers work in large hospital centers, while many physicians conduct research programs in addition to their private practices.


Before reading 3 151

Before Reading_3.15

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Careers in Medicine in the US

Directions: Listen to the paragraph and write down the steps to become a real doctor.

To become a medical doctor in the US, one must attend four years of college and receive a bachelor’s degree, followed by four years of medical school. Then he becomes an intern in a hospital and receives supervised practical training. As an intern, he has to “make rounds” with other doctors, visiting hospital patients. He is supposed to help give special treatments and answer emergency calls in the hospital at any time of day and night. Finally he becomes a resident at a hospital. Like the intern, he learns by observing the work of others. But the resident has much more responsibility than the intern. He often assists experienced surgeons during operations. In an emergency, he may take over the work of the staff surgeon. Internship and residency combined take three to five years,


Before reading 3 16

Before Reading_3.16

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

depending on one’s areas of specialization. Hospitals have several interns and many residents on their staff. A resident who is completing his / her residency period and who has thereby distinguished himself / herself is selected to be chief resident, a position of greater responsibility.

Key

to attend 4 years of medical college and receive a bachelor’s degree

_______________________________________________________

followed by 4 years of medical school

_______________________________

an intern in a hospital

_________________

a resident at a hospital

__________________

selected to be a chief resident

________________________


Before reading 3 18

Before Reading_3.18

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Warm-up Questions

1. What do you think of a doctor’s life?

It is busy, stable, clean exhausting, well-paid, respectable, responsible, etc.

2. What makes a successful surgeon?

Medical Knowledge, sense of duty, self-confidence, rich experience, etc.

3. Have you ever been operated on? What do you think of the medical profession in China?

4. Do you want to be a doctor? Why or why not?

5. Are you afraid of making mistakes? What helps you overcome them? Can you give an example?


Globe reading main

Globe Reading_main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Part Division of the Text

2. Further Understanding

For Part I

Questions and Answers

For Part II

Oral Practice

Blank Filling

Multiple Choice

Head Matching

For Part III

Questions and Answers


Globe reading 1

Globe Reading.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Part Division of the Text

Parts

Lines

Main Ideas

1

1 — 9

The author raises the question and gives the answer.(Confidence is the key to success.)

The author supports the main idea by giving examples.

2

10 — 45

3

46 — 52

The author repeats and strengthens the main idea. (Conceit encourages a doctor in trying moments.)


Globe reading 2 part2

Globe Reading.2-part2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Questions and Answers

Directions: Go through the first two paragraphs and answer the following questions.

1. What question did Dr. Nolen ask himself as the year of his chief residency came to an end?

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”?

2. What was his answer?

His answer was self-confidence.

3. When can a doctor say to himself that he is indeed a surgeon?

When he can say to himself ,“There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then is he indeed a surgeon.


Globe reading 2 part3

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Oral Practice

Go over paragraph three again and form a dialogue between a new resident at a hospital and one of his parents. He gives vent to his anxiety and his parents try to comfort him. Make full use of the information in this paragraph.


Globe reading 2 part31

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Blank Filling

Directions: Read the second part again and fill in the information to show the changes of the author.

Past

Now

Reason for change

Changes

Learned to accept decision making as a constant problem for a surgeon and could live with it.

Sleeping was no longer a problem.

__________________

________

Had trouble getting back to sleep.

_______________________

__________________________

__________________________

_________

____________

____

Sleeping

Reviewed all the facts of the case and wondered if he had made a poor decision.

Had knowledge and experience.

________________

_____________

_____________

_____________

_____________

_____________

____________

Any decision he had made was bound to be a sound one.

________________

________________

_____________

Making decisions


Globe reading 2 part4

Globe Reading.2-part4

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Past

Now

Reason for change

Changes

Had the knowledge, the skill and the experience to handle any surgical situation in practice.

No need to sweat any more and could handle whatever he found.

There were butterflies in his stomach and he sweated through the operation.

_________

____________

____________

________

_________

_________

__________________

__________________

________________

__________________________

__________________________

__________________________

During operation

_____________

Was afraid of it.

Knew they were part of a surgeon’s life.

Still dreaded errors—would do best to avoid them.

