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Eyewitness Identification. Georgia Public Safety Training Center 1000 Indian Springs Drive Forsyth, GA 31029. Eyewitness Identification. House Resolution 1071, urging all Law enforcement agencies to adopt the best practices of eye witness Identification by departmental policy.

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Eyewitness Identification

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Eyewitness Identification

Georgia Public Safety Training Center

1000 Indian Springs Drive

Forsyth, GA 31029


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Eyewitness Identification

House Resolution 1071, urging all

Law enforcement agencies to adopt

the best practices of eye witness Identification

by departmental policy


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Eyewitness Identification

A Resolution


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TERMS

PEACE OFFICER


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TERMS

IN-SERVICE


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TERMS

SUSPECT


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TERMS

ADMINISTRATOR


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TERMS

NEUTRAL INDEPENDENT ADMINISTRATOR


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TERMS

SIMULTANEOUS IDENTIFICATION


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TERMS

SEQUENTIAL IDENTIFICATION


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TERMS

SHOWUP


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TERMS

PHYSICAL LINEUP


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TERMS

PHOTOGRAPHIC LINEUP


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TERMS

FILLER


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Georgia Peace Officers

OCGA Title 35-8-9

Basic course of instruction


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Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Chapter 6, Pre-Trial Identification


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Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014


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Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-4 Lineups (Physical Lineup)


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Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-4 Lineups (Physical Lineup)


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Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-5 Showups


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Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014


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Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-6 Picture Identification (Photographic Lineup)


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Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014


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Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-7 Presence of counsel


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Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014


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Interviewing Eyewitnesses

INTERVIEWING


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Interviewing Eyewitnesses

INTERVIEWING


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Eyewitness Identification

Preparation

Presentation

Preservation


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Eyewitness Identification

Preparation & Presentation

Showups


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Eyewitness Identification

Preparation

Showups


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Eyewitness Identification

Presentation

Showups


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Eyewitness Identification

Preservation

Showups


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Eyewitness Identification

Preservation

Showups


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Eyewitness Identification

Preparation

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Legal considerations


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Include only one suspect in each identification procedure


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Include at least five fillers


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Select fillers who generally fit the witness’s description of the perpetrator.


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Complete uniformity of features in not required


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Place suspects in different positions in each lineup.


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

When showing a new suspect, avoid reusing fillers in lineups shown to the same witness


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Ensure that no writings are markings concerning previous arrest (s) will be visible to the witness


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

View lineup once completed to ensure that the suspect does not unduly stand out.


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PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Preserve the presentation order


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Eyewitness Identification

Presentation

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


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Eyewitness Identification

Neutral Independent Administrator


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Eyewitness Identification

Presentation

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Prior to beginning a physical lineup, the administrator should instruct all those present not to suggest in any way the position or identity of he suspect in the lineup

3/10/2014


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that he/she will be asked to view a group of individuals


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that he/she does not have to make an identification, and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that it is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that the individuals depicted in the physical lineup may not appear exactly as the witness observed on the date of the crime because features such as hairstyles and facial hair are subject to change


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that the perpetrator may or may not be among those shown in the physical lineup


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that regardless of whether an identification is made, law enforcement will continue to investigate the crime


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Confirm that the witness understands the lineup procedure


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness not to discuss the identification procedure or its results with other witnesses involved in the case and discourage contact with the media


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PRESENTATION

ADVISORY STATEMENT

Physical lineup


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ADVISORY STATEMENT

“In a moment I am going to show you a group of individuals. This group of individuals may or may not contain the person who committed the crime now being investigated. It is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties. Whether or not you make an identification, the investigation will continue. Now, keep in mind that hair styles, beards, and mustaches may be easily changed. Pay no attention to any markings or number that may appear on or near the individual. When you have looked at all the individuals, tell me whether or not you see the person who committed the crime. You do not have to make an identification and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made. Do not tell other witnesses that you have or have not identified anyone. Do you understand?”

3/10/2014


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

If an identification is made, advise the witness to give feedback in his/her own words regarding his/her level of confidence at the time of the identification


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Eyewitness Identification

Simultaneous v Sequential


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Simultaneous


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Simultaneous

Presenting the Individuals


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Sequential


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PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Sequential

Presenting the Individuals


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that he/she will be asked to view a group of photographs


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that he/she does not have to make an identification, and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that it is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that the individuals depicted in the physical lineup may not appear exactly as the witness observed on the date of the crime because features such as hairstyles and facial hair are subject to change


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that the perpetrator may or may not be among those shown in the photograph lineup


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that regardless of whether an identification is made, law enforcement will continue to investigate the crime


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Confirm that the witness understands the lineup procedure


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness not to discuss the identification procedure or its results with other witnesses involved in the case and discourage contact with the media


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PRESENTATION

ADVISORY STATEMENT

Photograph lineup


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ADVISORY STATEMENT

“In a moment I am going to show you a group of individuals. This group of individuals may or may not contain the person who committed the crime now being investigated. It is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties. Whether or not you make an identification, the investigation will continue. Now, keep in mind that hair styles, beards, and mustaches may be easily changed. Pay no attention to any markings or number that may appear on or near the individual. When you have looked at all the individuals, tell me whether or not you see the person who committed the crime. You do not have to make an identification and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made. Do not tell other witnesses that you have or have not identified anyone. Do you understand?”

3/10/2014


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PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

If an identification is made, advise the witness to give feedback in his/her own words regarding his/her level of confidence at the time of the identification


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PRESENTATION

Photographic lineups

Simultaneous


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PRESENTATION

Photographic lineups

Sequential


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PRESENTATION

Photographic lineups

Sequential

Presenting the photographs


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Eyewitness Identification

Preservation

Showups

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


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PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Document both identification and non-identification results including the witness’s own words regarding how sure he/she is.


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PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Ensure results are signed and dated by the witness


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PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Ensure that no materials indicating previous identification results are visible to the witness


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PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Ensure that the witness does not write on or mark materials that will be used in other identification procedures


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PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Document any identification results and witness’s statement of certainty


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PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Document the lineup

Identification of lineup participants and sources used

Names of all persons present

Date and time the procedure was conducted


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PRESERVATION

PHYSICAL LINEUPS

Documenting the participants


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PRESERVATION

Participant Forms

Physical Lineup

Photographic Lineup


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PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Document the lineup by photo or video whenever possible


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PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Advise the witness not to discuss the identification procedure or its results with other witnesses involved in the case and discourage contact with the media


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PRESERVATION

Physical Lineup ID

Photographic Lineup ID


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PRESERVATION

FOLLOW UP


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AGENCY POLICY

GACP Model Policy


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IDENTIFICATION DISPLAY FOLDER

Identification

Display

Folder

3/10/2014


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