Managing a pig herd
1 / 24

Managing a pig herd - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Managing a pig herd. SAPPO Training Course. Introduction. Each age group/development stage has special management requirements to stay healthy and produce well Breeding stock Breeding gilts Pregnant and lactating sows Boars Young stock from birth to point of sale

Related searches for Managing a pig herd

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Managing a pig herd' - ryanadan

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Managing a pig herd l.jpg

Managing a pig herd

SAPPO Training Course

Introduction l.jpg

  • Each age group/development stage has special management requirements to stay healthy and produce well

    • Breeding stock

      • Breeding gilts

      • Pregnant and lactating sows

      • Boars

    • Young stock from birth to point of sale

      • Piglets before and after weaning

      • Weaners and growers

Breeding stock l.jpg
Breeding stock

  • Their wellbeing and continued high production depends on

    • Housing

    • Nutrition

    • Good breeding management (service, farrowing)

    • Health care (vaccination, parasite control)

Introducing gilts l.jpg
Introducing gilts

  • Gilts are usually selected when they are 4-6 months old

  • At 6-7 months, vaccinate for E. coli and erysipelas, leptospirosis, parvovirus, with a booster 4-6 weeks later for both vaccines

  • Treat for mange and worms

  • Feed ad lib until served

  • Put them in a pen next to a mature boar to stimulate them to come on heat

  • Breed at 7-8 months, modern breeds should weigh at least 120 kg at service

Breeding gilts and sows l.jpg
Breeding gilts and sows

  • Females come on heat every 3 weeks

  • When on heat they will stand firm to hand pressure on the middle of the back

  • Females are taken to the boar for service

  • Observe mating – the boar should remain mounted and ejaculating for at least 5 minutes

  • Remove sow after service and repeat 12 and 24 hours later – can use a different boar if available to get larger litters

Breeding sows l.jpg
Breeding sows

  • Sow on heat stands firm to pressure

  • Normal mating

Pregnant sows l.jpg
Pregnant sows

  • Pregnancy lasts about 115 days

  • Observe served sows for signs of heat especially about 3 weeks after first service, and repeat service if necessary

  • Vaccinate with E. coli 2-3 weeks before farrowing date and treat for worms, lice and mange

Pregnant sows8 l.jpg
Pregnant sows

  • Check for constipation – straining, small hard faeces or none

  • Feed green feed and wet bran to prevent or correct constipation

Farrowing l.jpg

  • Put sow into farrowing pen about a week before due date and supply lots of bedding

  • Stand by during farrowing to help if needed but do not interfere if process is normal – piglets born 1-2 at a time at about 10-15 minute intervals

  • Do not break the umbilical cord

  • Can rub and dry piglets and remove membranes from face

  • Foster the bigger piglets from large litters with sows with smaller litters if necessary

Farrowing10 l.jpg

  • Unsupervised farrowing can lead to losses

During lactation l.jpg
During lactation

  • Increase the sow’s feed to 2-3 times the normal amount, observe for weight loss and give more if necessary

  • Feed at least 3 times a day to prevent excessive intake at any one time

  • Ensure that unlimited water is available, lactating sows can drink at least 30 litres per day

  • Wean piglets at 4-6 weeks

  • Sow can be served at first heat after weaning if she is in good condition

During lactation12 l.jpg
During lactation

  • Sow should not appear thin as piglets grow – the sow in the picture at the bottom is much too thin

Managing the boar l.jpg
Managing the boar

  • Treat at least 4 times a year for mange, lice and worms

  • Breed from about 10 months of age

  • Let him serve a quiet sow first if possible

  • Do not overwork – not more than 3-4 services per week

  • Cull when lame, overweight, or not siring good litters

  • Avoid boar serving own daughters as it leads to inbreeding

Managing the boar14 l.jpg
Managing the boar

  • A good boar is a valuable asset

Care of piglets l.jpg
Care of piglets

  • Most piglet deaths occur in the first 3 days of life

  • Major causes are cold, starvation, accidents

    • Supply a warm creep area

    • Make sure that the piglets are suckling well

    • Provide a farrowing rail or deep straw to enable the piglets to get away from the sow so that she will not accidentally lie on them

Deep bedding l.jpg
Deep bedding

  • Deep bedding provides warmth and protection

Care of piglets18 l.jpg
Care of piglets

  • Piglets may also die as a result of infectious diseases or birth defects

    • Ensure good hygiene in the farrowing pen

    • Disinfect the navel and feet with iodine on the day of birth

    • Vaccinate and treat the sow for parasites as described before

    • Make sure that the piglets suckle as soon as possible to take in colostrum

    • Avoid inbreeding

Suckling l.jpg

  • Piglets and sow should be calm and happy

  • Piglets not suckling and hard red teats = mastitis

Procedures l.jpg

  • Injection with iron

  • Castration

Tattooing l.jpg

  • Pigs are tattooed at weaning

Care of weaners l.jpg
Care of weaners

  • Wean at 4-6 weeks by removing sow and leaving piglets in farrowing pen for 3-5 days

  • Feed small amounts of weaner feed from 10 days before weaning

  • Restrict feed for 1-2 days after weaning to prevent over-eating; give wet feed

  • After that feed ad lib, water always available

  • Good food, good hygiene, good health management and timely treatment if necessary are the keys to success with weaners and growers

Mixing litters l.jpg
Mixing litters

  • If possible mix piglets of the same size, age, sex

  • To prevent excessive fighting

    • Provide enough space for them to move apart

    • Make sure there is plenty of space at the feeder

    • Provide “toys” – pieces of old motor tyres, sacking, branches – to occupy them