____________________

_____________

__________________

__________________

_____

Making mistakes


Globe reading 2 part32

KEY

KEY

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Multiple Choices

1. When he first became a resident, Dr. Nolen had trouble going to sleep because ____________.

A) he was not confident that he had made a right decision

B) he was nervous about what would happen to other doctors

C) he was waiting for the emergency call

D) he was reviewing all the facts of a certain case

2. In the last month of his residency, sleeping was no longer a problem because ___________.

A) he has got used to the emergency calls

B) he has learned to make no mistakes

C) he has gained confidence in himself

D) he was sure that the decisions he had made were all sound ones


Globe reading 2 part33

KEY

KEY

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

3. What can you infer from the sentence “I had sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures”?

A) The author has done all kinds of surgical operations.

B) The author was very busy every day.

C) The author was nervous in dealing with these operations.

D) The author found his work very exciting.

4. Now the author has learned to __________.

A) take the sole responsibility for the mistake in judgment

B) avoid making mistakes in judgment

C) anticipate the problem in advance

D) take it easy when he has made a mistake


Globe reading 2 part41

KEY

Globe Reading.2-part4

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

5. According to Dr. Nolen a surgeon needs conceit to____________.

A) answer the emergency calls

B) bring him through times of doubt and uncertainty

C) perform a difficult operation

D) live with his mistakes in judgment


Globe reading 2 part34

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Head Matching

This text has seven paragraphs. Choose the suitable heading for each paragraph from the list of headings (1-7). Write the appropriate number after each heading. There are more headings than paragraphs so you will not use all of them.

I.

II.

III.

IV.

V.

VI.

VII.

VIII.

IX.

X.

XI.

XII.

The time when a doctor finally becomes a “surgeon”.

Self-confidence is the key to the making of a surgeon.

A surgeon needs conceit to encourage him.

Decisions I had made were sound ones.

Examples to show the lack of confidence.

Dreaded the ringing of the telephone call.

Had butterflies in stomach when performed operation.

Not afraid of making mistakes.

Equally confident in the operating room.

Mistakes are part of a surgeon’s life.

Sleeping was no longer a problem.

Sweated over operations for five years.


Globe reading 2 part42

Example Para 1 Answer

I

Globe Reading.2-part4

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

___

II

Para 2

Para 3

Para 4

Para 5

Para 6

Para 7

___

V

___

XI

___

IX

___

VIII

___

III


Globe reading 2 part35

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Questions and Answers

What does the author want to emphasize in the last part?

Conceit encourages a doctor in trying moments.


Article

Article

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

A famous surgeon tells about the importance of self-confidence from his own experience.


Article1 s

Article1_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Making of a Surgeon

Dr. Nolen

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.


Article1 w

Article1_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Making of a Surgeon

Dr. Nolen

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.


Article1 s1

Article1_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Making of a Surgeon

1. Why does the author use double negation here?

Dr. Nolen

Double negation for emphatic purpose. 双重否定,表示强调。若改成肯定句后,语气变弱。

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

我能胜任对任何外科病人的治疗,我的治疗和其他外科医生一样高明,甚至比其他医生更高明。


Article1 w making

Article1_W_making

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

making: n.

The Making of a Surgeon

1) the process of being made or coming into being

Dr. Nolen

只有艰苦的工作才能造就他。

Hard work will be the making of him.

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

The making of the Chinese is an interesting subject.

2) the qualities needed

He has the makings of a doctor.

Einstein had in him the makings of a great scientist.

Collocation:

make believe

假装;假扮

make for

匆匆走向;扑向

make out

写出;辨认出;理解

make up

补充;捏造,编造;组成

make up for

补偿;弥补


Article1 w recognize

Article1_W_recognize

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Making of a Surgeon

recognize: vt.

1) know or identify (somebody or something) again that one has

seen or heard before

Dr. Nolen

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

你变化太大了,我几乎认不出了。

I can hardly recognize you because you’ve changed such a lot.

Jane recognized Mary in the photograph.

2) admit or be willing to accept somebody or something as beingreal

They refused to recognize our government.

我们承认他的行为是不对的。

We recognized that his act was not right.


Article1 w draw to a close

Article1_W_draw to a close

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Making of a Surgeon

draw to a close: come to an end, draw to an end

Dr. Nolen

这学期就快结束了。

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

This semester is drawing to a close.

The debate drew to a close finally.


