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Energy Prices, 1980-2030. 2005 dollars per million Btu. History. Projections. Electricity. Crude Oil. Natural gas. Coal. Delivered Energy Consumption by Sector, 1980-2030. quadrillion Btu. Transportation. Industrial. Residential. Commercial. History. Projections.

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Energy prices 1980 2030 l.jpg
Energy Prices, 1980-2030

2005 dollars per million Btu

History

Projections

Electricity

Crude Oil

Natural gas

Coal

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Delivered energy consumption by sector 1980 2030 l.jpg
Delivered Energy Consumption by Sector, 1980-2030

quadrillion Btu

Transportation

Industrial

Residential

Commercial

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Energy consumption by fuel 1980 2030 l.jpg
Energy Consumption by Fuel, 1980-2030

quadrillion Btu

History

Projections

Petroleum

Coal

Natural Gas

Nuclear

Nonhydro renewables

Hydropower

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product 1980 2030 l.jpg
Energy Use per Capita and per Dollar of Gross Domestic Product, 1980-2030

index, 1980 = 1

Energy use per capita

Energy use per dollar GDP

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Electricity generation by fuel 1980 2030 l.jpg
Electricity Generation by Fuel, 1980-2030

billion kilowatthours

History

Projections

5,478

Coal

2,094

Electricity Demand

Natural gas

Nuclear

Renewables

Petroleum

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Total energy production and consumption 1980 2030 l.jpg
Total Energy Production and Consumption, 1980-2030

quadrillion Btu

History

Projections

Net imports

Consumption

Production

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Energy production by fuel 1980 2030 l.jpg
Energy Production by Fuel, 1980-2030

quadrillion Btu

History

Projections

Coal

Natural gas

Petroleum

Nuclear

Nonhydro renewables

Hydropower

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


U s carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel 1990 2030 l.jpg
U.S. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Fuel,1990-2030

million metric tons

Transportation

Coal

Industrial

Natural gas

Commercial

Petroleum

Residential

1990

2005

2010

2030

2020

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide9 l.jpg
Reformed CAFE Standards (miles per gallon) for Light Trucks by Model Year and Vehicle Footprint (square feet)

miles per gallon

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


World oil prices in three cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
World Oil Prices in Three Cases, 1990-2030 by Model Year and Vehicle Footprint (square feet)

2005 dollars per barrel

High Price

Reference

Low Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Changes in construction commodity costs 1973 2006 l.jpg
Changes in Construction Commodity Costs, by Model Year and Vehicle Footprint (square feet)1973-2006

constant dollar index, 1973=100; 1981=100 for cement costs

Iron and Steel

Construction Commodities

Composite

Concrete Products

Cement

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Drilling costs for onshore natural gas development wells at depths of 7 500 to 9 999 feet 1996 2004 l.jpg
Drilling Costs for Onshore Natural Gas Development Wells at Depths of 7,500 to 9,999 Feet, 1996-2004

2004 dollars per well

Average

Median

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Change in iron and steel mining equipment and machinery and railroad equipment costs 1973 2006 l.jpg
Change in Iron and Steel, Mining Equipment and Machinery, and Railroad Equipment Costs, 1973-2006

constant dollar index, 1973=100

Mining Equipment and Machinery

Railroad Equipment

Iron and Steel

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Changes in construction commodity costs and electric utility construction costs 1973 2006 l.jpg
Changes in Construction Commodity Costs and Electric Utility Construction Costs, 1973-2006

constant dollar index, 1973=100

Electric Utility Construction

Construction Commodities Composite

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Additions to electricity generation capacity in the electric power sector 1990 2030 l.jpg
Additions to Electricity Generation Capacity in the Electric Power Sector, 1990-2030

gigawatts of net summer capacity

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide16 l.jpg
Energy Intensity of Industry Subgroups in the Metal-Based Durables Group of Manufacturing Industries, 2002

