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STRENGTH TRAINING FOR YOUNG ATHLETES. Lois Webb 12 Grade Presentation. Benefits of Strength Training. Some Benefits of ST. Muscular strength Increase motor learning abilities Help in the process of sport preparation Prevention of injury in high school athletes.

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STRENGTH TRAINING FOR YOUNG ATHLETES

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STRENGTH TRAINING FOR YOUNG ATHLETES

Lois Webb

12 Grade Presentation


Benefits of Strength Training


Some Benefits of ST

  • Muscular strength

  • Increase motor learning abilities

  • Help in the process of sport preparation

  • Prevention of injury in high school athletes


Some other benefits include

  • Improve physical performances

  • Enhance physiological functions

  • Develop positive characteristics by giving adolescents confidence in their physical development and performance


Misconceptions About Strength Training


  • One classic myth is that one can become muscle-bound or slower as a result of resistance training.

  • Marketing strategies that promote myths of achieving fitness in six weeks.


  • Or that all you need to do is one set of exercises.

  • Or that using free weights produce more injuries.


Common Injuries


  • In 1979 the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (USCPSC) reported that more than half of the 35,512 weightlifting injuries requiring emergency room treatment involved 10-to 19-year-olds.


  • In 1987 it revealed that 8,590 children ages 10 to 14 visited emergency rooms because of so-called weightlifting-related injuries.


  • The most common resistance-training injuries in the NEISS reports are sprains and strains.


Physical Development


  • Maturation

    • Physical size

    • Bone maturity

    • Neuromuscular maturity

    • Reproduction maturity

    • Emotional maturity


Psychological Development


  • Psychological growth is important because it interacts with a variety of training process factors.

    • Proper interest

    • Attention span

    • Attitude


  • The psychological development of a child influences the type of activities that he/she perform safely and effectively.

  • Dictates how much immediate supervision will be needed for various lifts and training methods.


  • Proper teaching progressions, supervision of progress, and positive motivation of the child are important aspects of an exercise-training program.


Determining Individualized Needs


  • Increased strength of specific muscle groups

  • Increased power of specific muscle groups

  • Increased local muscular endurance of specific muscle groups

  • Increased motor performance (ability to jump, run, or throw)

  • Increased total-body mass (age dependent)


  • Increased muscle hypertrophy (age dependent)

  • Decreased body fat

  • Increased self-confidence

  • Improved sport performance


Teaching Technique


  • Know proper spotting technique.

  • Be sure you are strong enough to assist the lifter with the resistance he/she is using.

  • Know how many repetitions the lifter intends to do.

  • Be attentive to the lifter at all times.

  • Know the plan of action if a serious injury occurs.


  • Understanding the exercise movements

  • Spotting techniques

  • Use of collars with free weights

  • Proper grips

  • Properly adjusting machines to fit a lifter


  • Knowing how and when to make changes in the resistance used.

  • Correct breathing techniques.

  • Giving lifters feedback concerning their techniques.

  • Choosing exercises that promote symmetrical muscular development.


Safe Training Environments


  • Choosing a Health Club

  • Selecting a Training Facility

  • Selecting a Supervisor


  • Ensuring facility safety

  • Equipment Modification and Availability

  • Facility Availability


  • Maintaining Equipment

    • Cleaning and Disinfecting

    • Lubricating

    • Maintaining Upholstery

    • Protecting the Floor


  • Weight Room Tool Kit

  • Space Availability

  • Time Availability


Credits

  • Clip Art

  • Fleck, Steven J., and Kraemer, William J.

    Strength Training for Young Athletes.


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