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Container Gardening Made Easy. Presented By: Jason Becker. Discussion Topics. Container Gardening What is container gardening 6 Steps to successful container gardening Step #1 – Container Selection Step #2 – Soil Quality Step #3 – Plant Selection Step #4 – Proper Planting

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Container GardeningMade Easy

Presented By: Jason Becker


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Discussion Topics

  • Container Gardening

    • What is container gardening

    • 6 Steps to successful container gardening

      • Step #1 – Container Selection

      • Step #2 – Soil Quality

      • Step #3 – Plant Selection

      • Step #4 – Proper Planting

      • Step #5 – Fertilization

      • Step #6 – Water!

    • Container gardens in the landscape

      • Location Location Location


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Container Gardening

  • What is Container Gardening?

    • Using plant materials in a container

      of some kind to make a point of interest.

    • Plants used: annuals, perennials, vegetables, dwarf trees, shrubs, cactus, tropicals, house plants and water plants.

    • It can be a combination of plants or the same plant.

  • Continues to be the leading trend for gardening in the US.

    • Time savings for a fast pace life.

    • Less maintenance.

    • Good starter garden for those who have not had much experience in the garden.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #1 – Container Selection

    • Questions to ask

      • Where will this container be located?

        • Full sun, part shade or shade exposure.

        • The more sun exposure the quicker the container will dry out.

      • How big do you need it to be?

        • A larger container will handle more sun exposure.

        • The larger the plants that you want, the larger the container you will need.

      • Plastic, pottery, metal, fiber or other?

        • Pottery and fiber will dry out quicker than others.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #2 – Soil Quality

    • Potting soil is the basis of a successful container garden.

      • Potting soil is made up of:

        • Perlite

        • Vermiculite

        • Peat moss

        • Bark fines of different sizes

      • Potting soil has no soil!

        • The majority of it is made up of peat moss which is actually a plant.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Positives & Negatives of soiless mixes.

    • Positives

      • Promotes stronger root growth by allowing water and oxygen to move through the container.

      • More healthy plant material.

      • Reduces diseases.

      • Weed seed free.

    • Negatives

      • Increased watering.

      • Leaching of nutrients.

      • When the soiless mix dries out it becomes very difficult to get hydrated again.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Container size and soil.

    • Soil in 12” containers or smaller should be completed dumped each year.

    • Soil in larger containers should have at least half of the soil dumped out each year.

    • Left over soil will have leached all nutrients and can promote insect infestation.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Soil amenities.

    • Water polymers

      • Water polymers are small granules that grow many times there size when exposed to water.

        • Creates a reservoir for the plant to use.

        • Roots grow into the polymer and take in the water when it is needed.

        • Helps keep a healthier plant during the hot summer.

    • Time release fertilizer

      • Recommended to keep your plant material healthy.

      • Releases fertilizer over a 3 month period.

      • Does not mean you do not have to hand water over the summer!


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #3 - Plant Selection

    • This is one of the hardest parts of developing your container garden.

    • Personal preference!

    • Must take into consideration where the planter will be located.

      • Full Sun = South side or West side exposure

        • Plants need more than ½ day sun.

        • Plants need the hot afternoon sun.

      • Part Sun = North side or East side exposure

        • Morning sun until noon.

        • Usually will not take the hot afternoon sun.


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Color

  • Only 3 Rules to remember

    • Match similar sun exposure plants.

    • Consider how aggressive plants are.

    • No rules on combining plants, colors or textures.

  • Color, Texture & Height

    • Color : What do you like?

      • Color of pot.

      • Color of background.




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Texture

  • Texture

    • Bloom shape.

    • Leaf shape & size.

    • Variations in color in the leaf.

    • Texture of the leaf

      • Fuzzy

      • Glossy

      • Wiry

Spider Dahlia

Sedum Angelina

Euphorbia

Coleus


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Height

  • Height:

    • Give your container a centerpiece to build from.

    • Know the growth habit of the plants you are using.

      • Upright – how tall will it get?

      • Trailing

      • Mounding


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #4 – Proper Planting

    • Do not pull plant out of the pot by the plant.

      • Damage to the roots and stem of the plant can occur.

      • Turn pot upside down, squeeze the sides of the pot and tap the bottom while cupping the top of the pot to hold the plant and soil.

    • New plants should be placed at the same soil depth in the new container as it was in the old container.

      • Planting them too deep could choke the plant and stunt the growth.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Trim off ¾ of the flowers from the plant.

    • This will promote new root growth to get established in the container.

    • Also reduces planting stress by eliminating the energy needed to push flowers.

  • Once planted, water the container thoroughly in order to get water all through the container.

  • Allow the container to dry to the touch then water again.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Make your container full, but don’t put too many plants in or it will cause you more work.

    • More water.

    • More trimming.

  • Plants vs. Container Size

    • 6” and smaller – 1 plant

    • 8” – 1 or 2 plants

    • 10” – 3 to 4 plants

    • 12” – 4 to 6 plants

  • 12” pot with10 plants

    2 varieties are very aggressive!

    They water this 3 times a day!


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Step #5 - Fertilization

    • Proper fertilization is very important with these new varieties.

    • Fertilize once a week from planting until you are done with the basket.

    • Recommended fertilizers.

      • Blooming & Rooting 9-59-8 (Fertilome Product)

        • Focuses on root development and bud set.

        • High in phosphate.

      • Miracle Grow 15-30-15

        • Develops more foliage.

        • Darker green plants.


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6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

  • Time Release Fertilizer

    • Mixed in the soil when planting your container.

    • Slowly releases fertilizer through the summer.

    • Helps to maintain a nutrient balance in the soil to produce large healthy plants.

  • Fertilization schedule.

    • 1st 3 weeks after planting Blooming & Rooting.

    • 1 week Miracle Grow.

    • 3 weeks Blooming & Rooting.

    • Follow this through the rest of the summer.


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    6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

    • Step #6 – Water!!!

      • When to water?

        • Early growth stage you would water only when the container is dry.

          • Letting the soil dry and then getting it wet promotes healthy root development.

          • Consistently wet soil will damage roots.

        • Mature containers will need water daily.

          • Early morning or late evening are good watering times.

          • In the heat of the summer watering twice a day is necessary.


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    6 Steps to Successful Container Gardens

    • How much?

      • Young plant stage and cooler weather water just enough to soak in the 1st few inches and only when it is dry.

      • In the heat of the summer and during large growth stages, water until it starts to drain out the bottom.

    • Letting container go dry.

      • Damages roots and stunts the growth of the plant or kills the plant material.

      • Causes potting soil to shrink from the sides allowing all of the water to instantly run out the bottom.

        • Must soak the pot in a bucket to re-hydrate the soil and get it to expand.

        • Once it takes water again you can go back to normal watering.


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