Some results of new SHS Transport questions
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Some results of new SHS Transport questions (2005 Q1-3) Frank Dixon and Mairi MacAskill, Transport Statistics branch, Scottish Executive. New (or reinstated) questions in 2005 covered in this talk.

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Some results of new SHS Transport questions (2005 Q1-3)

Frank Dixon and Mairi MacAskill,

Transport Statistics branch, Scottish Executive


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New (or reinstated) questions in 2005 covered in this talk

  • Views on increase in traffic on Scotland’s roads, motoring taxes and charges, and congestion

  • Traveline Scotland

  • Use of concessionary fare pass

  • Other purposes of car/van driver journey to work

  • Motorcycling

  • Injury road accidents

  • Non-users’ views of rail services


Concerned by increase in traffic of adults in each age group very or quite l.jpg
Concerned by increase in traffic?% of adults in each age-group (“very” or “quite”)


Concerns about increase in traffic 100 all adults who were quite or very concerned l.jpg
Concerns about increase in traffic100% = all adults who were “quite” or “very” concerned

  • 45% - busier roads / streets

  • 38% - congestion / increased travel times

  • 33% - air pollution

  • 19% - more accidents

  • 17% - carbon emissions / global warming / environment

  • 16% - more dangerous for pedestrians / cyclists / children

  • 10% - parking problems

  • 9% - health problems (e.g. respiratory illness)

  • other reasons included “effect on countryside / landscape”, “more/bigger lorries”, “noise”, and “makes me/others angry/irritable”. However (apart from an “other” category) each was given by at most 7% of the “concerned” people.


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How concerns vary between sub-groups

In the slides which follow:

  • 100% = everyone in the specified sub-group who said that they were either “very concerned” or “quite concerned” about the increase in traffic on Scotland’s roads

  • e.g. the left-hand side of the next slide shows that, of the 16-19 year olds who expressed concern about the increase in traffic on the roads, when asked what concerned them about traffic growth in Scotland:

    • 47% said “air pollution”

    • 33% said “busier roads / streets”

    • 26% said “congestion / increased travel times”

    • 25% said “more accidents”


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Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by age-group


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Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by ann. net h’hold inc.


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Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by freq. of driving


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Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by urban / rural


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Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by Depriv. Ind. Quint.


Some other findings among those concerned by the increase in traffic on scotland s road concern l.jpg
Some other findings: among those concerned by the increase in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern …

  • about “carbon emissions / global warming / environment” falls from 23-25% of 16-29 y.o. to 5-8% of 70+ y.o.

  • about “effect on countryside / landscape” rises from 6% in urban areas to 10-14% in rural areas

  • about “congestion …” higher among men (44%) than women (33%)

  • higher among women than men for “air pollution” (35% vs. 30%), “more dangerous for pedestrians/…” (19% vs. 13%) and “more accidents” (22% vs. 16%)

  • about “more/bigger lorries” up from 1-2% of 16-29 y.o. to 7-11% of 70+ y.o.

  • about “congestion” higher among self-employed or employed full-time or self-employed (47-50%) than among those permanently retired (30%) or looking after home or family (25%)

  • about “carbon emissions / global warming / environment” rises from 13% in “most deprived 20%” areas to 21% in “least deprived 20%” areas.


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“Other” reasons in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern

  • 20% of those who expressed concern gave a reason which wasn’t covered by the interviewers’ lists

  • Interviewers typed in brief descriptions of such reasons

  • SHS contractors looked at these, and identified the most-often quoted ones

  • New codes added with effect from January 2006:

    • Road condition deterioration

    • Effects on business costs

    • Deters tourists


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Views on motoring taxes and charges in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of adults in each age group


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Views on motoring taxes and charges in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of adults who gave each reason – by sex


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Views on motoring taxes and charges in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of adults who gave each reason – by car availability


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Traffic congestion in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern

  • Asked of those who drive a car/van at least once a week:

    • How often one drives in congested traffic

    • If ever drives in congested traffic; impact of this and views on what should be done about congestion


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Frequency of driving in congested traffic in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of adults, including non-drivers


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What impacts does congestion have? in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern- % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic

