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Design Factors/Site Plan. Orientation. Building should be positioned to maximize desirable features and minimize negative aspects Energy Orientation Solar Orientation Room/Outdoor Area Locations Overhang and Baffle Protection Land/Shelter Wind Control. Energy Orientation.

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Presentation Transcript

Orientation
Orientation

  • Building should be positioned to maximize desirable features and minimize negative aspects

    • Energy Orientation

    • Solar Orientation

    • Room/Outdoor Area Locations

    • Overhang and Baffle Protection

    • Land/Shelter

    • Wind Control


Energy orientation
Energy Orientation

  • Local resources and climate have an affect on energy use – heating, cooling, and lighting

    • Native Americans building houses under the overhang of cliffs

      • Provided shade from the summer sun and protection from winter wind


Energy orientation1
Energy Orientation

  • Fossil fuels are finite so energy efficient principles need to be used

    • Combustion of natural materials such as reclaimed wasted, wood or other organic materials

    • Require special equipment to heat/cool the home


Solar designs
Solar designs

  • Active solar designs – Use of mechanical/electrical tools or devices to control the sun’s energy

  • Passive solar designs – Use of the sun’s power without mechanical/electrical tools or devices. Use design features and orientation of a building to gain control of the sun’s energy


Solar orientation
Solar Orientation

  • Sunlight angle changes from summer to winter as the earth revolves around the sun

    • Northern Hemisphere: South and West sides of a structure are warmer than the North and East sides, South being the warmest

      • Building should absorb southern heat in the winter and repel in the summer, also plan to provide natural sunlight


Floor plans
Floor plans

  • Open floor plans and tall ceilings create cooler temperatures and

    increased ventilation

  • Closed floor plans and low

    ceilings typically increase

    temperatures


Room layout
Room layout

  • The function of the room as well as the season/time of day the room will be used should be considered when the layout is determined

  • Typically the dining room and kitchen should get sunlight early in the morning and then the living room should have light by afternoon


Room layout1
Room layout

  • Kitchen and dining room on the south or east side of the house

  • Living room areas are placed on the south or west, receive late day rays of the sun

  • Sleeping area tends to be located on the North side of the building, provides greatest darkness in morning/evening and is also the coolest side


Overhangs baffles shields
Overhangs/baffles(shields)

  • Thought out to allow the max amount of sunlight and heat to enter the inside of a building during winter, opposite for summer

  • Edge of the overhang should be related to the height of the window


Baffling and louvers
Baffling and Louvers

  • Should be

    accomplished

    without

    blocking

    natural

    light



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