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Container Gardening Made Easy. Presented By: Jason Becker. Discussion Topics. Container Gardening What is container gardening 6 Steps to successful container gardening Step #1 – Container Selection Step #2 – Soil Quality Step #3 – Plant Selection Step #4 – Proper Planting

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container gardening made easy

Container GardeningMade Easy

Presented By: Jason Becker

slide2

Discussion Topics

  • Container Gardening
    • What is container gardening
    • 6 Steps to successful container gardening
      • Step #1 – Container Selection
      • Step #2 – Soil Quality
      • Step #3 – Plant Selection
      • Step #4 – Proper Planting
      • Step #5 – Fertilization
      • Step #6 – Water!
    • Container gardens in the landscape
      • Location Location Location
slide3

Container Gardening

  • What is Container Gardening?
    • Using plant materials in a container

of some kind to make a point of interest.

    • Plants used: annuals, perennials, vegetables, dwarf trees, shrubs, cactus, tropicals, house plants and water plants.
    • It can be a combination of plants or the same plant.
  • Continues to be the leading trend for gardening in the US.
    • Time savings for a fast pace life.
    • Less maintenance.
    • Good starter garden for those who have not had much experience in the garden.
slide4

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #1 – Container Selection
    • Questions to ask
      • Where will this container be located?
        • Full sun, part shade or shade exposure.
        • The more sun exposure the quicker the container will dry out.
      • How big do you need it to be?
        • A larger container will handle more sun exposure.
        • The larger the plants that you want, the larger the container you will need.
      • Plastic, pottery, metal, fiber or other?
        • Pottery and fiber will dry out quicker than others.
slide5

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #2 – Soil Quality
    • Potting soil is the basis of a successful container garden.
      • Potting soil is made up of:
        • Perlite
        • Vermiculite
        • Peat moss
        • Bark fines of different sizes
      • Potting soil has no soil!
        • The majority of it is made up of peat moss which is actually a plant.
slide6

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Positives & Negatives of soiless mixes.
    • Positives
      • Promotes stronger root growth by allowing water and oxygen to move through the container.
      • More healthy plant material.
      • Reduces diseases.
      • Weed seed free.
    • Negatives
      • Increased watering.
      • Leaching of nutrients.
      • When the soiless mix dries out it becomes very difficult to get hydrated again.
slide7

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Container size and soil.
    • Soil in 12” containers or smaller should be completed dumped each year.
    • Soil in larger containers should have at least half of the soil dumped out each year.
    • Left over soil will have leached all nutrients and can promote insect infestation.
slide8

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Soil amenities.
    • Water polymers
      • Water polymers are small granules that grow many times there size when exposed to water.
        • Creates a reservoir for the plant to use.
        • Roots grow into the polymer and take in the water when it is needed.
        • Helps keep a healthier plant during the hot summer.
    • Time release fertilizer
      • Recommended to keep your plant material healthy.
      • Releases fertilizer over a 3 month period.
      • Does not mean you do not have to hand water over the summer!
slide9

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #3 - Plant Selection
    • This is one of the hardest parts of developing your container garden.
    • Personal preference!
    • Must take into consideration where the planter will be located.
      • Full Sun = South side or West side exposure
        • Plants need more than ½ day sun.
        • Plants need the hot afternoon sun.
      • Part Sun = North side or East side exposure
        • Morning sun until noon.
        • Usually will not take the hot afternoon sun.
slide10

Color

  • Only 3 Rules to remember
    • Match similar sun exposure plants.
    • Consider how aggressive plants are.
    • No rules on combining plants, colors or textures.
  • Color, Texture & Height
    • Color : What do you like?
      • Color of pot.
      • Color of background.
slide13

Texture

  • Texture
    • Bloom shape.
    • Leaf shape & size.
    • Variations in color in the leaf.
    • Texture of the leaf
      • Fuzzy
      • Glossy
      • Wiry

Spider Dahlia

Sedum Angelina

Euphorbia

Coleus

slide14

Height

  • Height:
    • Give your container a centerpiece to build from.
    • Know the growth habit of the plants you are using.
      • Upright – how tall will it get?
      • Trailing
      • Mounding
slide15

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #4 – Proper Planting
    • Do not pull plant out of the pot by the plant.
      • Damage to the roots and stem of the plant can occur.
      • Turn pot upside down, squeeze the sides of the pot and tap the bottom while cupping the top of the pot to hold the plant and soil.
    • New plants should be placed at the same soil depth in the new container as it was in the old container.
      • Planting them too deep could choke the plant and stunt the growth.
slide16

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Trim off ¾ of the flowers from the plant.
    • This will promote new root growth to get established in the container.
    • Also reduces planting stress by eliminating the energy needed to push flowers.
  • Once planted, water the container thoroughly in order to get water all through the container.
  • Allow the container to dry to the touch then water again.
slide17

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Make your container full, but don’t put too many plants in or it will cause you more work.
    • More water.
    • More trimming.
  • Plants vs. Container Size
    • 6” and smaller – 1 plant
    • 8” – 1 or 2 plants
    • 10” – 3 to 4 plants
    • 12” – 4 to 6 plants
  • 12” pot with10 plants

2 varieties are very aggressive!

They water this 3 times a day!

slide18

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #5 - Fertilization
    • Proper fertilization is very important with these new varieties.
    • Fertilize once a week from planting until you are done with the basket.
    • Recommended fertilizers.
      • Blooming & Rooting 9-59-8 (Fertilome Product)
        • Focuses on root development and bud set.
        • High in phosphate.
      • Miracle Grow 15-30-15
        • Develops more foliage.
        • Darker green plants.
slide19

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

    • Time Release Fertilizer
      • Mixed in the soil when planting your container.
      • Slowly releases fertilizer through the summer.
      • Helps to maintain a nutrient balance in the soil to produce large healthy plants.
  • Fertilization schedule.
    • 1st 3 weeks after planting Blooming & Rooting.
    • 1 week Miracle Grow.
    • 3 weeks Blooming & Rooting.
    • Follow this through the rest of the summer.
slide20

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #6 – Water!!!
    • When to water?
      • Early growth stage you would water only when the container is dry.
        • Letting the soil dry and then getting it wet promotes healthy root development.
        • Consistently wet soil will damage roots.
      • Mature containers will need water daily.
        • Early morning or late evening are good watering times.
        • In the heat of the summer watering twice a day is necessary.
slide21

6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • How much?
    • Young plant stage and cooler weather water just enough to soak in the 1st few inches and only when it is dry.
    • In the heat of the summer and during large growth stages, water until it starts to drain out the bottom.
  • Letting container go dry.
    • Damages roots and stunts the growth of the plant or kills the plant material.
    • Causes potting soil to shrink from the sides allowing all of the water to instantly run out the bottom.
      • Must soak the pot in a bucket to re-hydrate the soil and get it to expand.
      • Once it takes water again you can go back to normal watering.
slide22

Osteospermum Light Purple

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Superbena Dark Blue

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Nemesia Sunsatia Coconut

3 per 84 Pro Tray

slide23

Nemesia Sunsatia Lemon

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Supertunia Lemon Plume

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Scaevola Whirlwind White

3 per 84 Pro Tray

slide24

Osteospermum Light Purple Soprano

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Superbena Blue Purple

3 per 84 Pro Tray

slide25

Argyranthemum Molimba White

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Lobelia Sky Blue

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Supertunia Red

3 per 84 Pro Tray

slide26

Gypsophila Festival Star

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Nemesia Sunsatia Lemon

3 per 84 Pro Tray

Diascia Flying Colors Trailing Red

3 per 84 Pro Tray

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