Electricity

Natural Gas

thousand Btu per 2000 dollar value of shipments

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide17 l.jpg

Average Annual Growth Rates of Value of Shipments for Metal-Based Durables Industries in the AEO2006 and AEO2007 Reference Case Projections, 2005-2030

AEO2006

AEO2007

percent per year

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide18 l.jpg

Average Annual Increases in Energy Demand for Metal-Based Durables Industries in the AEO2006 and AEO2007 Reference Case Projections, 2005-2030

AEO2006

AEO2007

percent per year

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide19 l.jpg

Annual Delivered Energy Demand for the Non-Energy-Intensive Manufacturing Industry Groups in the AEO2006 and AEO2007 Reference Case Projections, 2005-2030

trillion Btu

AEO2006

Other Non-Energy-Intensive

AEO2007

AEO2006

Metal-Based Durables

AEO2007

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Lower 48 offshore crude oil production in two cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Lower 48 Offshore Crude Oil Production in Two Cases, 1990-2030

million barrels per day

Outer Continental Shelf

Access Case

Reference Case

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Lower 48 offshore natural gas production in two cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Lower 48 Offshore Natural Gas Production in Two Cases, 1990-2030

trillion cubic feet

Outer Continental Shelf

Access Case

Reference Case

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


U s ethanol production and production capacity 1999 2007 l.jpg
U.S. Ethanol Production and Production Capacity, 1999-2007 1990-2030

billion gallons

Production Capacity

Consumption

Under

Construction

August 2006

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average u s prices for ethanol and gasoline 2003 2006 l.jpg
Average U.S. Prices for Ethanol and Gasoline, 1990-20302003-2006

nominal cents per gallon

Ethanol without Blender’s Tax Credit

Unleaded Motor Gasoline

Ethanol with Blender’s Tax Credit

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average annual growth rates of real gdp labor force and productivity in three cases 2005 2030 l.jpg
Average Annual Growth Rates of Real GDP, Labor Force, and Productivity in Three Cases, 2005-2030

percent per year

Low Growth

Reference

High Growth

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average annual inflation interest and unemployment rates in three cases 2005 2030 l.jpg
Average Annual Inflation, Interest, and Unemployment Rates in Three Cases, 2005-2030

percent per year

Low Growth

Reference

High Growth

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases 2005 2030 l.jpg
Sectoral Composition of Industrial Output Growth Rates in Three Cases, 2005-2030

Low Growth

Reference

High Growth

percent per year

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Energy expenditures in the u s economy 1990 2030 l.jpg
Energy Expenditures in the U.S. Economy, Three Cases, 2005-20301990-2030

billion 2005 dollars

High Growth

Reference

Low Growth

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Energy expenditures as a share of gross domestic product 1970 2030 l.jpg
Energy Expenditures as a Share of Gross Domestic Product, 1970-2030

nominal expenditures as a percent of nominal GDP

Energy Intensity

(thousand Btu per real dollar of GDP)

17.4

9.1

5.8

All Energy

Petroleum

Natural Gas

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


World oil prices in three cases 1980 2030 l.jpg
World Oil Prices in Three Cases, 1980-2030 1970-2030

2005 dollars per barrel

High Price

Reference

Low Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


U s gross petroleum imports by source 2005 2030 l.jpg
U.S. Gross Petroleum Imports by Source, 2005-2030 1970-2030

million barrels per day

Other

Far East

Caribbean

Europe

North America

Other OPEC

OPEC Persian Gulf

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Unconventional resources as a share of the world liquids market 1990 2030 l.jpg
Unconventional Resources as a Share of the World Liquids Market, 1990-2030

percent

History

Projections

High Price

Reference

Low Price

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


World liquids production shares by region 2005 and 2030 l.jpg
World Liquids Production Shares by Region, Market, 1990-20302005 and 2030

