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Theme A Modernisation and Transformation in Twentieth-Century Asia

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Theme A Modernisation and Transformation in Twentieth-Century Asia. (3) (ii) Southeast Asia: from colonies to independent countries Hong Kong Association of History Educators St. Catharine’s School For Girls, Kwun Tong Lam Mei Yee, Maggie.

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slide1

Theme A

Modernisation and Transformation in Twentieth-Century Asia

(3) (ii) Southeast Asia:

from colonies to independent countries

Hong Kong Association of History Educators

St. Catharine’s School For Girls, Kwun Tong

Lam Mei Yee, Maggie

slide3

Modernisation and Transformation

of

Japan and Southeast Asia

Japan

Southeast Asia: from colonies

to independent countries

slide4

(1) Description of the general situation of Southeast Asia in the first half of the 20th century, focusing on the impact of western colonisation of the region

slide11

How much do students know about the independence movements in Southeast Asia?

  • Are they required to depict the independence movements in Southeast Asia one by one?
slide12

(3)Major Patterns of Independence Movements

  • Different methods in achieving independence
  • Main features of post-colonial developments
slide13

Different Methods of Independence Movements

  • Through armed struggle (French Indochina & Dutch East Indies)
  • Setting up of an autonomous government (Burma & Malaya)
  • Setting up of a caretaker government (The Philippines)
slide14

Means in Achieving Independence

  • Violent means (French Indochina and Dutch East Indies)
  • Peaceful means (Burma, Malaya and the Philippines)
slide15

Main features of post-colonial developments

  • Internal and external developments of Southeast Asia in general
  • Relationship and link with other countries, (i.e. Japan, Southeast Asian countries)
slide16

General Conditions of Colonies in Southeast Asia

Source : http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/11/sse/ht11sse.htm

slide17

The Evolution of the ASEAN

The Trend towards Regional Cooperation

The Broad Trend of Global Cooperation

slide18

1955 --- SEATO

1961 --- ASA

1963 --- The Maphilindo

1967 --- ASEAN

slide19

Logo of ASEAN

Source: http://www.ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logo_ASEAN

slide21

ASEAN Map

Source: http://www.33ff.com/my_resources/ASEAN_maps/asean_images/image13.htm

slide22

Skeleton in ASEAN Closet

http://

Source: http://www.caglepost.com/cartoon/Paresh+Nath/44080/Skeleton+in+ASEAN+closet.html

slide23

What is the cartoonist’s attitude towards the Treaty of Amity?

Source: http://www.nicholsoncartoons.com.au/cartoon_3216.html

slide24

The Trend towards Regional Cooperation

  • Neutrality from 1967-75

1971 --- Issued the Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality Declaration

slide25

The Trend towards Regional Cooperation (Cont’d)

  • Active participation in regional affairs from 1976 onwards

--- 1976 Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (economic cooperation)

--- Joint military rehearsals and exchanges of military intelligence (military cooperation)

---1991 ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA)

slide26

The Broad Trend of Global Cooperation

  • 1989 --- The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
  • 1994 --- The ASEAN Regional Forum (AFR)
slide27

Source: http://www.answers.com/topic/asia-pacific-economic-cooperation

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