Article1 w conclude

Article1_W_conclude

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

conclude: vt.

1) come to believe after consideration of known facts

The Making of a Surgeon

The jury concluded that the man was not guilty.

Dr. Nolen

医生们经过讨论,认为病人太虚弱,不宜手术。

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

Doctors concluded after the discussion that the patient was too weak to be operated on.

2) come or bring to an end

We concluded the meeting at 8 o’clock.

我们8点结束了会议。

He concluded his speech by saying “thank you”.

NB:

conclude的名词形式是conclusion。conclusion常与下面的动词、介词搭配,如:

arrive at

come to a

draw a

reach a

conclusion 得出结论

in conclusion 综上所述,总之

jump to a conclusion 轻率地下结论


Article1 w treat

Article1_W_treat

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

voyage

treat: vt.

use drugs, exercises, etc. in order to cure a person of a disease or heal an injure

The Making of a Surgeon

It is said that he was being treated for a rare skin disease.

西医往往是治标不治本。

Dr. Nolen

Western medicine tends to treat symptoms and not cause.

How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

CF:

treat, cure & heal

这三个动词都有“ 治疗,诊治”的意思。

treat指为某人诊断治疗,强调治疗过程,不强调治疗结果。

cure指治愈,治好,使病人恢复健康。

heal尤指伤口痊愈,治愈。

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

1. Which doctor is her for her illness?

_______

treating

2. Doctor him of his disease.

______

cured

3. The wound is not yet.

________

healed

cure

4. It is said that rest in bed may a cold.

_____

____

5. I will take three months for the broken bone to up.

heal


Article2 s

Article2_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.


Article2 w

Article2_w

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.


Article2 s 1

Article2_S_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Who are Walt and Larry?

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

Walt and Larry are pet names for Walter and Lawrence, two very common English names. Here the author only means that after he had told this person or that person what to do…

2. Can you offer them an equivalent Chinese translation?

张三李四

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.


Article2 s 2

Article2_S_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

Why doesn’t the author use “frequently” instead of “not infrequently”?

这里的not infrequently等于frequently。此种用法是双重否定,等于肯定,目的是加强语气。not + 带否定的前缀词是一种常见的双重否定结构,表示肯定的意思。

He doesn’t feel improper at all.

他根本不觉得有什么不妥。

This is not unreasonable.

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

这不是没道理的。


Article2 w encounter

Article2_w_encounter

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

encounter: vt.

meet unexpectedly, be faced with (something bad, especially a danger or difficulty)

他们在旅行中遇到许多困难。

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

They encountered many difficulties during their trip.

I encountered an old friend of mine on my way home.

CF:

encounter & meet

这两个动词都有“碰到、遇到”的意思。

encounter注重强调一种偶然和意外,还强调遭遇之意。

meet是常用词,不如encounter正式。

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

__________

1. Many men were lost in the forest when they a lion.

encountered

_____

meet

2. It was so kind of you to come all the way to us.

__________

3. They the enemy in border clashes.

encountered


Article2 w critical

Article2_w_critical

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

critical: adj.

1) of a crisis; at a turning point of danger or difficulty

他的情况很危险。

His condition is reported as being critical.

We are at a critical time in our history.

2) finding fault, judging severely

她用挑剔的眼光去看每一件事。

She looks on everything with a critical eye.

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

He made a critical remark on the latest shown film.


Article2 w have

Article2_w_have...

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

have trouble doing something: have difficulty (in) doing something

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

我的汽车发动不起来。

I had trouble getting my car started.

这小男孩转不动球。

The little boy has trouble getting the ball moving.

Collocation:

have difficulty (in) doing something

做某事有困难

have good time doing something

有足够时间做某事

have problem doing something

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

做某事有问题

have fun doing something

做某事有趣


Article2 w relax

Article2_w_relax

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and,

relax: v. become less active or rigid

The music will help you relax.

我们今天去野餐,放松一下。

Let’s relax ourselves by going on a picnic.

not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.


Article3 s

Article3_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article3 w

Article3_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article3 s 1

Article3_S_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

1. What does it refer to?

It refers to the things mentioned above. 即医生不敢确定自己做的决定是否正确是常有的事,这个问题永远也无法完全解决。

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

在某些情况下我仍然不能确定自己做的决定是否正确,但我已学会把这看成是一名外科医生经常会遇到的问题,一个永远也无法完全解决的问题——我已能适应它了。

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article3 s 2

Article3_S_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

Paraphrase the sentence.