percent

Africa/

Middle East

Far East

Central/South

America

Europe and

Eurasia

North America

Other OPEC

OPEC

Persian

Gulf

2030

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product 1980 203033 l.jpg
Energy Use per Capita and per Dollar of Gross Market, 1990-2030 Domestic Product, 1980-2030

index, 1980=1

Energy use per capita

Energy use per dollar GDP

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Primary energy use by fuel 2005 2030 l.jpg
Primary Energy Use by Fuel, 2005-2030 Market, 1990-2030

quadrillion Btu

Other Renewables

Hydropower

Nuclear

Coal

Natural Gas

Petroleum

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Delivered energy use by fuel 1980 2030 l.jpg
Delivered Energy Use by Fuel, 1980-2030 Market, 1990-2030

quadrillion Btu

History

Projections

Liquid Fuels

Natural Gas

Electricity

Coal

Renewables

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Primary energy consumption by sector 1980 2030 l.jpg
Primary Energy Consumption by Sector, 1980-2030 Market, 1990-2030

quadrillion Btu

Residential

Commercial

Industrial

Transportation

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Residential delivered energy consumption per capita 1990 2030 l.jpg
Residential Delivered Energy Consumption per Capita, 1990-2030

index, 1990=1

2006 Technology

Reference

High Technology

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Residential delivered energy consumption by fuel 2005 2015 and 2030 l.jpg
Residential Delivered Energy Consumption by Fuel, 1990-20302005, 2015, and 2030

quadrillion Btu

2005

2015

2030

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Efficiency indicators for selected residential appliances 2005 and 2030 l.jpg
Efficiency Indicators for Selected Residential Appliances, 2005 and 2030

index, 2005 stock efficiency=1

2030 Stock, Best Available Technology Case

2030 Stock, 2006 Technology Case

2005 Stock

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Commercial delivered energy consumption per capita 1980 2030 l.jpg
Commercial Delivered Energy Consumption per Capita, 1980-2030

index, 1980=1

2006 Technology

High Technology

Reference

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Commercial delivered energy consumption by fuel 2005 2015 and 2030 l.jpg
Commercial Delivered Energy Consumption by Fuel, 1980-20302005, 2015, and 2030

quadrillion Btu

2005

2015

2030

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Efficiency indicators for selected commercial energy end users 2005 and 2030 l.jpg
Efficiency Indicators for Selected Commercial Energy End Users, 2005 and 2030

index, 2005 stock efficiency=1

2030 Stock, Best Available Technology Case

2030 Stock, 2006 Technology Case

2005 Stock

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Buildings sector electricity generation from advanced technologies 2030 l.jpg
Buildings Sector Electricity Generation from Advanced Technologies, 2030

percent change from reference case

High Technology

Best Available Technology

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Industrial delivered energy consumption 1980 2030 l.jpg
Industrial Delivered Energy Consumption, 1980-2030 Technologies, 2030

quadrillion Btu

High Growth

Reference

Low Growth

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average output growth in the manufacturing subsectors 2005 2030 l.jpg
Average Output Growth in the Manufacturing Subsectors, 2005-2030

Reference

High Growth

Low Growth

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average growth of delivered energy consumption in the manufacturing subsectors 2005 2030 l.jpg
Average Growth of Delivered Energy Consumption in the Manufacturing Subsectors, 2005-2030

Low Growth

High Growth

Reference

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Industrial delivered energy intensity 1980 2030 l.jpg
Industrial Delivered Energy Intensity, 1980-2030 Manufacturing Subsectors, 2005-2030

thousand Btu per 2000 dollar value of shipments

History

Projections

Reference

2006 Technology

High Technology

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average change in energy intensity in the manufacturing subsectors 2005 2030 l.jpg
Average Change in Energy Intensity in the Manufacturing Subsectors, 2005-2030

