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Early African Kingdoms & Empires. Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. Pre-Historic Africa. North African Kingdoms. Kingdom of Kush [295 BCE – 320 CE]. Nubia [modern-day Sudan]. Pyramids of Kush at Meroë. Pyramids of Kush at Meroë. Kushite in Egypt, 23 BCE.

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Early African Kingdoms & Empires

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Early

African

Kingdoms

& Empires

Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY


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Pre-Historic Africa


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North

African

Kingdoms


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Kingdom of Kush[295 BCE – 320 CE]

Nubia[modern-day Sudan]


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Pyramids of Kush at Meroë


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Pyramids of Kush at Meroë


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Kushite in Egypt, 23 BCE


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Kingdom of Axum [300-700]


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Stele, Ezana’s Royal Tomb,Aksum (4c)


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Christian Church, Lalibela[Ethiopia]


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Christian Church, Lalibela[Ethiopia]

Coptic Christian Priest


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AXUM’SACHIEVEMENTS

Built

Stelae

Controlled NE African

Trade

Written

Language

Terrace

Farming

Spread

Christianity

in No. & E. Africa


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West African

Empires &

Civilizations


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Gold-Salt Trade

Berbers

SALT

GOLD


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Ghana Empire [4c-11c]

Gold “Money”, Ghana/Ivory Coast


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Salt


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Mali Empire [13c-15c]

SALT

GOLD


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Timbuktu-”Heavenly Clay”


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Timbuktu Rooftop, Mosque


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Tuaregs


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Marketplace near the Niger River


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Mosque in Gao


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Great Mosque at Djenne, Mali


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Distant Mosque at Djenne, Mali


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Sundiata [1210-1260]

“Lion Prince”


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Mansa Musa [r. 1312-1337]


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European Map


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Songhai Empire [15c-16c]

SALT

GOLD


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Sunni Ali [r.1464-1492]


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Askia Mohammed [r.1493-1529]


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Askia Mohammed’s Tomb [1443-1538]

Gao, Mali


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Benin Empire [15c-19c]


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Bronze Heads from Benin (16c)


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Benin Bronze Leopard


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Migrations

Into &

Within

Africa


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What are some

reasons why

humans

migrate?


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Bantu

Migrations:

1000 BCE

To

500 CE


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Islamic

Invasions


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Eastern

City-States


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African Trade Routes


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Swahili-Speaking Areas of E. Africa

SWAHILI [“the coast’] = Bantu + some Arabic


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Arab Dow off the coast of Zanzibar


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Southern

African

Kingdoms


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Great Zimbabwe [1200-1450]

“Zimbabwe” = “stone enclosure”


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Great Zimbabwe Street


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Great Enclosure, Zimbabwe


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Manamotopa Empire [1450-1630]


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Africa

during the

Age of European

Exploration


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Overland & Sea Trade Routes by 16c


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African Trade [15c-17c]


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