REGIONAL CONSULTATIVE MEETING OF NATIONAL PLATFORMS ON DRR & DIALOGUE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION, ...
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REGIONAL CONSULTATIVE MEETING OF NATIONAL PLATFORMS ON DRR & DIALOGUE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION, October 20-22, Panama. HFA & Climate Change Reporting Needs and Proposals. Presented by: Group 3 .

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REGIONAL CONSULTATIVE MEETING OF NATIONAL PLATFORMS ON DRR & DIALOGUE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION, October 20-22, Panama

HFA & Climate Change Reporting Needs and Proposals

Presented by:

Group 3


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Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a cross-cutting and complex development issue that requires political and legal commitment, public understanding, scientific knowledge, careful development planning, responsible enforcement of policies and legislation, people-centred early warning systems, and effective disaster preparedness and response mechanisms.

A multi-stakeholder National Platform for DRR can help provide and mobilize knowledge, skills and resources required for mainstreaming DRR into development policies, planning and programmes.

DDR is not a legally-binding commitment

CCA – Adverse effects are not felt equally from one region / country to the next

Need for commitment to help the most vulnerable

Overview


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Small island states, coastal systems and other low-lying areas are especially vulnerable to the effects and impacts of climate change, rising sea levels and extreme weather events.

Millions of people are likely to be affected by floods, storm surges, erosion and other coastal hazards every year due to rising sea levels by the 2080s


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Lessons learned from Kyoto – how can we further accountability and real costing of adverse effects of climate change spanning the continents and regions

Disaggregating measures to account for regional differences in impacts

Caribbean context – coping mechanisms and coping capacities


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HFA & Climate Change Reporting accountability and real costing of adverse effects of climate change spanning the continents and regions

The Caribbean region in particular presents a strong need for integrated DRR & Climate Change Reporting & Programmes

Increase in extreme events & rising sea-levels are critical issues for the Caribbean in particular


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Vulnerability: accountability and real costing of adverse effects of climate change spanning the continents and regions a function of the character, magnitude and rate of climate change and variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity and its adaptive capacity. (Source: IPCC)

Adaptive Capacity: The ability of a system to adjust to climate change (including climate variability and extremes) to moderate potential damages, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences. (Source: IPCC)

Climate Impact Assessment: The practice of identifying and evaluating the (detrimental and beneficial) consequences of climate change on natural and human systems. (Source: IPCC WG II)

What does this imply for the Caribbean region where (whole) populations will be displaced over the next 50-100 years and some islands may even disappear entirely?


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National Adaptation Programmes of Action accountability and real costing of adverse effects of climate change spanning the continents and regions

National Communication on Climate Change to the UNFCC

Ibero-American Climate Change Offices Network (RIOCC)

Ibero-American Plan surrounding Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PIACC)

Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change (CPACC)

Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM)

The Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF)

Five-Year ACS Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Greater Caribbean

Peru is currently developing an agricultural insurance mechanism

others

Current mechanisms


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The Hyogo Framework for Action specifically identifies the need to “promote the integration of risk reduction associated with existing climate variability and future climate change into strategies for the reduction of disaster risk and adaptation to climate change...”.

Unlike Climate Change, HFA reporting and DRR measures are only a political commitment and not legally-binding

CCRIF must be strengthened or couples with other risk transfer mechanisms to account for climate change & extreme events, as well as smaller-scale events

Need for cluster of transfer mechanisms disaggregated

Reporting to whom and to what end? Purpose of reporting

Current mechanisms


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Need for other intermediate sources need to “promote the integration of risk reduction associated with existing climate variability and future climate change into strategies for the reduction of disaster risk and adaptation to climate change...”.

Need to explore other risk transfer mechanisms with a focus on climate change

Water resources and safe drinking water

Increasing need for coping mechanisms for high-frequency, low intensity events (i.e. small-scale events)

Needs


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Need for true-costing beyond economic incentives need to “promote the integration of risk reduction associated with existing climate variability and future climate change into strategies for the reduction of disaster risk and adaptation to climate change...”.

Incentives / disincentives

Displacement of environmentally-induced populations

Need to return to land-use planning & management as a central area of focus

Beyond assessments, need for coping mechanisms

Need for ownership and leadership of the DRR process at all levels, national and local in particular

Needs


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Need to strengthen indicators that link DRR & CCA need to “promote the integration of risk reduction associated with existing climate variability and future climate change into strategies for the reduction of disaster risk and adaptation to climate change...”.

Need for adequate capabilities for monitoring (extreme events)

Reporting to UN system and to national governments

Planning for displaced populations, in part due to rising sea levels

50 – 100 years: Who will report and who will support medium to long term programming, planning and policy

Indicators


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Country-specific indicators to ensure ownership of programmes and mechanisms

Consideration of local & cultural values

Indicators cont.


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Two-way reporting to facilitate accountability programmes and mechanisms

“Donour” responsibility

Robustness i.e. cultural nuances considered & accounted for within reporting

Promote / support the rights of environmentally induced migrants

Land-use management and planning with focus on CC & DRR

Priority of water resources and other natural resources in medium to long term

Ecosystem services

Land tenure within the UN agenda

Proposals


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Strengthen CCRIF & other risk transfer mechanisms with incentives and disincentives (invoke Canadian government initiative to promote reduction activities

DRR & CC tools and incentives for national governments specifically

Incentives for DRR beyond economic / macro terms


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Practical guidelines incentives and disincentives (invoke Canadian government initiative to promote reduction activities

Move from theory to practice

Reporting at all levels, including local

Programmes for investing in prevention coupled with other mechanisms of risk transfer

Particular focus on high frequency, low intensity events

Mechanisms i.e. buffer for increasing resilience to smaller-scale events


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Use of cost-benefit mechanisms for mitigation incentives and disincentives (invoke Canadian government initiative to promote reduction activities

Strengthening local coping capacities for small-scale events: lessons learned & good practices

Insurance mechanisms with incentives to increase resilience, reduce risk, and promote prevention through premiums


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Greater emphasis on HFA in general & HFA Priority for Action 4: Reduce the underlying risk factors in particular

DRR & Priority 4 as a legally-binding reporting requirement (along with CCA) & commitment

Move from theory to practice

Conclusions


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