School transportation legal issues: “Get on board.”. presented by Amy Peabody Assistant General Counsel Kentucky Department of Education. Today’s topics:. Requested:. Covered today:. Transporting students with disabilities (main topic)
Assistant General Counsel
Kentucky Department of Education
Transporting students with disabilities (main topic)
Bus stop responsibilities, door-to-door requirements and student with disabilities, bus stop supervision requirements and options
Provision of health services to students, in Kentucky and in other jurisdictions
School district responsibilities and bullying
Recent legislation affecting school transportation
District decides alone:
What services and aids or personnel a student requires
Extent of services (bus stop or door-to door transport)
Specific circumstances requiring transportation (including needs that occur outside the regular school day)
Provision of medical services on bus
- spectrum of disorders (which the DSM-V may change)
- 1 in 150 children have the disorder
- range from hyper to hypo sensitivity
- may react with extreme panic and stress to sensory stimulations or changes in their surroundings or might purposefully seek more intense sensory stimulation
- may be passive (even not recognize familiar faces)
- vary in verbal and non-verbal communication (yelling to mute)
- comforted by routine and may express stress from unfamiliar situation through obsessive-compulsive behaviors
- develop a monitoring protocol for bus behavior
- train an aide or bus driver to document instances of challenging conduct (useful information for future IEP meetings)
- conduct a functional behavior assessment (special ed staff)
- develop a behavior improvement plan and train the bus aide or driver to use positive behavior support strategies when a student misbehaves
- communicate between special ed and transportation staff
- Review manufacturer’s recommendations for securing each type of wheelchair you transport.
- Transportation equipment /bus should also be appropriate.
- Practice loading and securing.
- Face chair outward to avoid injury to student’s feet/toes.
2011 Regular Session of the Kentucky General Assembly:
House Bills 67 and 62 on advertisements on school buses (neither passed)