Georgia s judicial branch
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Georgia’s Judicial Branch. The purpose of rules is to regulate how we interact with one another and manage conflict Interpret the state constitution Protect legal rights of citizens Enforce the laws of the state.

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Georgia’s Judicial Branch

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Georgia s judicial branch

Georgia’s Judicial Branch


Georgia s judicial branch

The purpose of rules is to regulate how we interact with one another and manage conflict

Interpret the state constitution

Protect legal rights of citizens

Enforce the laws of the state


Georgia s judicial branch

Originally the court was just a room where a person went to seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute


State judicial branch

State Judicial Branch

Made up of 7different levels of courts

A.

appellate-level courts (handle appeals from lower courts)

supreme court

court of appeals

B. trial-level courts

1. superior3. juvenile5. magistrate

2. state4. probate

The courts interpret the laws made by the legislative branch

Each state has its own court system


Appellate courts

Appellate Courts

Includes:

Supreme Court of Georgia

highest court in Georgia

7 justices

no jury

Court of Appeals

12 judges

no jury


Georgia s judicial branch

Court of Appeals and Superior Courts

do not hold trials-

they review decisions made by trial courts to determine if the decisions were fair.


Courts at the local level

Courts at the local level

Municipal and special courts


Supreme court highest court in georgia

Supreme CourtHighest court in Georgia

7 supreme court judges

elected by popular vote

serve 6 year term

Judges elect a chief justice among themselves

If position becomes open governor can appoint one


Supreme court

Supreme Court

Review cases:

  • titles to land

  • Wills

  • Divorce

  • Alimony

  • Death penalty

    They have the final authority in matters of law for the state


Trial courts

Trial Courts


Georgia s judicial branch

Magistrate courts (elected or appointed)

small claims ($15,00), bad checks, minor arrest,

search warrants, county ordinances violations, no jury

Probate Courts (elected)

wills, marriages, appointment of guardians, may have a

jury

Juvenile courts (appointed by superior court judges)

delinquent children under 17

deprived children under 18, juvenile traffic cases

no jury

State courts (elected)

misdemeanor violations, traffic and civil cases

judge and jury

Superior courts (elected)

any civil or criminal case, felonies, juvenile serious cases, titles to land , judge and jury


Quick quiz

Quick quiz

  • Which is the highest court in Georgia?

    a. State court b. Superior Court

    c. Supreme Court

    2. Which court does not have a jury

    a. State court c. Superior court

    b. Juvenile court

    3.Which court can hear almost any civil or criminal case?

    a. Probate court c. Magistrate court

    b. Superior court


Quick quiz1

Quick quiz

4. Which court has 12 judges?

a. Supreme court

b. Juvenile court

c. Court of appeals

5. If you got a bad check from someone, which court would help you?

a. Magistrate court

b. Supreme court

c. Juvenile court


Quick quiz2

Quick quiz

6. Which court handles wills and other administrative matters?

a. Magistrate court

b. State court

c. Probate court

7. A misdemeanor like trespassing would be handled by which court?

a. Court of Appeals

b. Probate court

c. State court


Criminal and civil

Criminal and Civil

Criminal

Person has committed a crime

Divided into 2 groups


Civil cases

Civil Cases

Courts settle disputes between two or more persons or groups

Citizenship, property rights, contract, marriages, divorce, child custody, inheritance


Quick quiz3

Quick Quiz

Quick Quiz

  • Who has the burden of proof in a criminal case?

    a. accused

    b. defendant

    c. plaintiff

    d. state


Quick quiz4

Quick Quiz

  • Who has the burden of proof in a civil case?

    a. accused

    b. Defendant

    c. Plaintiff

    d. state


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