I was no longer nervous or anxious when I was performing an operation.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article3 s 3

Article3_S_3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

1. Paraphrase the sentence.

I had been nervous and anxious while painstakingly treating the serious wounds such as stab wounds in the abdomen, punctured lungs and compound fractures. I had been nervous for five years and I needn’t be so nervous any more.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

在我手上,我战战兢兢地治疗过像腹部刺伤、肺部穿孔以及复合性骨折等病例。这类外科手术我已经战战兢兢地干了五年,现在我不必再担惊受怕了。


Article3 w constant

Article3_W_constant

Before Reading

Global Reading

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After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

constant: adj.

1) happening all the time; continuous

Constant changes of the society make some people feel puzzled and at a loss about what to do.

他总是抱怨头痛。

He has a constant complaint about his headache.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

2) fixed, unchanging

Temperature is at a constant 26 degrees in this room.


Article3 w resolve

Article3_W_resolve

Before Reading

Global Reading

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After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

resolve: vt.

1) find an answer to

One way to resolve the present financial problem is to practice economy.

两国的纠纷已经和平解决了。

The dispute between the two countries has been resolved peacefully.

2) decide or determine

他决心要成功。

He resolved to succeed.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

John resolved that nothing could hold him back.

CF:

resolve& solve

这两个动词均含“解决”之意。

resolve主要指对问题或情况进行细微的分析或思索,以得出结论或找到解决途径。例如:

The Cabinet met to resolve the crisis.

内阁开会以解决危机。

solve 普通用词,含义广,指为有一定难度的问题找到满意的答复。例如:

The teacher teaches his students to solve a mathematical equation.

那位教师教他的学生解数学方程式。


Article3 w live with

Article3_W_live with

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

live with: accept something unpleasant without complaint

我们不喜欢史密斯的课,但是为了能够毕业,我们不得不忍受。

We don’t like Professor Smith’s class, but we have to live with it in order to graduate.

我不能忍受噪音了。

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

I can’t live with the noise.

Collocation:

live for

为…而生活

live high

过奢侈生活

live up to

遵守(诺言);不辜负(期望);

live with oneself

保持自尊心


Article3 w dwell on

Article3_W_dwell on

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

dwell on: think about; speak or write a lot about

不要再过多地思考过去。过去的就让它过去吧。

Don’t dwell so much on your past. Let bygones be bygones.

The speaker dwelt on that subject for more than one hour.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article3 w bound

Article3_W_bound

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

bound:

1. adj.

1) be certain; be sure

只要你像我一样努力,你一定会成功的.

You are bound to succeed if you work as hard as me.

Hitler was bound to fail because of evil acts.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

2) going (for, to)

The bus is bound for Shanghai at 2:30.

2. vi. jump upward or forward

他欣喜万分。

His heart bounded with joy.

The ball struck the wall and bounded back to me.


Article3 w sound

Article3_W_sound

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

sound: adj.

1) not wrong, based on reason

要任何人在任何时候都做出正确的判断并非易事。

It is not easy for anyone to make sound judgment at anytime.

2) in good condition; healthy, without disease or damage

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

The missing boy returned home yesterday safe and sound.

我怀疑他头脑是否清楚。

I wonder if he is sound in his mind.


Article3 w handle

Article3_W_handle

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

handle: vt. deal with; treat or manage

一位称职的老师应该知道如何管理学生。

A qualified teacher should know how to handle students in class.

我们俩都会骑自行车了。

We both can handle our bicycles.

Handle with care for there are glass cups inside.

CF:

handle, manage, deal with & cope with

这些动词或短语都含有“处理,对付”之意。

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

handle 从原义“手柄”,引申作“处理”解时,意思是管理和操纵。

manage 指处理日常事务与工作,也可指经营管理。

deal with既可指处理具体事情,也可指处理或解决具有抽象意义的问题。cope with指成功地处理或对付更为重大,更为严重的问题或事物。

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

1) I'm sorry I'm late. I had an urgent call to .

________

deal with

2) Kerry has been asked to a new department.

________

manage

3) Local authorities have to the problems of homelessness.