2006 Technology

Reference

High Technology

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Delivered energy consumption for transportation 1980 2030 l.jpg
Delivered Energy Consumption for Transportation, Subsectors, 2005-20301980-2030

quadrillion Btu

High Growth

Low Price

Reference

High Price

Low Growth

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Delivered energy consumption in light duty vehicles 1980 2030 l.jpg
Delivered Energy Consumption in Light-Duty Vehicles, 1980-2030

quadrillion Btu

High Growth

Reference

Low Price

High Price

Low Growth

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average fuel economy of new light duty vehicles 1980 2030 l.jpg
Average Fuel Economy of New Light-Duty Vehicles, 1980-20301980-2030

miles per gallon

High Technology

High Price

Reference

2006 Technology

Low Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Sales of unconventional light duty vehicles by fuel type 2015 and 2030 l.jpg
Sales of Unconventional Light-Duty Vehicles by Fuel 1980-2030Type, 2015 and 2030

thousand vehicles sold

Total

Flex-Fuel

Electric Hybrid

Advanced Diesel

Gaseous Technology

Fuel Cell and Electric

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Annual electricity sales by sector 1980 2030 l.jpg
Annual Electricity Sales by Sector, 1980-2030 1980-2030

billion kilowatthours

Commercial

Residential

Industrial

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Electricity generation by fuel 2005 and 2030 l.jpg
Electricity Generation by Fuel, 2005 and 2030 1980-2030

billion kilowatthours

2005

2030

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type including combined heat and power 2006 2030 l.jpg
Electricity Generation Capacity Additions by Fuel Type, Including Combined Heat and Power, 2006-2030

gigawatts

Natural Gas

Coal

Renewables

Nuclear

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Levelized electricity costs for new plants 2015 and 2030 l.jpg
Levelized Electricity Costs for New Plants, Including Combined Heat and Power, 2006-20302015 and 2030

2005 mills per kilowatthour

Incremental Transmission Costs

Variable Costs,

Including Fuel

Fixed

Costs

Capital

Costs

2015

2030

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide57 l.jpg
Electricity Generation Capacity Additions, Including Including Combined Heat and Power, 2006-2030Combined Heat and Power, by Region and Fuel,2006-2030

gigawatts

Coal

Natural Gas

Renewable/Other

Nuclear

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Electricity generation from nuclear power 1973 2030 l.jpg
Electricity Generation from Nuclear Power, Including Combined Heat and Power, 2006-20301973-2030

billion kilowatthours

High Growth

Low Price

Reference

Low Growth

Low Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Levelized electricity costs for new plants by fuel type in two nuclear cost cases 2015 and 2030 l.jpg
Levelized Electricity Costs for New Plants by Fuel Type in Two Nuclear Cost Cases, 2015 and 2030

2005 cents per kilowatthour

2015

2030

Incremental Transmission Costs

Variable

Costs,

Including

Fuel

Fixed

Costs

Capital

Costs

Coal

Natural Gas

Combined Cycle

Nuclear:

Reference Case

Nuclear: Low

Cost Case

Nuclear: High

Cost Case

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Nonhydroelectric renewable electricity generation by energy source 2005 2030 l.jpg
Nonhydroelectric Renewable Electricity Generation by Energy Source, 2005-2030

billion kilowatthours

Geothermal

Solar

Wind

Biomass

MSW/

Landfill Gas

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Grid connected electricity generation from renewable energy sources 1990 2030 l.jpg
Grid-Connected Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy Sources, 1990-2030

billion kilowatthours

History

Projections

Conventional Hydropower

Other Renewables

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Levelized and avoided costs for new renewable plants in the northwest 2030 l.jpg
Levelized and Avoided Costs for New renewable Plants in the Northwest, 2030

2005 mills per kilowatthour

Reference

High Renewable

Low Renewable

2005

2030

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Renewable electricity generation 2005 2030 l.jpg
Renewable Electricity Generation, 2005-2030 Northwest, 2030

billion kilowatthours

Regional RPS

Reference

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Cumulative new generating capacity by technology type in three fossil technology cases 2006 2030 l.jpg
Cumulative New Generating Capacity by Technology Type in Three Fossil Technology Cases, 2006-2030

gigawatts

Coal

Advanced Coal

Natural Gas

Advanced Gas

Renewable/Other

Nuclear

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Fuel prices to electricity generators 1995 2030 l.jpg
Fuel Prices to Electricity Generators, 1995-2030 Three Fossil Technology Cases, 2006-2030

