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Disaster-preparedness in rural communities Presentation for AMDA Conference 11-19 April 2013 Okayama, Japan. Isagani R Serrano President, Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM). Vulnerability & Adaptation (V&A)-Philippines (PH). PH is 3 rd most-at-risk country in the world

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Disaster-preparedness in rural communities Presentation for AMDA Conference 11-19 April 2013 Okayama, Japan

Isagani R Serrano

President, Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM)

Vulnerability adaptation v a philippines ph
Vulnerability & Adaptation (V&A)-Philippines (PH)

  • PH is 3rd most-at-risk country in the world

  • Vulnerability: social, economic, ecological

  • Vulnerability: exposure, susceptibility, coping ability, adaptive capacity level

  • Adaptive capacity: low, medium, high

V a ph
V & A--PH

  • Philippines is visited on average by 20 typhoons a year

  • Fragile archipelago – from the mountains to the coasts

  • Large population, urban concentration, dense human settlements along the coasts

  • High poverty, high inequality, environmental degradation

V a ph baseline of high poverty high inequality environmental degradation
V & APH baseline of high poverty/high inequality & environmental degradation

V a in rural areas
V & A in rural areas

  • Majority of the poor in rural areas

  • Differential impacts of disasters: poor gets hit the hardest most of the time

V a in rural areas1
V & A in rural areas

  • But poor people are not totally helpless, they have their own way of coping with tragedies.

  • The poor are good at surviving, survival is their everyday reality---negative resilience/adaptive capacity

Prrm disaster response
PRRM disaster response

  • Since the 80’s:

  • MAN-MADE---Sugar Crisis in Negros Occidental 1986; Mining spill Mindoro Island 1996

  • NATURAL---N. Luzon Earthquake 1990; Mount Pinatubo Eruption 1991; Tropical Storm Ondoy/Ketsana Metro Manila 2009; Tropical Storm Sendong and Typhoon Pablo in Mindanao, 2012.

Prrm disaster preparedness
PRRM & disaster-preparedness

  • Automatic response in PRRM sites from the area managers, PRRM chapter, PRRM partner people’s organizations in cooperation with cooperation with local government, mainstream & social media, others

  • Anticipatory: CDRR & other public awareness activities; hazards & risks mapping; integration of CDRR in local planning & budgeting

Prrm disaster preparedness1
PRRM & disaster-preparedness


>formation of in-house QRT;

>mobilization of volunteers;

>networking/cooperation with other organizations to leverage resources;

>provision of other forms of assistance, e.g. transport, shelter, relief goods (food, water & sanitation, medicines), volunteers

>fundraising for relief & rehabilitation & reconstruction

Prrm disaster preparedness2
PRRM & disaster-preparedness

EDUCATION & ADVOCACY (Strategic response)

>Climate & Disaster Risk Reduction (CDRR) Course through the PRRM Conrado Benitez Institute for Sustainability (CBIS)

>Advocacy/lobby for policy & legislation & budget, eg, Climate Change Act of 2009, Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Act of 2011; Alternative Budget Initiative (ABI) since 2006; local planning & budgeting

>Crafting of national & local CDRR action plans

Prrm disaster preparedness3
PRRM & disaster-preparedness

  • Building a resilient local economy: focus on social enterprises (SE)

  • SE: multiple bottom lines (making money, helping the poor, protecting the environment) & redistributive wealth creation

Prrm disaster preparedness4
PRRM & disaster-preparedness

  • Food security

  • Shortening the food mile

  • Reducing carbon footprint thru, e.g., organic/sustainable agriculture

  • “Agropolis”---bringing the city to the farm, and the farm to the city: every human settlement a place of dignity and happiness

Valuing aid
Valuing aid

  • Humanitarian aid-giving is usually taken by aid-recipients as an act of basic humanity.

  • Aid can foster cooperation or bayanihan (“sogo-fujo”) or sometimes aid-dependency among affected communities.

  • Efficiency, transparency, accountability, people’s participation in aid operations.

Valuing aid1
Valuing aid

  • Emergency relief, by nature is short-lived, but can be used to set the basis for long-term recovery. Example: food- or cash-for-work schemes that enable resumption of production and livelihood.

  • Aid can “kill” local markets or can be a means for the local economy to “bounce back” (resilience).