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Theme A Modernisation and Transformation in Twentieth-Century Asia. (3) (ii) Southeast Asia: from colonies to independent countries Hong Kong Association of History Educators St. Catharine’s School For Girls, Kwun Tong Lam Mei Yee, Maggie.

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Theme A Modernisation and Transformation in Twentieth-Century Asia

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Theme A

Modernisation and Transformation in Twentieth-Century Asia

(3) (ii) Southeast Asia:

from colonies to independent countries

Hong Kong Association of History Educators

St. Catharine’s School For Girls, Kwun Tong

Lam Mei Yee, Maggie


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Issue: What is the focus in teaching Southeast Asian history?


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Modernisation and Transformation

of

Japan and Southeast Asia

Japan

Southeast Asia: from colonies

to independent countries


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(1) Description of the general situation of Southeast Asia in the first half of the 20th century, focusing on the impact of western colonisation of the region


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The White Man’s Burden


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Colonial Powers and Colonies in Southeast Asia


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Conditions in Southeast Asia during WWII


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People of the Southern Region


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  • (2) Reasons for decolonisation of Southeast Asian countries

  • Internal reasons

  • External reasons


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How much do students know about the independence movements in Southeast Asia?

  • Are they required to depict the independence movements in Southeast Asia one by one?


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  • (3)Major Patterns of Independence Movements

  • Different methods in achieving independence

  • Main features of post-colonial developments


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Different Methods of Independence Movements

  • Through armed struggle (French Indochina & Dutch East Indies)

  • Setting up of an autonomous government (Burma & Malaya)

  • Setting up of a caretaker government (The Philippines)


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Means in Achieving Independence

  • Violent means (French Indochina and Dutch East Indies)

  • Peaceful means (Burma, Malaya and the Philippines)


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Main features of post-colonial developments

  • Internal and external developments of Southeast Asia in general

  • Relationship and link with other countries, (i.e. Japan, Southeast Asian countries)


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General Conditions of Colonies in Southeast Asia

Source : http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/11/sse/ht11sse.htm


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The Evolution of the ASEAN

The Trend towards Regional Cooperation

The Broad Trend of Global Cooperation


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1955 --- SEATO

1961 --- ASA

1963 --- The Maphilindo

1967 --- ASEAN


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Logo of ASEAN

Source: http://www.ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logo_ASEAN


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Source: http://www.asean.or.jp/general/publish


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ASEAN Map

Source: http://www.33ff.com/my_resources/ASEAN_maps/asean_images/image13.htm


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Skeleton in ASEAN Closet

http://

Source: http://www.caglepost.com/cartoon/Paresh+Nath/44080/Skeleton+in+ASEAN+closet.html


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What is the cartoonist’s attitude towards the Treaty of Amity?

Source: http://www.nicholsoncartoons.com.au/cartoon_3216.html


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The Trend towards Regional Cooperation

  • Neutrality from 1967-75

    1971 --- Issued the Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality Declaration


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The Trend towards Regional Cooperation (Cont’d)

  • Active participation in regional affairs from 1976 onwards

    --- 1976 Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (economic cooperation)

    --- Joint military rehearsals and exchanges of military intelligence (military cooperation)

    ---1991 ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA)


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The Broad Trend of Global Cooperation

  • 1989 --- The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

  • 1994 --- The ASEAN Regional Forum (AFR)


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Source: http://www.answers.com/topic/asia-pacific-economic-cooperation


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Comparison between HKCE History and HKDSE History


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