________

cope with

______

4) The police the traffic very efficiently.

handle


Article3 w butterflies

Article3_W_butterflies...

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

butterflies in one’s stomach: feel nervous or anxious

当我第一次站在公众面前时,心里紧张极了。

I had butterflies in my stomach when I first stood in front of the public.

The young violinist always has butterflies in his stomach whenever he performs.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article3 w anticipate

Article3_W_anticipate

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

anticipate: vt. see beforehand

Don’t anticipate your income before you finish the job.

他期待着一个美丽的夜晚。

He anticipates a beautiful evening.

anticipate 后面不可加不定式,可跟动名词和名词。例如:

NB:

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

Do you anticipate meeting any trouble?

你预料会有麻烦吗?


Article3 w in advance

Article3_W_in advance

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

in advance: beforehand; before in time; ahead of time

他事先去定了票。

He went to book the ticket in advance.

It is unwise to spend your salary in advance.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article3 w over

Article3_W_over

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.

over:prep. during; while engaged in, in the course of

他们边喝茶边谈话。

They talked over tea.

The repairman was so tired that he fell asleep over his work.

In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


Article4 s

Article4_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes.I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.


Article4 w

Article4_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.


Article4 s 1

Article4_S_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes.I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

Put this sentence into its normal order.

I was not afraid of making mistakes either. nor的意思是“而且,也不”,相当于neither。nor若放在句首,句子需部分倒装。

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.


Article4 s 2

Article4_S_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes.I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

1. Why does the author say that he would err at one time or another?

Because it is part of a surgeon’s life.

2. Paraphrase the sentence.

I knew it clearly that I would make mistakes sometimes when I was in practice in the future. That mistake might be that I would operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or neglect someone who needed it urgently.

3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.

我知道,在我出去开业行医时,说不定什么时候我会不可避免地出差错。我会给不需要手术的病人开刀,也可能会把急需手术的病人忽略过去。


Article4 w operate on

Article4_W_operate on

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After Reading

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

operate on: (of a doctor) performs a surgical operation on someone

Doctors decided to operate on the wounded soldier at once.

他的胃必须动手术。

He will have to have his stomach operated on.

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.


Article4 w sit on

Article4_W_sit on

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

sit on: neglect; do nothing about

我们不应忽视那些急需我们帮助的人。

We shouldn’t sit on those people who need our help urgently.

I sent my complaints to the store manager just in time, but he had sit on it for a long time.

Collocation:

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.

sit down

坐下

sit for

参加

sit up

熬夜

sit in

静坐示威

sit in on

列席,旁听


Article4 w responsibility

Article4_w_responsibility

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responsibility: n. duty, obligation

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

他拒绝为错误承担责任。

He refused all the responsibility for the mistake.

Everyone should learn to take responsibility for his own actions.

Collocation:

accept (a)

assume (a)

take (a) responsibility for

share (the)

bear (the)

exercise (the)

承担责任

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.

refuse ( the)

responsibility for

shirk (the)

拒绝、逃避责任


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Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

chances are / were (that): it is / was likely (that)

他有可能要摔下来。

Chances are that he will fall down.

Chances were that they had departed.

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.


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Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

trying moments: moments that try one’s nerves

Every one may have trying moments in his lifetime.

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.


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bother: v. annoy; trouble; worry

Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

不要烦我了,让我安静会儿吧。

Don’t bother me. Just leave me alone.

Don’t bother me with so many foolish questions.

别为我的早饭操心,这儿有什么我就吃什么。

Don’t bother about my breakfast. I’ll eat what is here.

CF:

bother, disturb, trouble & annoy

这些动词均有“使人不安或烦恼”之意。

bother指使人烦恼,引起的紧张不安或感到不耐烦。例如:

disturb较正式用词,多用被动态。指扰乱,使人不能平静或妨碍别人工作、思维或正常秩序,是程度较深的烦恼。例如:

I'm sorry to bother you, but could you tell me the way to the station?

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.

对不起打扰一下, 请问去车站怎么走?

Before closing the door to his office, he told his secretary that he was not to be disturbed.

