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Organ Transplants. New Frontiers. Waiting List. Transplants Performed. Xenotransplants. Animal to human Experimental First tried in 1906—pig kidney to human; goat liver to human Baboon heart into human baby in 1984 Two baboon livers into humans in 1992

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organ transplants

Organ Transplants

New Frontiers

xenotransplants
Xenotransplants
  • Animal to human
  • Experimental
  • First tried in 1906—pig kidney to human; goat liver to human
  • Baboon heart into human baby in 1984
  • Two baboon livers into humans in 1992
  • Baboon bone marrow into human AIDS patient in 1996
the next step
The Next Step
  • Genetically altered pig livers
  • Bridge until human liver is available
  • Contained three human genes that will produce human proteins to counter rejection
questions for investigation
Questions for Investigation
  • Why baboons and pigs?
  • Which is favored? Why?
  • Are there other animals being considered?
  • Which mammal is the best match genetically?
  • Can stem cells lead to growing complete human organs?
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