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Sis 150:March 2, 2009 Professor Noam Pianko

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What is a Jewish State? Religion and Religious Communities in Israel. Sis 150:March 2, 2009 Professor Noam Pianko. Halachah-Jewish Law? Civil Religion? Separation of Church and State? Minority Religions?. What is a “Jewish” State?. Diverse Religious Population 5.4 million Jews

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what is a jewish state religion and religious communities in israel
What is a Jewish State?

Religion and Religious Communities in Israel

Sis 150:March 2, 2009Professor Noam Pianko

what is a jewish state

Halachah-Jewish Law?

Civil Religion?

Separation of Church and State?

Minority Religions?

What is a “Jewish” State?
what about non jews

Diverse Religious Population

    • 5.4 million Jews
    • 1.2 million Muslims
    • 149,00 Christians
    • 117,000 Druze
What about Non-jews?
status quo agreement 1953

All Jews under jurisdiction of chief rabbinate for personal status issues

  • Public observance of Jewish Law
    • No transporation on the Sabbath
    • All government institutions have Kosher food
  • Non-Jew under their own religious authority
Status Quo Agreement, 1953
status quo 1953

Any government leader must prescribe for himself priorities, must decide on first things first...(W)here there was agreement on what was urgent to me, I was prepared to make concessions on what was urgent to others...When I wanted to introduce national service conscription, the religious parties said they would of course support it but they insisted that all army kitchens be kosher. Kosher kitchens to them were of paramount importance; to me they were of subsidiary interest. It was a price I was prepared to pay for their full-fledged support on a vital defense measure...In the same way I agreed not to change the status quo on religious authority for matters of personal status. I know it was hard on some individuals. But I felt, again in the national interest, that it was wise to...pay the comparatively small price of religious status quo."

Status Quo, 1953
civil religion

Calendar

Holidays

Education

National Narratives

Civil Religion
who is a jew

Law of Return: “a grandchild of a Jew, the spouse of a Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew and the spouse of grandchild of a Jew, except a person who has been a Jew and has voluntarily changed his religion.”

Halachah: Matrilineal Descent or Orthodox Conversion

Who is a Jew
chief sephardic rabbi eliahu

"Certainly there is religious freedom for Moslems and Christians, but for Jews only the Orthodox way of religious observance is allowed"

Chief Sephardic Rabbi Eliahu
religious communities in israel

Secular (Hiloni)

  • Religious (Dati)
    • Haredi/Ultra Orthodox
      • Zionist
      • Anti-Zionist
    • Orthodox Zionists
    • Mizrahi
    • “Traditional”
Religious Communities in Israel
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