在关上办公室门前,他告诉秘书不要打扰他。


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Nor was I afraid of making mistakes. I knew that when I was out in practice I would inevitably err at one time or another and operate on someone who didn’t need surgery or sit on someone who did. Five years earlier — even one year earlier — I wouldn’t have been able to live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment. Now I could. I still dreaded errors — would do my best to avoid them — but I knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

trouble指给人在行动上带来不便或在身心上造成痛苦。例如:

annoy强调因被迫忍受令人不快、讨厌的事而失去平静或耐心,多指一时的打扰或恼怒。例如:

She suffers memory lapses that trouble her children.

她患上记忆力衰退症, 这让她的孩子很忧虑。

The sound of footsteps on the bare floor annoyed the downstairs neighbors.

This all sounds conceited and I guess it is — but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit — call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.

楼上地板传来的脚步声吵得楼下住户心烦。


After reading main

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After Reading

1. Interview

2. Summary Writing

3. Useful Expressions

4. Word Matching

5. Multiple Choices

6. Spot Dictation

7. Writing Practice

8. Talking About the Pictures

9. Proverbs and Quotations


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Interview

Suppose you are a journalist, and your partner is a successful surgeon. Ask him / her some questions such as:

1. Why did you lose a lot of sleep at night during the first few months of the year as a chief resident?

2. What did you do to find the peace of mind you need to relax?

3. How did you come to think that you didn’t sweat anymore?

4. Why weren’t you afraid of making mistakes when you were out in practice?

5. What made you a successful surgeon?


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he had the knowledge and experience to handle any surgical situation he’d

___________________________________________________________________

encounter

________.

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Summary Writing

Dr. Nolen believes that (自信是外科医生成功的关键) . When you can say to yourself (我完全有能力治疗所有的外科病人) “ ,” then,and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. In the first few months of the year, he dreaded (听到急诊电话的铃声) . He often wondered that he had made a poor decision. Now he is confident both in making decisions and in the operating room for he is sure that (以他的知识和经验,他可以应付遇到的所有的病例)

Moreover, he is not afraid of making mistakes. He has learned to (承担判断上失误的全部责任) ,because mistakes are part of a surgeon’s life. He has got conceit to(帮他度过难熬的时刻)

self-confidence is the key to the making of a surgeon

self-confidence is the key to the making of a surgeon

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

There is no surgical patient I can’t treat competently

___________________________________________

___________________________

the ringing of the emergency calls

take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment

_____________________________________________

encourage him in trying moments

___________________________.


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Useful Expressions

1. 及时

in time

2. 自信心

self-confidence

3. 即将结束

draw to a close

4. 不止一次…

on more than one occasion

5. 做决定

make a decision

6. 在某一特定的情况下

in a particular situation

7. 不妥当的决定

a poor decision

8. 寻找内心的平静

find the peace of mind


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a considered decision

9. 深思熟虑的决定

the operating room

10. 手术室

a constant problem

11. 经常遇到的问题

be in practice

12. 开业

in advance

13. 提前

live with

14. 容忍

at one time or another

15. 说不定何时

take sole responsibility for

16. 承担全部责任


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17. 判断上的失误

a mistake in judgment

trying moments

18. 考验人的时刻

operate on someone

19. 为某人做手术

be part of one’s life

20. 生活中的一部分


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Word Matching

fear

dread

meet

encounter

rest

relax

solve

resolve

correct

sound

see beforehand

anticipate

manage

handle

unavoidable

inevitable


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only

sole

annoy, trouble

bother

difficult

trying

tolerate

live with

come to an end

draw to a close

ahead of time

in advance

make mistakes

err

of surgery

surgical

escape

avoid


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Multiple Choices

Choose ONE best answer for each of the following sentences.

1. I can accept the fact with ____________.

A. silence

B. calmness

C. quietness

D. taciturn

2. It’s my ___________ opinion that you should resign.

A. considered

B. considering

C. considerate

D. thought


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3. There is no patient I can’t _______ competently, treat just as well as or better than any surgeon.

A. cure

B. heal

C. operate

D. treat

4. I knew it was impossible to ________ the problem in advance; I could handle whatever I found.

A. participate

B. predict

C. anticipate

D. foresee


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5. After lying ______ for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself.

A. awake

B. waken

C. waking

D awaking

6. As my year as chief resident _________ I asked myself this question on more than one occasion.

A. drew to an end

B. drew to a close

C. drew near the end

D. drew to a conclusion


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7. I had trouble___________ my car started this morning.

