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The Influence of Scholarships on the Recruitment of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Majors to Teach in High Needs Settings. Pey-Yan Liou Allison Kirchhoff Frances Lawrenz Christina Madsen. University of Minnesota. Acknowledgement:

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Pey yan liou allison kirchhoff frances lawrenz christina madsen

The Influence of Scholarships on the Recruitment of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Majors to Teach in High Needs Settings

Pey-Yan Liou

Allison Kirchhoff

Frances Lawrenz

Christina Madsen

University of Minnesota

Acknowledgement:

This project was funded by National Science Foundation (Grant#REC0514884)


Presentation outline
Presentation Outline (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Majors to Teach in High Needs Settings

  • Introduction

  • Context

    • Noyce Scholarship Program

    • STEM majors’ perceptions of the influence of the scholarship

  • Method

  • Results

  • Discussion


Introduction
Introduction (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Majors to Teach in High Needs Settings

  • Positive relationship between teacher quality in science and math education and student achievement

  • Shortage of qualified teachers in high needs areas

  • Strategies employed by federal and state agencies as well as teacher preparation institutions to recruit and retain qualified teachers:

    ― alternative certification routes

    ― financial incentives

    *National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958

    *27 states have some loan forgiveness or scholarship program(s) for

    prospective teachers (Jerald and Boser, 1999)

     Little research on the effects of scholarships, especially for high needs settings


Context
Context (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Majors to Teach in High Needs Settings

  • The National Science Foundation’s Noyce Scholarship Program (NSP) attempts to recruit qualified science and math teachers to high needs settings through financial incentives

    • Scholars commit to two years of teaching in high needs settings for each year of scholarship support

  • Research goal: We are interested in scholars perceptions of the influence of the NSP Scholarship


Noyce scholarship programs overview
Noyce Scholarship Programs Overview (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Majors to Teach in High Needs Settings

  • Generally teacher preparation programs use some screening criteria to select Noyce scholars:

    • GPA (98.5%)

    • personal statement (97%)

    • letters of recommendation (91%)

    • upper level undergraduate status in science or mathematics major (82%)

    • structured interviews (73%)

    • bachelor’s degree in the candidate’s subject area (73%)

    • and previous work experience (69%)

  • Most programs provide opportunities for interactions with children from different cultures such as mentoring or tutoring, coursework relating to diverse cultures, and specific instruction about practicing in high needs schools.


High needs or diversity opportunities in programs
High Needs or Diversity Opportunities in Programs (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Majors to Teach in High Needs Settings


Principal investigators perceptions about the influence of the scholarship n 66
Principal Investigators Perceptions about the Influence of the Scholarship(N=66)

  • Principal investigators=faculty in teacher preparation programs responsible for the operation of the NSP at their school

  • Noyce funding greatly increased their ability to recruit a variety of students

  • Noyce funding had a effect on relationships with community, districts, STEM faculty, and industry


  • Survey
    Survey the Scholarship(N=66)

    • Evaluation Scholar Survey administered online during the summer of 2007. http://www2.cehd.umn.edu/EdPsy/NoyceSurvey/NoyceScholar/surveySample.asp

    • Participants were asked to respond to a variety of items regarding their perceptions of and experiences with NSP

      (a) project overview

      (b) program characteristics and organization

      (c) teaching environment and experience

      (d) the decision to become a teacher

      (e) background and experience

      (f) overall experience


    Sample n 555
    Sample (n=555) the Scholarship(N=66)

    • Scholars had strong content backgrounds and reported taking several mathematics and science classes.

      ―about 50% of all scholars indicated taking 10 to 20 STEM courses

      ― majority of scholars specified that they had taken 1 to 8 teaching

      methods courses


    Outcome variable
    Outcome Variable the Scholarship(N=66)

    “How influential is the Noyce Scholarship money in your commitment to:”

    (a) become a teacher

    (b) complete the certification program

    (c) take a teaching job

    (d) teach in a high needs school

    (e) remain teaching in a high needs school for the full term of your commitment

    (f) remain teaching in a high needs school beyond the full term of your commitment

    The four-point scale:

    1) not at all influential, 2) not very influential, 3) somewhat influential and 4) very influential


    Analyses
    Analyses the Scholarship(N=66)

    • Hierarchical cluster analysis (performed with SPSS 16.0)

      ― Technique which statistically groups similar items together. Items included in the same cluster are considered more closely related to each other than items in other clusters

    • Confirmatory factor analysis (performed with AMOS 16)

      ― CFA was then performed to confirm the theories and provide additional data regarding patterns that emerged


    Dendogram from hca
    Dendogram from HCA the Scholarship(N=66)


    Confirmatory factor analysis
    Confirmatory Factor Analysis the Scholarship(N=66)


    Conclusion future research
    Conclusion & Future Research the Scholarship(N=66)

    • We found two underlying factors (Underlying constructs) of effects of the NSP:

      ―(1) scholars’ commitments to teach in high needs settings

      ―(2) scholars’ commitments to finish their teacher preparation program

    • More data need to be collected to determine whether these teachers actually stay in high needs schools beyond their initial commitments (long-term retention) because it is beyond the NSP’s control

    • Recruitment strategies need to be considered when giving this kind of scholarship

      • Strategies should seek to determine and award those most committed to high needs settings


    Implications
    Implications the Scholarship(N=66)

    • Recruitment: scholarship application procedures need to be sensitive to recruiting and awarding candidates committed to teaching in high needs settings

      • Those with lower commitment levels may not stay in high needs settings beyond NSP requirements

  • Teacher preparation:provide extensive and positive high needs experiences

    • Scholars who may not be very committed to high needs settings may be positively influenced by such experiences and remain in high needs settings longer


  • Questions
    Questions the Scholarship(N=66)

    Thank you!


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