2005 dollars per million Btu

History

Projections

Petroleum

Natural Gas

Coal

Nuclear

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average u s retail electricity prices 1970 2030 l.jpg
Average U.S. Retail Electricity Prices, 1970-2030 Three Fossil Technology Cases, 2006-2030

2005 cents per kilowatthour

13.0

Nominal Cents

1.7

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Natural gas consumption by sector 1990 2030 l.jpg
Natural Gas Consumption by Sector, 1990-2030 Three Fossil Technology Cases, 2006-2030

trillion cubic feet

History

Projections

Industrial

Electric Power

Residential

Commercial

Transportation

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Total natural gas consumption 1990 2030 l.jpg
Total Natural Gas Consumption, 1990-2030 Three Fossil Technology Cases, 2006-2030

trillion cubic feet

High Growth

Low Price

Reference

High Price

Low Growth

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide69 l.jpg
Natural Gas Consumption in the Electric Power and Other End-Use Sectors in Alternative Price Cases, 1990-2030

trillion cubic feet

Reference

Low Price

Other End-Use

High Price

Low Price

Reference

Electric Power

High Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide70 l.jpg
Natural Gas Consumption in the Electric Power and Other End-Use Sectors in Alternative Growth Cases, 1990-2030

trillion cubic feet

High Growth

Other End-Use

Reference

Low Growth

Reference

High Growth

Electric Power

Low Growth

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Lower 48 wellhead and henry hub spot market prices for natural gas 1990 2030 l.jpg
Lower 48 Wellhead and Henry Hub Spot Market Prices for Natural Gas, 1990-2030

2005 dollars per thousand cubic feet

Henry Hub Spot Market

Lower 48 Wellhead

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Lower 48 wellhead natural gas prices in five cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Lower 48 Wellhead Natural Gas Prices in Five Cases, Natural Gas, 1990-20301990-2030

2005 dollars per thousand cubic feet

Slow

Technology

High Price

Reference

Rapid Technology

Low Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Natural gas prices by end use sector 1990 2030 l.jpg
Natural Gas Prices by End-Use Sector, 1990-2030 Natural Gas, 1990-2030

2005 dollars per thousand cubic feet

CNG Vehicles

Residential

Commercial

Industrial

Wellhead

Electric Power

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average natural gas transmission and distribution margins in three cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Average Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Margins in Three Cases, 1990-2030

2005 dollars per thousand cubic feet

High Price

Reference

Low Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Natural gas production by source 1990 2030 l.jpg
Natural Gas Production by Source, 1990-2030 Three Cases, 1990-2030

trillion cubic feet

History

Projections

Lower 48 Non-Associated Unconventional

Lower 48 Non-Associated Conventional Onshore

Lower 48 Non-Associated Offshore

Lower 48

Associated-Dissolved

Alaska

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Total u s natural gas production in five cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Total U.S. Natural Gas Production in Five Cases, Three Cases, 1990-20301990-2030

trillion cubic feet

Rapid Technology

Low Price

Reference

Slow Technology

High Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Net u s imports of natural gas by source 1990 2030 l.jpg
Net U.S. Imports of Natural Gas by Source, 1990-2030 Three Cases, 1990-2030

trillion cubic feet

History

Projections

Overseas LNG

Canada

Mexico

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Net u s imports of liquefied natural gas in five cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Net U.S. Imports of Liquefied Natural Gas in Five Cases, 1990-2030

trillion cubic feet

History

Projections

Low Price

High Growth

Reference

Low Growth

High Price

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Domestic crude oil production by source 1990 2030 l.jpg
Domestic Crude Oil Production by Source, 1990-2030 1990-2030

