Researches and their onomatological conclusions in the field of surname changes in hungary
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

Researches and their onomatological conclusions in the field of surname changes in Hungary PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 47 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Researches and their onomatological conclusions in the field of surname changes in Hungary. Tamás Farkas ELTE University, Budapest. about the differences between the two sections of the overall stock of Hungarian family names also reporting of a new research project.

Download Presentation

Researches and their onomatological conclusions in the field of surname changes in Hungary

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Researches and their onomatological conclusions in the field of surname changes in hungary

Researches and their onomatological conclusions in the field of surname changes in Hungary

Tamás Farkas

ELTE University, Budapest

  • about the differences between the two sections of the overall stock of Hungarian family names

  • also reporting of a new research project


The two sections of the overall stock of hungarian surnames

The two sections of the overall stock of Hungarian surnames

Historic surname system

  • in historic centuries

  • arouse naturally

  • in the community

Official surname changes

  • in late centuries

  • established artificially

  • by individuals

Researching the differences:

questions on the circumstances and the ways

of their emergence


1 what time were they born

1. What time were they born?

Historic surname system

  • born in XIV–XVI. cent.

  • officially fixed 1787-

Official surname changes

  • allowed 1814-

  • in big numbers 1848/49, 1881-

Different periods:

different factors of internal and external history of language (set of linguistic elements, historic social situation, naming tastes)


2 who is giving the surname and to whom

2. Who is giving the surname and to whom?

Historic surname system

  • the community

  • to each of its members

Official surname changes

  • certain members of society

  • to themselves

Differences in

  • social groups

  • motivational basis


3 why is that surname born

3. Why is that surname born?

Historic surname system

  • the demand of the persons’ reliable identification

Official surname changes

  • adopting a more advantageous (or less disadvantageous) name

In the name changes:

  • appropriate identification

  • changing the image of person’s ethnic of family background

  • changing the connotations of the name

    Different reasons


4 on what bases is the surname chosen

4. On what bases is the surname chosen?

Historic surname system

  • after characteristics of the person

Official surname changes

  • conscious, individual and subjective choice

In the name changes:

  • fit in the existing surname system, legal rules

  • most typical: adjusting to former surname

  • name giving taste

    Different motivational system


5 from what material and in what way is the surname formed

5. From what material and in what way is the surname formed?

Differences:

  • frequency of certain surnames

  • new surnames

  • new styled categories

    Reasons are in the differences of

  • stock of possibly used nouns and names

  • some morphological procedures

  • motivations

    Historic surname system is a sample for the new surnames

    in general and in certain names


Studying the differences in surname categories will be followed

Studying the differences in surname categories −− will be followed

Surnames derived from

  • place-names (regularly formed by -i suffix)

  • first names

  • common nouns

    New typed categories

    Name elements


A surnames from place names

A) Surnames from place-names

New subcategory (?):

surnames from pseudo place names

Békevári ’peace castle’ + -i

Síkhegyi ’flat hill’ + -ietc.

Romlaki ’ruin lodge’ + -i

Szépligeti ’nice grove’ + -i

Vérkúti ’bloody well’ + -ietc.

Aranykövi ’golden stone’ + -i(cf. Goldstein)

Könyvhegyi ’book hill’ + -i(cf. Buchberger) etc.


A surnames from place names1

A) Surnames from place-names

New surnames: from real place-names, but non-existing in historic surname stock

Prágai ’Prague’ + -i

Rajnai ’River Rhein’ + -ietc.

Pannonhalmi

(cf. Pannonhalma:1809-,earlierSzentmárton)

Farkasházi

(cf. Farkasháza:1907-, earlier and later:Lupest) etc.


A surnames from place names2

A) Surnames from place-names

Frequency of certain surnames:

Kárpáti ’Carpathian’

(by archaic ortography: Kárpáthi, Kárpáthy)

Kárpát ’Carpathians’

Kárpátfalvi ’Kárpát-village’ + -i

Kárpátvölgyi ’Kárpát-valley’ + -i

Kárpáthegyi ’Kárpát-mountain’ + -i

and many examples among the historically existing surnames


B surnames from first names

B) Surnames from first names

New first names

Hajna (literary origin)

Szilárdffy ’Constantin’ + ’-son’ etc.

Renewed old names

Zsolt (old Turkic-Hungarian)

Előd (old Hungarian) etc.

Died out old names

Dános (< ’Daniel’), Ódor (< ’Ulrich’) etc.


C surnames from common nouns

C) Surnames from common nouns

An example: surnames from ethnic names

Avar ’Avar’ etc.

Román ’Rumanian’ (1705: Román, cf. XIII. cent.: Oláh)

Szlovák ’Slovak’ (1828: Szlovák, cf. XII. cent.: Tót)

(those in the brackets are common historic surnames)

etc.

Svéd ’Swedish’ etc.


D new typed surname categories

by -i suffix (also as -y)

Historically with

place-names (‘from, of’)

first names (‘son of’)

Artificially also with

common nouns

Fellegi ’cloud’

Pálmai‘palm(-tree)’

Regényi ’novel’

Reményi ’hope’

Kedvesi ’beloved’

Széplábi ’nice legs’ etc.

by -fi suffix (also -fy, -ffy)

Historically with

first names (‘son of’)

Artificially also with

common nouns

Magyarfi ’Hungarian’

Mezőfi ’meadow’

Angyalfi ’angel’

Hattyúfi‘swan’

Hősfi ’hero’

Békefi ’peace’ etc.

D) New typed surname categories


Name elements suffixes as i fi nouns

1st elements: e.g. Rózsa ’Rose’

in historic surname stock

Rózsa ‘Ø’, Rózsás ’with...’

in artificial surname stock only

Rózsai ’from...’

Rózsafi ’son of...’

Rózsaági ’...branch’

Rózsavölgyi ’...valley’

Rózsamezei ’...meadow’

Rózsahegyi ’...hill’

(1853: Rózsahegy settlement-name)

2nd elements: e.g. -vári ’castle’

in historic surname stock

many examples...

in artificial surname stock only

Aranyvári ’golden castle’

Sziklavári‘rock castle’

Romvári ’ruin castle’

Szépvári ’nice castle’

Hídvári ’bridge castle’

Békevári ’peace castle’etc.

Name elementsSuffixes(as-i, -fi)Nouns


Researches and their onomatological conclusions in the field of surname changes in hungary

Morphological differences

place-name + -i > historical surname ↔ new surname

Koltó + -i > hist.Koltai ↔ newKoltói

Szendrő + -i > hist.Szendrei ↔ newSzendrői

Bánhida + -i > hist.Bánhidi ↔ newBánhidai


A new resarch project surname changes in hungary 1867 1896

A new resarch project: Surname changes in Hungary 1867-1896

Characteristics of the research

  • Period: first great age of surname changes

  • Sources: petitions and official documentation

  • Represetation: all of the cases (16.788 cases)


A new resarch project surname changes in hungary 1867 18961

A new resarch project: Surname changes in Hungary 1867-1896

  • all of the datas

  • coding all the datas

  • complete

  • of documentay value

  • enabling complex searches

A digital database


A new resarch project surname changes in hungary 1867 18962

A new resarch project: Surname changes in Hungary 1867-1896

Interests of studying the surname changes

  • name changes as social historical phenomenon

  • onomastic characteristics of name changes

  • other linguistic and onomastic conclusions


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention!

ICOS XXII - PISA 2005

[email protected]


  • Login