A. to get

B. to getting

C. of getting

D. getting

8. She is hard to please and always looks at everything with _______ eyes.

A. critic

B criticism

C. critical

D. criticized


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9. He has to __________ the fact that he is no longer healthy.

A. live on

B. live with

C. live up to

D. live for

10. I am afraid I have _______ you with a great many questions.

A. upset

B. annoyed

C. bored

D. bothered


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Spot Dictation

Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks.

Medicine is the science and art of healing. Medicine is a science because it is based on gained through careful study and experimentation. It is an art because it depends on how doctors and other medical workers apply this knowledge when dealing with patients.

The goals of medicine are to lives, to relieve suffering, and to

the dignity of ill individuals. For this reason, medicine has long been one of the most professions. Thousands of men and women who work in the medical profession spend their lives caring for the sick.

When strikes, hospital workers rush emergency aid to the injured. When epidemics , doctors and nurses work to prevent the spread of disease. Researchers in the medical profession continually search for better ways of

_________

knowledge

skillfully

_______

______

save

_______

maintain

_________

respected

________

disaster

_______

threaten

_______

fighting

disease.


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Writing Practice — Parallelism

A Brief Introduction

Parallelism is used for the following effects: to gain emphasis; to create a pleasant rhythm in a prose passage; and to cut down on the number of words needed to express an idea.

Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. This can happen at the word, phrase, or clause level. The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions such as “and” or “or”.


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Examples:

Single words:

Mary likes hiking, swimming, and bicycling. (-ing forms)

Mary likes to hike, to swim, and to ride a bicycle. (Infinitive)

The production manager was asked to write his report quickly, accurately, and thoroughly. (Adverbs)

The young film star was tall, dark, and handsome. (Adjectives)

Phrases

Buying a car and beginning her job were the next steps in her life. (-ing phrases)

The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waited until the last minute to study for the exam, completed his lab problems in a careless manner, and lacked motivation. (Past tense phrases)


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Clauses

The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, not eat too much, and do some warm-up exercises before the game.

The salesman expected that he would present his product at the meeting, that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation, and that prospective buyers would ask him questions.


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Homework

Directions: Rewrite the following sentences to correct any faulty parallelism.

1. Phuong Tran has wit, charm, and she has an extremely pleasant personality.

Phuong Tran has wit, charm, and a pleasing personality.

2. In English class, Tony learned to read poems critically and she appreciated good prose.

In English class, Tony learned to read poems critically and to appreciate good prose.

3. Rose's QPA is higher than Ralph.

Rose's QPA is higher than Ralph's.

4. He wanted three things out of college: to learn a skill, to make good friends, and learning about life.

He wanted three things out of college: to learn a skill, to make good friends, and to learn about life.


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5. Coach Wang was a brilliant strategist, a caring mentor, and friend.

Coach Wang was a brilliant strategist, a caring mentor, and a good friend.

6. We found the film repulsive, offensive, and we thought it was embarrassing.

We found the film repulsive, offensive, and embarrassing.

7. Mr. Hampton kept his store clean, neat, and he made it conveniently arranged.

Mr. Hampton kept his store clean, neat, and conveniently arranged.

8. Professor Ann rewarded her students for working hard on the final project and going beyond the call of duty.

Professor Ann rewarded her students for their hard work on the final project and going beyond the call of duty.


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Talking About the Pictures

Self-confidence is the Making of a Surgeon.

Now…

In the past…

Mistakes! No!

They are part of a surgeon’s life…


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Self-confidence is the Making of a Surgeon.


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In the past…


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Now…


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Mistakes! No!

They are part of a surgeon’s life…


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Proverbs and Quotations

1. The secret of success is constancy to purpose.

成功的秘诀是目标坚定。

2. Hard and honest work is the surest way to success.

艰辛而诚实的工作是可靠的成功之路。

3. Behind every successful man there are a lot of unsuccessful years.

每个成功者的身后,都有许多不成功的岁月。


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4.

Shallow men believe in luck. Self-trust is the first secret of success.

肤浅的人相信运气,成功的首要秘诀是自信。

5.

Success is never final and failure never fatal. It is courage that counts.

没有最终的成功,也没有致命的失败。决定的因素是勇气。

6.

Self-distrust is the cause of most of our failures.

绝大多数的失败均因缺乏自信。


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