The rebellions of 1837
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

THE REBELLIONS OF 1837 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 111 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

THE REBELLIONS OF 1837. Time for change to a more fair government. The government could not be changed from within The powers of the Chateau Clique and the Family Compact were impossible to weaken. Reformers in Upper and Lower Canada stayed in close contact

Download Presentation

THE REBELLIONS OF 1837

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The rebellions of 1837

THE REBELLIONS OF 1837

Time for change to a more fair government


The rebellions of 1837

The government could not be changed from within

The powers of the Chateau Clique and the Family Compact were impossible to weaken


The rebellions of 1837

Reformers in Upper and Lower Canada stayed in close contact

Change in one colony would help bring change in the others


The rebellions of 1837

  • Mackenzie and Papineau prepared for armed attacks

  • British did not have enough troops to fight back everywhere


Lower canada

LOWER CANADA

  • Strong nationalist feelings

    • Support from almost all French-Canadians

    • The Church opposed the Rebellion

      • Many French Canadians were reluctant to go against the churches

  • The Fils de la Liberte (Sons of Liberty) led the revolt in Lower Canada


  • The rebellions of 1837

    • Many small, short battles, but the British beat the Patriotes (French-Canadian forces)

    • Many patriotes died

    • Papineau escaped to the US

  • PROBLEM:

    • Lack of organization

    • Lack of support from the Catholic Church


  • Upper canada

    UPPER CANADA

    • Wanted an American-style democracy

      • Divided supporters

        • For many British Canadians, the US was the enemy

    • BUT, people wanted a better government

    • The new governor, FRANCIS BOND HEAD sided with the Family Compact and was very strict


    Rebellion

    REBELLION!

    • Mackenzie thought soldiers were in Lower Canada fighting

      • Toronto would be undefendedeasy to overtake

        • Could take over arms and ammunition

          and take Bond Head prisoner


    Defeat of the rebellion of upper canada

    DEFEAT OF THE REBELLION OF UPPER CANADA

    WHY?:

    Not enough men

    Little military experience

    Poor planning

    Mackenzie escaped to the US disguised as a woman


    Homework

    HOMEWORK:

    Read pp. 42-45


    Punishing the rebels

    PUNISHING THE REBELS

    The rebels who survived

    and were caught would have

    been punished severely


    The gallows

    THE GALLOWS

    • Under British law, over a hundred crimes were punished by death

    • After the Rebellions, the major leaders were publicly hanged


    Convict ships

    CONVICT SHIPS

    • Others were transported to Bermuda or Australia for seven years

      • Many people died

      • Similar to conditions on the coffin ships


    Slave labour

    SLAVE LABOUR

    • If they arrived, the prisoners were used as slave labour

      • Worked on plantations and on government projects

        • Given little food

        • Treated very badly


    Britain wakes up

    BRITAIN WAKES UP

    • After the Rebellions, Britain realized they needed to change the government in the colonies

      • Send some people to investigate

        • Led by Lord Durham


    Lord durham

    LORD DURHAM

    • More independent from the Clique and the Compact

    • More progressive (willing to change)

      • Treated the rebels as lightly as possible

    • Very prejudiced against the French

    • Had little support. Why?

      • The people who had fought the rebels and whose property was damaged were angry.

      • The French

        Durham resigns


    Lord durham s report

    LORD DURHAM’S REPORT

    • Recommended that the Canadas join together and that responsible government was introduced

    • Later, all British North American colonies should join together (New Brunswick, PEI, Nova Scotia, etc.)

      • WHO WOULD NOT BE HAPPY?

        • THE FRENCH!


    The union

    THE UNION

    • Durham convinced the British that democracy was needed to ensure peace in Canada

    • Responsible government: not full democracy or independence:

      • Elected assembly in charge of internal affairs (taxation, etc.)

      • British still in control of foreign affairs and military


    The rebellions of 1837

    • In 1840, the new governor passed the Act of Union to join the two Canadas

    • In 1841, they became United Canada; capital was Montreal.

      • FRENCH VERY ANGRY!!!! … STILL!


  • Login