Eyewitness identification
Download
1 / 93

011 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 196 Views
  • Updated On :

Eyewitness Identification. Georgia Public Safety Training Center 1000 Indian Springs Drive Forsyth, GA 31029. Eyewitness Identification. House Resolution 1071, urging all Law enforcement agencies to adopt the best practices of eye witness Identification by departmental policy.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '011' - ryanadan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Eyewitness identification l.jpg

Eyewitness Identification

Georgia Public Safety Training Center

1000 Indian Springs Drive

Forsyth, GA 31029


Eyewitness identification2 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

House Resolution 1071, urging all

Law enforcement agencies to adopt

the best practices of eye witness Identification

by departmental policy



Terms l.jpg
TERMS

PEACE OFFICER


Terms5 l.jpg
TERMS

IN-SERVICE


Terms6 l.jpg
TERMS

SUSPECT


Terms7 l.jpg
TERMS

ADMINISTRATOR


Terms8 l.jpg
TERMS

NEUTRAL INDEPENDENT ADMINISTRATOR


Terms9 l.jpg
TERMS

SIMULTANEOUS IDENTIFICATION


Terms10 l.jpg
TERMS

SEQUENTIAL IDENTIFICATION


Terms11 l.jpg
TERMS

SHOWUP


Terms12 l.jpg
TERMS

PHYSICAL LINEUP


Terms13 l.jpg
TERMS

PHOTOGRAPHIC LINEUP


Terms14 l.jpg
TERMS

FILLER


Georgia peace officers l.jpg
Georgia Peace Officers

OCGA Title 35-8-9

Basic course of instruction


Georgia law enforcement handbook criminal law procedure l.jpg
Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Chapter 6, Pre-Trial Identification


Eyewitness identification17 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014


Georgia law enforcement handbook criminal law procedure18 l.jpg
Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-4 Lineups (Physical Lineup)


Georgia law enforcement handbook criminal law procedure19 l.jpg
Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-4 Lineups (Physical Lineup)


Georgia law enforcement handbook criminal law procedure20 l.jpg
Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-5 Showups


Eyewitness identification21 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014


Georgia law enforcement handbook criminal law procedure22 l.jpg
Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-6 Picture Identification (Photographic Lineup)


Eyewitness identification23 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014


Georgia law enforcement handbook criminal law procedure24 l.jpg
Georgia Law Enforcement HandbookCriminal Law & Procedure

Pre-Trial Identification

Chapter 6-7 Presence of counsel


Eyewitness identification25 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

The United States

Supreme Courts says:

3/10/2014




Eyewitness identification28 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Preparation

Presentation

Preservation


Eyewitness identification29 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Preparation & Presentation

Showups


Eyewitness identification30 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Preparation

Showups


Eyewitness identification31 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Presentation

Showups


Eyewitness identification32 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Preservation

Showups


Eyewitness identification33 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Preservation

Showups


Eyewitness identification34 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Preparation

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


Preparation l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Legal considerations


Preparation36 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Include only one suspect in each identification procedure


Preparation37 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Include at least five fillers


Preparation38 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Select fillers who generally fit the witness’s description of the perpetrator.


Preparation39 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Complete uniformity of features in not required


Preparation40 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Place suspects in different positions in each lineup.


Preparation41 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

When showing a new suspect, avoid reusing fillers in lineups shown to the same witness


Preparation42 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Ensure that no writings are markings concerning previous arrest (s) will be visible to the witness


Preparation43 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

View lineup once completed to ensure that the suspect does not unduly stand out.


Preparation44 l.jpg
PREPARATION

Composing Lineups

Preserve the presentation order


Eyewitness identification45 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Presentation

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


Eyewitness identification46 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Neutral Independent Administrator


Eyewitness identification47 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Presentation

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


Presentation l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Prior to beginning a physical lineup, the administrator should instruct all those present not to suggest in any way the position or identity of he suspect in the lineup

3/10/2014


Presentation49 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that he/she will be asked to view a group of individuals


Presentation50 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that he/she does not have to make an identification, and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made


Presentation51 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that it is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties


Presentation52 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that the individuals depicted in the physical lineup may not appear exactly as the witness observed on the date of the crime because features such as hairstyles and facial hair are subject to change


Presentation53 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that the perpetrator may or may not be among those shown in the physical lineup


Presentation54 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness that regardless of whether an identification is made, law enforcement will continue to investigate the crime


