preventing terrorism what role for local police ronald v clarke graeme newman
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Preventing Terrorism: What Role for Local Police? Ronald V. Clarke Graeme Newman

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Preventing Terrorism: What Role for Local Police? Ronald V. Clarke Graeme Newman. Background. Guide commissioned by COPS office Local police role in terrorism Three components: Protecting targets Take them out First responders Purpose of this workshop

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Presentation Transcript
background
Background
  • Guide commissioned by COPS office
  • Local police role in terrorism
  • Three components:
    • Protecting targets
    • Take them out
    • First responders
  • Purpose of this workshop
    • What would be useful for local police
our focus
Our Focus
  • NOT taking them out
    • Limited role for local police
    • Principally for FBI/CIA etc
  • NOT first response - already well covered
  • Protecting vulnerable targets
    • Identifying them
    • Prioritizing them for protection
    • Protecting them
questions for discussion
Questions for discussion
  • Agree with our focus – protecting targets?
  • How have you set about this task?
  • What kinds of targets have you identified?
  • With whom have you partnered?
  • What measures have you considered?
  • What assistance have you sought?
  • What changes have you made?
  • What are your plans and what timeframe?
our approach
Our approach
  • Book: “Outsmarting Terrorists”
    • Not the COPS funded guide
  • National level strategy for protecting targets
  • Outside attackers vs. home grown
  • Analyzing characteristics of attractive targets (buildings and structures)
  • Similar to identifying “hot products” (CRAVED)
  • EVIL DONE
evil done
EVIL DONE
  • Exposed
  • Vital
  • Iconic
  • Legitimate
  • Destructible
  • Occupied
  • Near
  • Easy
exposed
EXPOSED
  • Any target that sticks out, attracts attention
    • Twin Towers World Trade Center compared with chemical factory in an industrial suburb
vital
VITAL
  • Infrastructure
    • Electricity grids, water supply, air traffic systems, telecommunications
iconic
ICONIC
  • Symbolic of America
    • White House, Statue of liberty,
  • Represents government
    • Federal building Oklahoma City
legitimate
LEGITIMATE
  • Will the attack invite moral condemnation?
    • Very difficult judgment for terrorists
destructible
DESTRUCTIBLE
  • Twin towers – took two attempts
    • Truck bombing
    • Airplanes as missiles
occupied
OCCUPIED
  • Small targets packed with people
    • Suicide bombers seek crowded busses, cafes or subway systems
  • Large targets with many people
    • Twin Towers, office buildings
slide13
NEAR
  • Criminals operate close to home, so do terrorists
    • IRA mounted many thousands more attacks in Northern Ireland than on British mainland
slide14
EASY
  • No barriers, lax security
    • Truck bomb parked 8 feet from Murah building
questions for discussion15
Questions for discussion
  • Agree with our focus – protecting targets?
  • How have you set about this task?
  • What kinds of targets have you identified?
  • With whom have you partnered?
  • What measures have you considered?
  • What assistance have you sought?
  • What changes have you made?
  • What are your plans and what timeframe?
  • How useful is EVIL DONE?
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