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THE NETWORK ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND CARE. INTEGRATION OF EDUCATION AND CARE IN ECEC. Mexico’s early childhood education and care system. Mexico has a split system in ECEC services at national level, directed to children from 0 to 4 years

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The network on early childhood education and care l.jpg

THE NETWORK ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND CARE

INTEGRATION OF EDUCATION AND CARE IN ECEC


Mexico s early childhood education and care system l.jpg
Mexico’searly childhood education and care system

Mexico has a split system in ECECservices at national level, directed to children from 0 to 4 years

For children of 5-6 years the national Education System has nearly 100% enrolment in Preschool.

The main providers of ECEC services are Federal and state governments.

Municipal governments have no legal obligation and therefore there are very few municipal ECEC services.

The private sector offers ECEC services at high cost.

Additionally, there are few services organized by the community in urban marginalized areas, leaded by social organizations and religious groups.



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Governance ECEC structure: Split System (0-3 years old)

Education

Ministry

Health

Ministry

Social Development Ministry

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

Public Education

Sub ministry

Social Healthcare

Institute (IMSS)

Social Development

Ministry (SEDESOL)

Indigenous

Education

Social and Security

Services for State

Workers (ISSSTE)

National Council for

Educational Promotion

(CONAFE)

National Family

Development System

(DIF)


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Governance ECEC structure: Preschool(4-6 years old)

The Federal Government is responsible

for the legal framework of the

National Education System

Compulsory Preschool services are directed to children of 4-6 years old and are operated (mostly) by the

local Ministries of Education

Preschool services are only offered by public or private institutions


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Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Legislation

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

Political Constitution of the United Mexican States

Development National Plan (2007-2012)

Social Development

General Law

General Education Law

Federal Work Law

Indigenous Rights Law

Welfare Law

Educational Program

(2007-2012)

Social Security Law

Civil Protection Law

Discrimination prevention

& elimination Federal Law

Protection of children &

teenagers rights Law


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Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Objectives

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

Contribute to reduce job access delay and foster its retention for working mothers and single fathers

Early childhood education: Improve children’s whole development

IMSS: Provide elements to benefit their whole development

ISSSTE: Provide care services for child welfare and development

Parent-lead early childhood: Promote education, equitable service, committed participation

DIF: Provide support to working mothersand offer care services for their children in vulnerable conditions


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Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Focus of each programme

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

CONAFE: Development of competencies in 4 areas

IMSS:

Based on children needs and characteristics

None explicit educational program

ISSSTE:

Based on the Preschool Education Program (SEP)

Regular System: Development of

children in 3 areas

DIF: Pedagogic activities based on the Early Childhood National Program (PIE)


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Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Staff and Ratio

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

Staff

CONAFE:

Educational Developer

DIF:

Community Counselor

Person in charge

of the centre

Early Childhood educator

Educational assistant, Childcare specialist,

Pediatrician, Social worker, Pedagogue,

Psychologist, Nurse, Cook, Music teacher

Children

per class

CONAFE: 1:15

IMSS: 1:7

1:13

Regular System: 1:10

ISSSTE: 1:12

DIF: 1:14


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Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Enrolment (Selective)

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

CENDIs services are directed to parents working in public education institutions

ISSSTE: Children of parents working for any public institution

Children of working or studying single parents with no access to childcare services from public institutions in urban areas

CONAFE services are

focused in marginal

areas

IMSS: Children of parents

working for registered

private institutions

DIF: Children of working

parents without social

assistance working for

registered institutions


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Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old:

Term period, Opening hours and Fees

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

Term

period

CONAFE: 9 months

All year around except for national holidays

(open on holidays by consent between the director and parents)

Regular System: 200 days

Opening

hours

CONAFE: 2 hrs per week

IMSS: 9 hours per day

8 hours per day

Regular: 4 hrs per day

ISSSTE: 40 hours per week

DIF: Half day 3 hours

Full day 9 hours

Fees

No fees for enrolment

IMSS: 1% of the working

mother or father salary

Governmental monthly support per child

ISSSTE: Service covered by the institution

DIF: according to a socio-economic study


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Plans for integration: Relevant but isolated efforts

Early Childhood

Education

Early Childhood

Health and Care

Early Childhood

Welfare

The Public Education

Ministry (SEP) is

developing the “Strengthen of early education and child development model”

which attempts to unite criteria for all child care institutions

Congress recently proposed and is debating on a new Law to regulate all childcare centers

SEDESOL is promoting a

more comprehensive

programme which

contemplates more

educational contents

Health policy for childcare centers has been updated to improve accidents prevention and to promote a better qualitative service


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Conclusions

Executive and legislative instances must raise their awareness about the need to establish a strong ECEC policy according to a National Plan.

An ECEC policy that promotes high quality and whole development

for all Mexican children from 0 to 4 years old.

It should allow different institutions to provide their particular services and set up general common elements that ensure quality

A National Educational Program is also needed to provide all centers with minimum educative objectives for child development


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