Andrea Barker, Greig Krull and Brenda Mallinson Department of information system, Rhodes university, South Africa http://www.mlearn.org.za/CD/papers/Barker.pdf. A proposed theoretical model for m-learning adoption in the developing countries . Presented by Salahadin Seid (08305202)
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Andrea Barker, Greig Krull and Brenda Mallinson
Department of information system, Rhodes university, South Africa
Salahadin Seid (08305202)
Current uses of wireless technologies in education
Impact of wireless technologies on education
The potential for M-learning in Africa
Remarks and future works
mobile learning "mLearning", it refer to learning with mobile devices.
Wireless technologies are revolutionizing education , transforming the traditional ways of learning and teaching to ‘any time’ and ‘any place’ education .
Empirical studies have reported the advantages of using wireless technologies in learning environments, including supporting group work on projects, engaging learners in learning-related activates in diverse physical locations, and enhancing communication and collaborative learning in the class room .
Limited research has been conducted on the potential of wireless technology for educational use in developing counties. But using wireless technologies in education contribute to combating the digital divide in the developing countries, as this technology cheaper than desktop computers.
According to the British educational communication and technology agency (BECTA) (2004), handhelds are useful where learners need to record information during a lesson, but where moving to Desktop computer would be impractical.
Sharing writing ( file can be moved easily between handhelds)
Working on individual pieces work around the table (face to face ,but not Desktop computers)
They extend the learning environment beyond the class room, as they are portable, support paperless class room ,and provide additional methods of communication.
3.Motivation – according to Vahey and Crawford (2003), learners using handheld wireless technologies demonstrate an increased autonomy in learning, increased self-directness in learning.
Africa has many developing nations that are technologically far behind the developed world.
This lack of technological development has a detrimental effect on the education sector. As a result, young people in the developing countries face challenges, which make it difficult for the next generation to catch up with developed world.
According to Jensen (2002), of the approximately 816 million people in Africa in 2001,it is estimated that
1 in 13 have TV
1 in 35 have a mobile phone
1 in 40 have fixed line
1 in 130 have a pc
1 in 160 use the Internet
Generally the level of technology penetration in Africa is low compared to developed countries, because the general population can not afford it (BEUTE 2004).
The table above shows More people in Africa have mobile phones, in comparison to fixed lines, indicates the potential for m-learning in Africa.
The study conducted by Thornton et al(2004) show that the wireless technologies such as mobile phones and PDAs can be effictive tools for delivering foreign language (English) learning materials to learners.
This could be particularly beneficial in developing countries like South Africa, where many learners are not educated in their home language.
This paper provide recommendation and proposes a model for adoption of
M-learning in developing countries.
5.1 Recommendation for adoption of M-learning
5.2 proposed model and discussion
Fig 1 : Model for M-learning adoption
5.2.2 critical success factors
6 The future work