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Hula Kahiko & Auana: Hawaiian Music & Dance, by Christina Nguyen. What is hula dancing?. A form of dance developed in the Hawaiian islands, accompanied by song or chant The movements of the body and hands translate or reflect the meaning of the song

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Hula Kahiko & Auana: Hawaiian Music & Dance, by Christina Nguyen


What is hula dancing l.jpg
What is hula dancing?

  • A form of dance developed in the Hawaiian islands, accompanied by song or chant

  • The movements of the body and hands translate or reflect the meaning of the song

  • There are two main categories of hula dancing: Kahiko and Auana


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History of Hula

  • Some legends say that Laka, goddess of the hula, gave birth to the dance on the island of Moloka‘i.

  • In the early 1800s, American Protestant missionaries banned the hula as a heathen dance.


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History of Hula, cont.

  • In the late 1800s, King David Kalakaua bought back the traditional arts of Hawaii.

  • Today, Hawaii holds annual hula competitions and festivals to preserve and celebrate Hawaiian culture and dance. The most distinguished is the Merrie Monarch festival, held in memory of King Kalakaua.


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Hula Kahiko Music Clips, Images

  • Kahiko Wahine (Women) Chant

  • Kahiko Kane (Men) Chant


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Hula Kahiko

  • Kahiko is an ancient hula

  • It is often accompanied by mele (chanting) and the pahu (traditional drum)‏

  • Hawaiians used Kahiko dance to pass down stories and history accurately since there was no written language

    • Stories spoke of powerful figures or events, mythology and creation.


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Kahiko Instruments

Pahu

  • Shark-skin covered wooden drum, often made from coconut log or breadfruit wood

  • Instrument is either played with the fingertips of the palms of the hand

  • Drums gives off a deep tone

  • Often used to accommodate Kahiko hula


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Ipu

  • This hollowed-up single or double gourd drum helps in keeping a steady beat to the hula.

  • It is used by slapping the drum with the hands (pa’i) and fingers and stamping on the ground or on a mat (ku).


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Auana Hula

  • Modern hula, influenced by Western culture

    • Slack key guitar and ukulele are used rather than the Pahu

    • Music followed a more melodic harmony

  • In comparison to Kahiko’s more brisk and fast-paced movements, Auana is slower and more graceful

  • Auana is mainly used for entertainment

  • Movements are also used to tell a story


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Hula Auana Sound Clips

Hula Auana

Hula Auana: Ka Uluwehi O Ke Kai (Plants of the Sea)‏


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Ukulele

Ukulele sound clip

  • Adapted from early European influences

  • Comes from the guitar family with four strings

  • Mainly made from local Hawaiian wood, Koa

  • There are 4 different types of ukulele: soprano, concert, tenor and baritone


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Popular Hula Implements

‘Uli ‘uli: feathered gourd rattles. Shaken at the wrist in a brisk back & forth motion

Pu’ili: split bamboo sticks. Sticks are hit together or against the body (shoulders) to create sound & rhythm.


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Review

  • What is the difference between hula Kahiko and hula Auana?

    • In sound?

    • In dancing style?

  • What is purpose for hula in Hawaiian culture?

  • Name the instruments and implements used in hula Auana and Kahiko.


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