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Organ Transplants. New Frontiers. Waiting List. Transplants Performed. Xenotransplants. Animal to human Experimental First tried in 1906—pig kidney to human; goat liver to human Baboon heart into human baby in 1984 Two baboon livers into humans in 1992

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Organ Transplants

New Frontiers




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Xenotransplants

  • Animal to human

  • Experimental

  • First tried in 1906—pig kidney to human; goat liver to human

  • Baboon heart into human baby in 1984

  • Two baboon livers into humans in 1992

  • Baboon bone marrow into human AIDS patient in 1996


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The Next Step

  • Genetically altered pig livers

  • Bridge until human liver is available

  • Contained three human genes that will produce human proteins to counter rejection


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Questions for Investigation

  • Why baboons and pigs?

  • Which is favored? Why?

  • Are there other animals being considered?

  • Which mammal is the best match genetically?

  • Can stem cells lead to growing complete human organs?


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