  • 38% - Longer journey times

  • 23% - Stress

  • 18% - Makes me angry/irritable

  • 10% - Uncertainty/unreliable journey times

  • 8 % - Get home later than would like to

  • 31% said that congestion has no impact on them


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Impacts of congestion in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of “drivers in congested traffic” in each age group


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What should be done about congestion? in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern- % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic

  • 33% - Improve public transport services

  • 16% - Public transport should be cheaper

  • 13% - Build more roads

  • 11% - Add lanes to existing roads

  • 9% - Move goods by rail/fewer lorries on road

  • 25% said that they don’t know what should be done about congestion

  • 27% gave “other” suggestions


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What should be done about congestion? in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of adults who ever drove in congested traffic


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New options added in January 2006 in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern

  • Encourage car sharing

  • Provide more park & ride facilities

  • Ban cars from town centres

  • Introduce bypass


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Traveline – use and awareness in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of adults in each age group


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Traveline in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern

  • 16.3% had heard of Traveline

  • 4.5% had ever used it

  • Of those that had used it, 18% had used it in the past two weeks


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Traveline – SHS also asks in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern

  • If person has heard of it, how they heard of it

  • If person has used it, how they prefer to use it

  • If person has heard of it, whether would use certain new means of access

  • If person has used it – has it led to a change from “car” to “public transport”?

    • If so, how many times in the past two weeks


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Concessionary travel pass – frequency of use - in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern% of pass holders


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Use of concessionary fare pass in traffic on Scotland’s road, concerncumulative % of all adults – by sex


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Use of concessionary fare pass in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern cumulative % of all adults – driving licence possession


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Use of concessionary fare pass in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern cumulative % of all adults aged 60+ - by income


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Car/van drivers to work/education – what else they usually do in the course of their journeys(100% = all who drive car/van to work/education)

  • 74% said “nothing done as part of journey to work / education”

  • 11% take children to school

  • 3% take spouse/partner to work / education

  • 4% take friends / family to work / education

  • 4% buy newspaper / milk etc for work

  • 4% go shopping / other errands

  • 3% do “other things”


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Car/van drivers to work … %s who usually take children to school en route(100% = all in sub-group who drive car/van to work/ed.)

  • 11% overall

  • 6% of men; 17% of women

  • 18% of 30-39 year olds; 15% of 40-49 year olds

  • 13% of those from “£30-40,000 p.a.” households; 16% of those from “over £40,000” households

  • 15% for “large urban areas”; 21% for “small ‘remote’ towns” (NB: for the latter, underlying n = 87 )


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Ridden motorcycle in past 12 months? school en route%s by age-group


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Main purposes for which ridden motorcycle school en route100% = all motorcyclists

  • 55% - day trip / recreational journey

  • 29% - travel to/from work

  • 26% - visiting friends and relatives

  • 14% - other personal business

  • 10% - shopping

  • 8% - entertainment / other public activities

  • 7% - coming/going on holiday

  • 7% - participating in sport

  • etc

  • 14% - other unspecified type of journey


Single main purpose for which ridden motorcycle 100 all motorcyclists l.jpg
Single main purpose for which ridden motorcycle school en route100% = all motorcyclists

  • 44% - day trip / recreational journey

  • 20% - travel to/from work

  • 6% - visiting friends and relatives

  • 5% - other personal business

  • 4% - participating in sport

  • 3% - entertainment / other public activities

  • 2% - coming/going on holiday

  • 2% - shopping

  • etc

  • 11% - other unspecified type of journey


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SHS also asks school en route

  • Engine size

  • Estimated mileage in past 12 months

  • How long (in total) person has ridden motorcycles

  • Since started m/cycling, any periods of >1 year in which not motorcycled?

  • If so, how long since most recent one?


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Injury road accidents school en route

  • 1.3 % of adults had been injured in a road accident in the past year

  • if so, SHS also asks:

    • when accident happened (month and year)

    • what type of road user

      • 63% driver

      • 22% passenger

      • 9% pedestrian

      • 5% cyclist

      • 2% other)

    • were the Police informed (65% said “yes”)


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Views on rail services school en route % of each sub-group who agree (“strongly” or “tend to”)


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SHS also asks school en route(not “new in 2005”)

  • Frequency of use of train services

  • Users’ views of several other aspects of train services

  • Frequency of use of bus services

  • Users’ views of aspects of bus services

  • Infrequent / non-users’ reasons for not using buses more often

  • Frequency of use of evening bus and train services; perception of safety from crime


