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What is a Jewish State? Religion and Religious Communities in Israel. Sis 150:March 2, 2009 Professor Noam Pianko. Halachah-Jewish Law? Civil Religion? Separation of Church and State? Minority Religions?. What is a “Jewish” State?. Diverse Religious Population 5.4 million Jews

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What is a jewish state religion and religious communities in israel l.jpg

What is a Jewish State?

Religion and Religious Communities in Israel

Sis 150:March 2, 2009Professor Noam Pianko


What is a jewish state l.jpg

Halachah-Jewish Law?

Civil Religion?

Separation of Church and State?

Minority Religions?

What is a “Jewish” State?


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What about Non-jews?


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Status Quo Agreement, 1953


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Any government leader must prescribe for himself priorities, must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."

Status Quo, 1953


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Calendar must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."

Holidays

Education

National Narratives

Civil Religion


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Jerusalem Friday Afternoon and Saturday must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."


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Personal Status Laws must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."


Marriage l.jpg
Marriage must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."


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Divorce must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."


Burial l.jpg
Burial must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."


Are they jewish l.jpg
Are they Jewish? must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."


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Law of Return: “a grandchild of a Jew, the spouse of a Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew and the spouse of grandchild of a Jew, except a person who has been a Jew and has voluntarily changed his religion.”

Halachah: Matrilineal Descent or Orthodox Conversion

Who is a Jew


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Conversion Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew and the spouse of grandchild of a Jew, except a person who has been a Jew and has voluntarily changed his religion.”


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Is this Kosher? Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew and the spouse of grandchild of a Jew, except a person who has been a Jew and has voluntarily changed his religion.”


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"Certainly there is religious freedom for Moslems and Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"

Chief Sephardic Rabbi Eliahu


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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M-xjZWX5rlE Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"

Women of the Wall video


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Control of Holy Sites Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"


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  • Secular (Hiloni) Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"

  • Religious (Dati)

    • Haredi/Ultra Orthodox

      • Zionist

      • Anti-Zionist

    • Orthodox Zionists

    • Mizrahi

    • “Traditional”

Religious Communities in Israel


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Anti-Zionist Haredi Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"


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Hesder Program Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"


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Ovadia Yosef-Mizrachi Religious Leader Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"


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Secular Israelis versus American Jews Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"

Growing polarization

Secular Israelis


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What does the Future Hold? Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"