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A Study of Guyanese, Haitians and Jamaicans in Canada Alan Simmons & Dwaine Plaza Paper presented to the workshop on Lives and Livelihoods: Economic and Demographic Change in Modern Latin America University of Guelph, May 26-27, 2006 . Remittance Motivations and Practices:.

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remittance motivations and practices

A Study of Guyanese, Haitians and Jamaicans in Canada

Alan Simmons & Dwaine Plaza

Paper presented to the workshop on

Lives and Livelihoods: Economic and Demographic Change in

Modern Latin America

University of Guelph, May 26-27, 2006

Remittance Motivations and Practices:
slide2
Preliminary findings!

Do not cite, quote or reproduce without permission from the authors!

map of the presentation
Map of the Presentation:

1. Goals of the Research

2. Background: immigration and settlement

3. Model of Household Remittance Flows

4. Data and Findings

5. Conclusions

1 goals of the research
1. Goals of the Research:
  • How much is remitted? In what form?
  • To whom? For what goals?
  • Through what channels? With what transfer costs?
  • Motives & characteristics of the senders?
2 background
2. Background
  • Immigration levels over time
  • Settlement patterns in Canada
  • Macro estimates of national remittance receipts over time (inflows from all sources)
slide10

El Salvador

Guatemala

Jamaica

Haiti

Honduras

Guyana

3 transnational remittance model
3. Transnational Remittance Model

Resources & Motivations

Outcomes for Senders

Channels and Barriers

Amounts Remitted

Outcomes for Recipients

4 data findings
4. Data & Findings
  • Survey design
  • Characteristics of survey respondents
  • Estimates of remittances sent (by households and individuals, 2005)
  • Channels and transfer cost
  • How remittances are used
  • Correlates of sending behavior
survey design
Survey Design
  • Criterion sample of individuals:
    • Born in Haiti (Montreal) Guyanese (Toronto) and Jamaica (Toronto)
    • Eighteen years of age or over
    • Living in Canada for at least one year
    • Knowledgeable of household expenditures
    • Both males and females, at all income and schooling levels
    • In different parts of each city
questionnaire
Questionnaire
  • Individual level
  • Household level
  • Monetary remittances
  • Goods (via “barrel”, etc.)
  • Collective-institutional transfers
  • Measures of transnational links
policy oriented conclusions
Policy Oriented Conclusions
  • Reduce transfer fees & expand financial services
  • Tax exemption for remitters
  • State provision of matching funds to remittance receivers
  • Strengthen TN community links
future research questions
Future Research Questions

Are remittance flows shaped by:

  • Remittance fatigue?
  • Second generation?
  • Shifting centre of the transnational community?
  • Transnational identity?
  • Return migration plans?
  • Etc.
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), for project financing
  • Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean, York University, for institutional support.
  • Centre D’Études Ethniques des Universités Montréalaises (CEETUM) and the Département de démographie, Université de Montréal, for support and collaboration.
for further details
For further details:
  • Alan Simmons, CERLAC, York University

[email protected]

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