Presentation55 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Confirm that the witness understands the lineup procedure


Presentation56 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Advise the witness not to discuss the identification procedure or its results with other witnesses involved in the case and discourage contact with the media


Presentation57 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

ADVISORY STATEMENT

Physical lineup


Advisory statement l.jpg
ADVISORY STATEMENT

“In a moment I am going to show you a group of individuals. This group of individuals may or may not contain the person who committed the crime now being investigated. It is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties. Whether or not you make an identification, the investigation will continue. Now, keep in mind that hair styles, beards, and mustaches may be easily changed. Pay no attention to any markings or number that may appear on or near the individual. When you have looked at all the individuals, tell me whether or not you see the person who committed the crime. You do not have to make an identification and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made. Do not tell other witnesses that you have or have not identified anyone. Do you understand?”

3/10/2014


Presentation59 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

If an identification is made, advise the witness to give feedback in his/her own words regarding his/her level of confidence at the time of the identification


Eyewitness identification60 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Simultaneous v Sequential


Presentation61 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Simultaneous


Presentation62 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Simultaneous

Presenting the Individuals


Presentation63 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Sequential


Presentation64 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Physical lineups

Sequential

Presenting the Individuals


Presentation65 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that he/she will be asked to view a group of photographs


Presentation66 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that he/she does not have to make an identification, and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made


Presentation67 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that it is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties


Presentation68 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that the individuals depicted in the physical lineup may not appear exactly as the witness observed on the date of the crime because features such as hairstyles and facial hair are subject to change


Presentation69 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that the perpetrator may or may not be among those shown in the photograph lineup


Presentation70 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness that regardless of whether an identification is made, law enforcement will continue to investigate the crime


Presentation71 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Confirm that the witness understands the lineup procedure


Presentation72 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

Advise the witness not to discuss the identification procedure or its results with other witnesses involved in the case and discourage contact with the media


Presentation73 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

ADVISORY STATEMENT

Photograph lineup


Advisory statement74 l.jpg
ADVISORY STATEMENT

“In a moment I am going to show you a group of individuals. This group of individuals may or may not contain the person who committed the crime now being investigated. It is just as important to clear innocent persons from suspicion as to identify guilty parties. Whether or not you make an identification, the investigation will continue. Now, keep in mind that hair styles, beards, and mustaches may be easily changed. Pay no attention to any markings or number that may appear on or near the individual. When you have looked at all the individuals, tell me whether or not you see the person who committed the crime. You do not have to make an identification and the identification procedure is important to the investigation whether or not an identification is made. Do not tell other witnesses that you have or have not identified anyone. Do you understand?”

3/10/2014


Presentation75 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photograph lineups

If an identification is made, advise the witness to give feedback in his/her own words regarding his/her level of confidence at the time of the identification


Presentation76 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photographic lineups

Simultaneous


Presentation77 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photographic lineups

Sequential


Presentation78 l.jpg
PRESENTATION

Photographic lineups

Sequential

Presenting the photographs


Eyewitness identification79 l.jpg
Eyewitness Identification

Preservation

Showups

Physical lineups

Photographic lineups


Preservation l.jpg
PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Document both identification and non-identification results including the witness’s own words regarding how sure he/she is.


Preservation81 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Ensure results are signed and dated by the witness


Preservation82 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Ensure that no materials indicating previous identification results are visible to the witness


Preservation83 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

Documenting Identification Results

Ensure that the witness does not write on or mark materials that will be used in other identification procedures


Preservation84 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Document any identification results and witness’s statement of certainty


Preservation85 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Document the lineup

Identification of lineup participants and sources used

Names of all persons present

Date and time the procedure was conducted


Preservation86 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

PHYSICAL LINEUPS

Documenting the participants


Preservation87 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

Participant Forms

Physical Lineup

Photographic Lineup


Preservation88 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Document the lineup by photo or video whenever possible


Preservation89 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

LINEUPS

Advise the witness not to discuss the identification procedure or its results with other witnesses involved in the case and discourage contact with the media


Preservation90 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

Physical Lineup ID

Photographic Lineup ID


Preservation91 l.jpg
PRESERVATION

FOLLOW UP


Agency policy l.jpg
AGENCY POLICY

GACP Model Policy


Identification display folder l.jpg
IDENTIFICATION DISPLAY FOLDER

Identification

Display

Folder

3/10/2014


ad