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Other new / reinstated / amended questions in 2005 and 2006 school en route

  • Community transport (asked Q1-Q2 05):

    • whether used;

    • if so, for what purpose; and what was the main purpose

  • Expenditure on public transport fares in past seven days

  • Additional pre-coded answers:

    • reasons for change of mode of travel to work

    • means of planning car/van and public transport journeys

    • reasons why public transport journeys were delayed

  • Minor changes with effect from 2006

    • additional pre-coded answers for “concern about traffic growth” and “what should be done about congestion”

    • Concessionary fare pass questions – reword for new arrangements from 1 April 06


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Any questions ? school en route


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Annex school en route

Where to find

SHS Transport results


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Publication of SHS Transport results school en route

  • Transport Statistics bulletins

  • Other Transport Statistics publications

  • Available from

    • Blackwell’s Bookshop

    • www.scotland.gov.uk/transtat/latest

  • Also included in SHS publications


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Household Transport school en route

Main results for Scotland (apart from Travel Diary)

  • Car availability, possession of driving licences and frequency of driving

  • Frequency of use of local bus and train services

  • Frequency of walking and cycling, as means of transport and for pleasure or to keep fit

  • Usual means of travel to work and travel to school

  • Other topics, some of which may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2004” edition

    • How drivers make particular journeys, and could they use other means of transport

    • Methods of obtaining journey planning information

    • Frequency of evening travel by bus and by train, and perceptions of safety then

    • Place of work and working pattern

    • Means of travel to work a year ago, and reasons for changes

    • Reasons for use of means of travel to school, whether those who go by car could use public transport, and reasons why they don’t/can’t

    • Adults with limited mobility, and with Blue Badges – transport-related activities which they would find difficult to manage on their own


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Transport across Scotland school en route

main results for Council areas(apart from Travel Diary)

biennial

  • Car availability, driving licences and frequency of driving

  • Frequency of walking and cycling

  • Availability and frequency of bus services

  • Views on the convenience of public transport

  • Travel to work

  • Travel to school

  • Other topics, may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2003/2004”

    • Perception of safety from crime when travelling in the evening

    • Could car/van commuters use public transport

    • Where commuters usually park


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SHS Travel Diary results school en route

journeys (over ¼ mile / 5 mins walk) reported by adults

  • Some results for individual Council areas and/or Council groups

  • Purpose of journey

  • Main mode of transport

  • Distance travelled, and duration of journey

  • Time of day, and day of the week, of travel

  • Car occupancy

  • Other topics, may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2003” one:

    • Journey origins and destinations

    • Journeys into and within Edinburgh and Glasgow

    • Estimated trip rates


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Other Transport Statistics publications school en route

  • Bus and Coach Statistics

    • more detailed analysis of bus-related questions – including:

      • Availability and frequency of bus services

      • Views on the quality of public transport

      • Frequency of use of bus services

      • Reasons for not using bus services more often

      • Travel to work

      • Frequency of evening travel by bus, and perception of safety from crime

      • Other topics, some of which vary from edition to edition

  • Scottish Transport Statisticscontains some “key” results:

    • Car availability and driving licences (chapter 1)

    • Bus passengers’ views (chapter 2)

    • Drivers’ experience of congestion (chapter 6)

    • Freq. of driving, walking and cycling; travel to work and school (chapter 12)


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Which publication? school en routeWhich edition?

An Annex inHousehold Transport:

  • lists all (non-Travel Diary) Transport topics

  • shows in which years they were included in the SHS questionnaire

  • identifies which editions of Household Transport, Transport across Scotland and Bus and Coach Statistics analyse them

    Next edition of SHS Travel Diary results (due 20th March) will list topics covered in previous editions


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SHS publications which include Transport results school en route

  • SHS Annual Report

    • Frequency of travelling by bus and train in the evening, and perceptions of safety from crime (chapter 4)

    • Travel to work or adults’ education (chapter 5)

    • Travel to school (chapter 5)

    • Cars available to the household (chapter 6)

    • Convenience of public transport, and other services (chapter 7)

  • Topic Reports

    • Accessibility and Transport

    • Mode Choice

    • Long-distance Commuting (forthcoming)


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