million barrels per day

History

Projections

Total

Lower 48 Onshore

Deep Water Offshore

Alaska

Shallow Water Offshore

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Total u s crude oil production in three technology cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Total U.S. Crude Oil Production in Three Technology Cases, 1990-2030

million barrels per day

Rapid Technology

Slow Technology

Reference

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Total u s unconventional oil production in two price cases 2005 2030 l.jpg
Total U.S. Unconventional Oil Production in Two Price Cases, 2005-2030

thousand barrels per day

High Price

Reference

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Liquid fuels consumption by sector 1990 2030 l.jpg
Liquid Fuels Consumption by Sector, 1990-2030 2005-2030

million barrels per day

History

Projections

Transportation

Industrial

Electric Power

Buildings

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Net import share of u s liquid fuels consumption 1990 2030 l.jpg
Net Import Share of U.S. Liquid Fuels Consumption, 2005-20301990-2030

percent

Reference

Low Price

High Growth

Low Growth

High Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average u s delivered prices for motor gasoline 1990 2030 l.jpg
Average U.S. Delivered Prices for Motor Gasoline, 2005-20301990-2030

2005 dollars per gallon

High Price

Reference

Low Price

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Cellulose ethanol production 2005 2030 l.jpg
Cellulose Ethanol Production, 2005-2030 2005-2030

billion gallons per year

Lower Cost, High Energy Price

Lower Cost,

Reference Energy Price

High Energy Price

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Coal production by region 1970 2030 l.jpg
Coal Production by Region, 1970-2030 2005-2030

quadrillion Btu

History

Projections

Total

West

Appalachia

Interior

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide87 l.jpg
Distribution of Coal to Domestic Markets by Supply and Demand Regions, including Imports, 2005 and 2030

Demand East of the Mississippi River

Supply Region

Demand West of the Mississippi River

Supply Region

2005

2030

quadrillion Btu

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


U s coal production 2005 2015 and 2030 l.jpg
U.S. Coal Production, 2005, 2015, and 2030 Demand Regions, including Imports, 2005 and 2030

quadrillion Btu

Reference

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average minemouth price of coal by region 1990 2030 l.jpg
Average Minemouth Price of Coal by Region, Demand Regions, including Imports, 2005 and 20301990-2030

2005 dollars per million Btu

$1.84

U.S. Average,

Nominal Dollars

Appalachia

Interior

U.S. Average

$1.00

West

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Average delivered coal prices 1990 2030 l.jpg
Average Delivered Coal Prices, 1990-2030 Demand Regions, including Imports, 2005 and 2030

2005 dollars per million Btu

High Coal Cost

High Growth

Reference

High Price

Low Price

Low Growth

Low Coal Cost

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Slide91 l.jpg
Coal Consumption in the Industrial and Buildings Sectors and at Coal-to-Liquids Plants,2005, 2015, and 2030

quadrillion Btu

Other Industrial

Coal to Liquids

Coke Plants

Residential and

Commercial

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel 2005 and 2030 l.jpg
Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Fuel, at Coal-to-Liquids Plants,2005 and 2030

million metric tons

7,950

5,945

Total Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Petroleum

Natural

Gas

Coal

Electricity

Residential

Commercial

Industrial

Transportation

Electric Power

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Carbon dioxide emissions in three economic growth cases 1990 2030 l.jpg
Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Three Economic Growth Cases, 1990-2030

million metric tons

High Growth

Low Growth

Reference

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Sulfur dioxide emissions from electricity generation 1995 2030 l.jpg
Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Electricity Generation, 1990-20301995-2030

million short tons

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Nitrogen oxide emissions from electricity generation 1995 2030 l.jpg
Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Electricity Generation, 1990-20301995-2030

million short tons

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


Mercury emissions from electricity generation 1995 2030 l.jpg
Mercury Emissions from Electricity Generation, 1990-20301995-2030

short tons

History

Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2007


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